A1 (پایه)

camcorder

camcorder [noun]

a small video camera that can be held easily in one hand

US /ˈkæmˌkɔːr.dɚ/ 
UK /ˈkæmˌkɔː.dər/ 

­دوربين‌ فيلمبردارى ويديو و تلويزيون‌ (سبك‌ و قابل‌ حمل‌ با يك‌ دست‌)

Oxford Essential Dictionary

camcorder

 noun
a camera that you can carry around and use for recording moving pictures and sound

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English

camcorder

camcorder /ˈkæmˌkɔːdə $ -ˌkɔːrdər/ BrE AmE noun [countable]
[Date: 1900-2000; Origin: camera + recorder]

a type of camera that records pictures and sound on ↑videotape

Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

camcorder

cam·cord·er [camcorder camcorders]   [ˈkæmkɔːdə(r)]    [ˈkæmkɔːrdər]  noun
a video camera that records pictures and sound and that can be carried around 
Word Origin:

1980s: blend of camera  and recorder.

Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary

Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary - 4th Edition
 

camcorder / ˈkæmˌkɔː.də r /   / -ˌkɔːr.dɚ / noun [ C ]

a small video camera that can be held easily in one hand

→  Compare video camera

© Cambridge University Press 2013

Collins COBUILD Advanced Learner’s English Dictionary

camcorder

[kæ̱mkɔː(r)də(r)]
 camcorders
 N-COUNT
 A camcorder is a portable video camera which records both picture and sound.

Merriam-Webster's Advanced Learner's Dictionary

Merriam-Webster's Advanced Learner's Dictionary: 

camcorder

cam·cord·er /ˈkæmˌkoɚdɚ/ noun, pl -ers [count] : a small video camera for personal use

air conditioner

air conditioner [noun]

a machine that keeps the air in a building cool

US /ˈer kənˌdɪʃ.ən.ɚ/ 
UK /ˈeə kənˌdɪʃ.ən.ər/ 

­دستگاه‌ تهويه‌ى مطبوع‌

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English

air conditioner

ˈair conˌditioner BrE AmE noun [countable]
a machine that makes the air in a room or building cooler and drier

Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

air conditioner

ˈair conditioner [air conditioner]       noun

a machine that cools and dries air

Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary

Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary - 4th Edition
 

ˈ air con ˌ ditioner noun [ C ]

a machine that keeps the air in a building cool

© Cambridge University Press 2013

Collins COBUILD Advanced Learner’s English Dictionary

air conditioner

 air conditioners
 N-COUNT
 An air conditioner is a machine which keeps the air in a building cool and dry.(in BRIT, also use air-conditioner)

Merriam-Webster's Advanced Learner's Dictionary

Merriam-Webster's Advanced Learner's Dictionary: 

air conditioner

 

air conditioner noun, pl ~ -ers [count] : a machine that is used to cool and dry the air in a building, room, etc.

flash drive

flash drive [noun]

a small piece of equipment that you connect to a computer or other piece of electronic equipment to copy and store information

فلش، کارت حافظه

مثال: 

Insert the flash drive into the USB port.

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English

flash drive

ˈflash drive BrE AmE noun [countable]
a small piece of electronic equipment that uses ↑flash memory to store information and can be fitted into a computer SYN USB drive

Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

flash drive

ˈflash drive 8 [flash drive]       (also USˈB drive, ˈpen drive) (NAmE also ˈthumb drive) noun

(computing)
a small memory device that can be used to store data from a computer and to move it from one computer to another
Syn:  memory stick
Insert the flash drive into the USB port.
• The flash drive is compatible with all notebook PCs running Windows.

See also: USB drive  pen drive  thumb drive

Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary

Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary - 4th Edition
 

ˈ flash ˌ drive noun [ C ] ( also Memory Stick , pen drive )

a small piece of equipment that you connect to a computer or other piece of electronic equipment to copy and store information

See picture computer

© Cambridge University Press 2013

DVD

DVD [noun]

abbreviation for digital versatile disc or digital video disc: a disc used for storing and playing music, films, or information

US /ˌdiː.viːˈdiː/ 
UK /ˌdiː.viːˈdiː/ 

دی. وی. دی

مثال: 

I got a DVD of 'Mary Poppins' for Christmas.

Oxford Essential Dictionary

DVD

 noun
a small plastic disk that you record films and music on. You can play a DVD on a computer or a special machine (called a DVD player):
Is the film available on DVD?

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English

DVD

DVD S3 W3 /ˌdiː viː ˈdiː/ BrE AmE noun [uncountable and countable]
(digital video disc or digital versatile disc) a type of computer ↑disc that can store a large amount of information, sound, pictures, and video:
a DVD player
The film is now out on video and DVD.

Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

DVD

DVD [DVD]   [ˌdiː viː ˈdiː]    [ˌdiː viː ˈdiː]  noun
a disk on which large amounts of information, especially photographs and video, can be stored, for use on a computer or DVD player (the abbreviation for digital videodisc or digital versatile disc )
a DVD-ROM drive
Is it available on DVD yet?  
Collocations:
Cinema/the movies
Watching
go to/take sb to (see) a film/movie
go to/sit in (BrE) the cinema/(NAmE) the (movie) theater
rent a film/movie/DVD
download a film/movie/video
burn/copy/rip a DVD
see/watch a film/movie/DVD/video/preview/trailer
Showing
show/screen a film/movie
promote/distribute/review a film/movie
(BrE) be on at the cinema
be released on/come out on/be out on DVD
captivate/delight/grip/thrill the audience
do well/badly at the box office
get a lot of/live up to the hype
Film-making
write/co-write a film/movie/script/screenplay
direct/produce/make/shoot/edit a film/movie/sequel/video
make a romantic comedy/a thriller/an action movie
do/work on a sequel/remake
film/shoot the opening scene/an action sequence/footage (of sth)
compose/create/do/write the soundtrack
cut/edit (out) a scene/sequence
Acting
have/get/do an audition
get/have/play a leading/starring/supporting role
play a character/James Bond/the bad guy
act in/appear in/star in a film/movie/remake
do/perform/attempt a stunt
work in/make it big in Hollywood
forge/carve/make/pursue a career in Hollywood
Describing films
the camera pulls back/pans over sth/zooms in (on sth)
the camera focuses on sth/lingers on sth
shoot sb/show sb in extreme close-up
use odd/unusual camera angles
be filmed/shot on location/in a studio
be set/take place in London/in the '60s
have a happy ending/plot twist 
Example Bank:
Consumers are demanding high-quality DVD playback.
I haven't seen the first DVD so I can't compare them.
Pop this DVD in and sit back and relax.
The first edition of the album comes with a bonus DVD.
The movie is available in DVD format.
a multi-region DVD player
• the DVD drive in my PC

• Let's just stay in and watch a DVD.

Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary

Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary - 4th Edition
 

DVD / ˌdiː.viːˈdiː / noun [ C ]

A1 abbreviation for digital versatile disc or digital video disc: a disc used for storing and playing music, films, or information:

I got a DVD of 'Mary Poppins' for Christmas.

Is the film available on DVD?

a DVD drive/player

© Cambridge University Press 2013

Collins COBUILD Advanced Learner’s English Dictionary

DVD

[di͟ː viː di͟ː]
 DVDs
 N-COUNT
 A DVD is a disc on which a film or music is recorded. DVD discs are similar to compact discs but hold a lot more information. DVD is an abbreviation for `digital video disc' or `digital versatile disc'.
  ...a DVD player.

Merriam-Webster's Advanced Learner's Dictionary

Merriam-Webster's Advanced Learner's Dictionary: 

DVD

DVD /ˌdiːˌviːˈdiː/ noun, pl DVDs [count] : a computer disk that contains a large amount of information (such as a movie)
• a DVD player
• The movie just came out on DVD. also; : a movie that is recorded on a DVD
• Do you want to pick up a few DVDs for the weekend?
DVD is an abbreviation of “digital video disc” or “digital versatile disc.”

GPS

GPS [noun]

abbreviation for global positioning system: a system that can show the exact position of a person or thing by using signals from satellites (= objects in space that send signals to Earth)

US /ˌdʒiː.piːˈes/ 
UK /ˌdʒiː.piːˈes/ 

جی. پی. اس

مثال: 

The unit uses GPS to determine the delivery truck's position.

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English

GPS

GPS /ˌdʒiː piː ˈes/ BrE AmE noun [uncountable]
(Global Positioning System) a system that uses radio signals from ↑satellites to show your exact position on the Earth on a special piece of equipment

Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

GPS

GPS 7 [GPS]   [ˌdʒiː piː ˈes]    [ˌdʒiː piː ˈes]  abbreviation
global positioning system (a system by which signals are sent from satellites to a special device, used to show the position of a person or thing on the surface of the earth very accurately)
The drivers all have GPS in the van.
• She switched on the GPS system before she left the airport.

compare  satnav

Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary

Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary - 4th Edition
 

GPS / ˌdʒiː.piːˈes / noun [ U ]

abbreviation for global positioning system: a system that can show the exact position of a person or thing by using signals from satellites (= objects in space that send signals to Earth)

© Cambridge University Press 2013

Collins COBUILD Advanced Learner’s English Dictionary

GPS

[ʤi͟ː piː e̱s]
 GPSs
 N-COUNT
 GPS is an abbreviation for global positioning system.
  GPS operates best near the equator.
  ...a GPS receiver.

Merriam-Webster's Advanced Learner's Dictionary

Merriam-Webster's Advanced Learner's Dictionary: 

GPS
 

GPS /ˌʤiːˌpiːˈɛs/ noun [noncount] : a radio system that uses signals from satellites to tell you where you are and to give you directions to other places
• The car comes with GPS.
GPS is an abbreviation of “Global Positioning System.”

تفاوت a و an و one در انگلیسی

- از یک (one) زمانی استفاده کنید که عدد مهم باشد، زمانی که میخواهید تأکید کنید که این فقط یکی است نه دوتا ، سه تا و یا بیشتر:

 

1.One of these tomatoes is rotten, but the others are OK. 

یکی از این گوجه فرنگی ها خراب است ولی بقیه سالم هستند.

2. I wanted to buy three books, but I didn’t have enough money, so I bought only one. 

میخواستم سه عدد کتاب بخرم اما پول کافی نداشتم درنتیجه فقط یک کتاب خریدم.

- در بقیه موارد وقتی که یک بودن (در معنای شمارش) مهم نیست از a /an استفاده کنید:

 

French fries

French fries [noun]

long, thin pieces of fried potato

سيب‌ زمينى‌ سرخ‌ كرده‌

مثال: 

I’d like a hamburger and French fries.

Oxford Essential Dictionary

chips

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English

French fries

French fries plural noun (ALSO fries) MAINLY US
long thin pieces of fried potato

Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary

Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary - 4th Edition
 

ˌ French ˈ fries noun [ plural ] ( also fries ) mainly US

long, thin pieces of fried potato

© Cambridge University Press 2013

Collins COBUILD Advanced Learner’s English Dictionary

French fries

 N-PLURAL
 French fries are long, thin pieces of potato fried in oil or fat.

Merriam-Webster's Advanced Learner's Dictionary

Merriam-Webster's Advanced Learner's Dictionary: 

french fry
 

french fry or French fry noun, pl ~ fries [count] chiefly US : a long, thin piece of potato that is fried in deep fat - called also (Brit) chip, (US) fry,

veggie

veggie [noun]

UK informal a vegetarian noun, US and Australian English informal a vegetable

US /ˈvedʒ.i/ 
UK /ˈvedʒ.i/ 

غیر رسمی vegetarian

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English

veggie

I. veggie1 /ˈvedʒi/ BrE AmE noun [countable]
[Date: 1900-2000; Origin: vegetable]
1. a ↑vegetarian
2. American English a ↑vegetable:
fresh veggies

Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

veggie

 

▪ I. veg·gie [veggie veggies]   [ˈvedʒi]    [ˈvedʒi]  noun (informal)
1. (BrE) =  vegetarian

• He's turned veggie (= become a vegetarian ).

2. (especially NAmE) =  vegetable  
Word Origin:

1970s: abbreviation.

Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary

Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary - 4th Edition
 

veggie / ˈvedʒ.i / noun [ C ] ( also veggy )

UK informal a vegetarian noun

US and Australian English informal a vegetable

© Cambridge University Press 2013

Collins COBUILD Advanced Learner’s English Dictionary

veggie

[ve̱ʤi]
 veggies
 1) ADJ Veggie means the same as vegetarian. [mainly BRIT, INFORMAL]
  You can cook a cheap veggie chilli in 15 minutes...
  Going veggie can be tasty, easy and healthy too.
 N-COUNT
 A veggie is someone who is vegetarian.
 2) N-COUNT: usu pl Veggies are plants such as cabbages, potatoes, and onions which you can cook and eat. [mainly AM, INFORMAL]
  ...well-balanced meals of fresh fruit and veggies, chicken, fish, pasta, and no red meat.(in BRIT, usually use veg)

Merriam-Webster's Advanced Learner's Dictionary

Merriam-Webster's Advanced Learner's Dictionary: 

veggie

veg·gie /ˈvɛʤi/ noun, pl -gies [count] informal
1 chiefly US : vegetable 1
• Eat your veggies.
• fresh veggies
2 chiefly Brit : vegetarian
• The restaurant is popular with veggies.

sandwich

sandwich [noun]

two pieces of bread, sometimes spread with butter or margarine, and with some other usually cold food between them

US /ˈsæn.wɪtʃ/ 
UK /ˈsæn.wɪdʒ/ 

ساندويچ

مثال: 

a tuna/ham sandwich

Oxford Essential Dictionary

sandwich

 noun (plural sandwiches)
two pieces of bread with other food between them:
a cheese sandwich

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English

sandwich

I. sandwich1 S2 /ˈsænwɪdʒ $ ˈsændwɪtʃ, ˈsænwɪtʃ/ BrE AmE noun
[Date: 1700-1800; Origin: Earl of Sandwich (1718-92), who ate sandwiches so that he could continue gambling without leaving the table]

1. [countable] two pieces of bread with cheese, meat, cooked egg etc between them:
a ham sandwich
2. [countable] British English a cake consisting of two layers with ↑jam and cream between them:
a raspberry sponge sandwich
⇨ ↑club sandwich, ↑open sandwich

Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

sandwich

 

sand·wich [sandwich sandwiches sandwiched sandwiching] noun, verb   [ˈsænwɪtʃ]    [ˈsænwɪtʃ]    [ˈsænwɪdʒ]    [ˈsænwɪdʒ] 

 

noun
1. (also BrE informal sar·nie) two slices of bread, often spread with butter, with a layer of meat, cheese, etc. between them
a cheese sandwich
a sandwich bar (= a place that sells sandwiches )

see also  club sandwich, open sandwich

2. (BrE) (in compounds) a sponge cake consisting of two layers with jam and/or cream between them
a chocolate sponge sandwich
a sandwich tin (= for baking such a cake in)  
Word Origin:
mid 18th cent.: named after the 4th Earl of Sandwich (1718–92), an English nobleman said to have eaten food in this form so as not to leave the gaming table.  
Example Bank:
He made two rounds of tuna sandwiches.
What would you like in your sandwich?
• a peanut butter and jelly sandwich

Derived: sandwich A and B together  sandwich somebody between somebody 

Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary

Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary - 4th Edition
 

sandwich / ˈsæn.wɪdʒ /   / -wɪtʃ / noun [ C ]

sandwich

A1 two pieces of bread, sometimes spread with butter or margarine, and with some other usually cold food between them:

a tuna/ham sandwich

a toasted sandwich

a sandwich bar/box

sandwich fillings

( also sandwich cake ) UK a cake consisting of two thin, round layers with a filling such as cream between them:

a jam and cream sandwich

a Victoria sandwich

© Cambridge University Press 2013

Collins COBUILD Advanced Learner’s English Dictionary

sandwich

[sæ̱nwɪʤ, -wɪtʃ]
 sandwiches, sandwiching, sandwiched
 1) N-COUNT A sandwich usually consists of two slices of bread with a layer of food such as cheese or meat between them.
  ...a ham sandwich.
 2) VERB If you sandwich two things together with something else, you put that other thing between them. If you sandwich one thing between two other things, you put it between them.
  [V pl-n together] Carefully split the sponge ring, then sandwich the two halves together with whipped cream...
  [V n between pl-n] When you write, avoid sandwiching the bad news between an irrelevant, indirect, or overly cushioned beginning and end.
 3) → See also sandwiched

Merriam-Webster's Advanced Learner's Dictionary

Merriam-Webster's Advanced Learner's Dictionary: 

1sand·wich /ˈsændˌwɪʧ, Brit ˈsænˌwɪʤ/ noun, pl -wich·es [count]
1 : two pieces of bread with something (such as meat, peanut butter, etc.) between them
• I had a ham sandwich for lunch.
• a peanut butter and jelly sandwich
- see also club sandwich, open-faced sandwich
2 : two or more cookies, crackers, or slices of cake with something between them
• (chiefly US) an ice-cream sandwich [=two cookies with ice cream between them]

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