cold

cold

cold [adjective] (LOW TEMPERATURE)

at a low temperature, especially when compared to the temperature of the human body, and not hot, or warm

US /koʊld/ 
UK /kəʊld/ 

سرد

مثال: 

cold weather

Oxford Essential Dictionary

adjective (colder, coldest)

1 not hot or warm; with a low temperature:
Put your coat on – it's cold outside.
I'm cold. Will you put the heater on?
hot and cold water
 opposite hot

which word?
Cool, cold or freezing? Cool means quite cold, especially in a pleasant way: It's hot outside but it's nice and cool in here. Freezing means extremely cold, often in an unpleasant way: It's absolutely freezing outside.

2 not friendly or kind:
She gave him a cold, hard look.
 

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English

cold

I. cold1 S1 W1 /kəʊld $ koʊld/ BrE AmE adjective (comparative colder, superlative coldest)
[Language: Old English; Origin: ceald, cald]
1. OBJECTS/SURFACES/LIQUIDS/ROOMS something that is cold has a low temperature OPP hotcoldness:
She splashed her face with cold water.
a blast of cold air
We slept on the cold ground.
The house felt cold and empty.
ice/stone/freezing cold (=very cold)
The radiator is stone cold; isn’t the heating working?
go/get cold (=become cold)
My tea’s gone cold.
Come and eat or your dinner will get cold!
2. WEATHER when there is cold weather, the temperature of the air is very low OPP hotcoldness:
It was so cold this morning I had to scrape the ice off my windshield.
The day was bitterly cold.
The hut sheltered her from the cold wind.
cold winter/evening/January etc
the coldest winter on record
cold out/outside
It was raining and freezing cold outside.
The weather gets colder around the middle of October.
turn/grow cold (=become cold or colder, especially suddenly)
The nights grew colder.
3. be/feel/look/get cold if you are cold, your body is at a low temperature:
Could you turn up the heater, I’m cold.
I feel so cold!
My feet are as cold as ice (=very cold).
4. FOOD cold food is cooked but not eaten hot:
a plate of cold meats
a cold buffet
Serve the potatoes cold.
5. LACKING FEELING unfriendly or lacking normal human feelings such as sympathy, pity, humour etc OPP warmcoldly, coldness:
Martin was really cold towards me at the party.
His voice was as cold as ice.
She gave him a cold stare.
a cold calculated murder
6. get/have cold feet informal to suddenly feel that you are not brave enough to do something you planned to do:
The plan failed after sponsors got cold feet.
7. give somebody the cold shoulder informal to deliberately ignore someone or be unfriendly to them, especially because they have upset or offended you
8. LIGHT/COLOUR a cold colour or light reminds you of things that are cold OPP warmcoldness:
the cold light of a fluorescent tube
9. in the cold light of day in the morning, when you can think clearly or see something clearly:
The house seemed less threatening in the cold light of day.
10. cold (hard) cash American English money in the form of paper money and coins rather than cheques or ↑credit cards
11. leave somebody cold to not feel interested in or affected by something in any way:
Opera left him cold.
12. take/need a cold shower used humorously to say that someone is sexually excited and the cold water will stop them feeling that way
13. sb’s trail/scent is cold used to say that you cannot find someone because it has been too long since they passed or lived in a particular place:
I tracked the boy as far as the factory, but there his trail went cold.
14. IN GAMES [not before noun] used in children’s games, to say that someone is far away from the hidden object or answer they are trying to find:
You’re getting colder!
15. cold facts facts without anything added to make them more pleasant or interesting:
Statistics can be merely cold facts.
16. cold steel literary a weapon such as a knife or sword
in cold blood at ↑blood1(3), ⇨ cold fish at ↑fish1(8), ⇨ blow hot and cold at ↑blow1(21), ⇨ cold comfort at ↑comfort1(7), ⇨ pour cold water over/on at ↑pour(6), ⇨ a cold sweat at ↑sweat2(4)
• • •
COLLOCATIONS (for Meaning 2)
■ cold + NOUN
cold weather More cold weather is expected later this week.
a cold night/day It was a cold night with a starlit sky.
a cold winter A cold winter will increase oil consumption.
a cold wind A cold wind was blowing from the north.
a cold spell (=a period of cold weather, especially a short one) We’re currently going through a bit of a cold spell.
a cold snap (=a short period of very cold weather) There had been a sudden cold snap just after Christmas.
■ adverbs
freezing/icy cold Take your gloves – it’s freezing cold out there.
bitterly cold (=very cold) The winter of 1921 was bitterly cold.
unusually/exceptionally cold a period of unusually cold weather
quite/pretty cold It’s going to be quite cold today.
cold out/outside It’s too cold out – I’m staying at home.
■ verbs
become cold (also get cold informal) In my country, it never really gets cold.
turn/grow cold (=become cold, especially suddenly) The birds fly south before the weather turns cold.
• • •
THESAURUS
■ person
cold used especially when you feel uncomfortable: I’m cold – can I borrow a sweater?
cool a little cold, especially in a way that feels comfortable: The air-conditioning keeps everyone cool.
freezing (cold) spoken very cold and very uncomfortable: You look absolutely freezing!
shivery cold and unable to stop shivering, especially because you are ill: I felt shivery and had a headache.
■ weather
cold used especially when you feel uncomfortable: It gets very cold here in the winter.
cool a little cold, often in a way that feels comfortable: It’s very hot in the day, but cooler at night. | a nice cool breeze
chilly a little cold, but not very cold, in a way that feels rather uncomfortable: a chilly autumn day | It’s a bit chilly.
freezing (cold) spoken very cold and very uncomfortable: It’s freezing outside.
bitterly cold very cold and very uncomfortable: It can be bitterly cold in the mountains.
icy (cold) very cold, especially when the temperature is below zero: The wind was icy cold.
crisp cold, dry, and clear, in a way that seems pleasant: I love these crisp autumn mornings.
frosty in frosty weather, the ground is covered in a frozen white powder: It was a bright frosty morning.
arctic extremely cold and unpleasant, with snow and ice: He would not survive for long in the arctic conditions. | arctic weather
■ room
cold used especially when you feel uncomfortable: It’s cold in here.
cool a little cold, especially in a way that feels comfortable: Let’s go inside where it’s cool.
freezing (cold) spoken very cold: I had to sleep in a freezing cold room.
draughty British English, drafty American English /ˈdrɑːfti $ ˈdræfti/ with cold air blowing in from outside, in a way that feels uncomfortable: Old houses can be very draughty.
■ food, liquid, or something you touch
cold: The water’s too cold for swimming. | a cold stone floor
cool a little cold, especially in a way that seems pleasant: a nice cool drink | cool white sheets
freezing (cold) very cold: His friends pulled him from the freezing water.
chilled food and drinks that are chilled have been deliberately made cold: a bottle of chilled champagne
frozen kept at a temperature which is below zero: frozen peas

Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

cold

cold [cold colds colder coldest] adjective, noun, adverb   [kəʊld] Click to play  [koʊld] Click to play

 

adjective (cold·er, cold·est

 

 

LOW TEMPERATURE
1. having a lower than usual temperature; having a temperature lower than the human body
I'm cold. Turn the heating up.
to feel/look cold
cold hands and feet
a cold room/house
hot and cold water in every room
Isn't it cold today?
It's freezing cold.
to get/turn colder
bitterly cold weather
• the coldest May on record

(BrE) The water has gone cold.  

 

 

FOOD/DRINK

2. not heated; cooled after being cooked
a cold drink
• Hot and cold food is available in the cafeteria.

• cold chicken for lunch  

 

 

UNFRIENDLY

3. (of a person) without emotion; unfriendly
to give sb a cold look/stare/welcome
Her manner was cold and distant.

• He was staring at her with cold eyes.  

 

 

LIGHT/COLOURS

4. seeming to lack warmth, in an unpleasant way
• clear cold light

• cold grey skies  

 

 

ROUTE

5. not easy to find

• The police followed the robbers to the airport but then the trail went cold.  

 

 

IN GAMES

 

6. used in children's games to say that the person playing is not close to finding a person or thing, or to guessing the correct answer  

 

UNCONSCIOUS
7. out ~ not before noun (informal) unconscious

• He was knocked out cold in the second round.  

 

 

FACTS

8. the ~ facts/truth facts with nothing added to make them more interesting or pleasant
see also  coldly, coldness 
more at make sb's blood run cold at  blood, blow hot and cold at  blow  v., go hot and cold at  hot  adj.  
Word Origin:
Old English cald, of Germanic origin; related to Dutch koud and German kalt, also to Latin gelu ‘frost’.  
Thesaurus:
cold adj.
1.
A cold wind blew.
chillyfreezingfrozenicy|written chill|usually approving coolcrisp|often disapproving bitterlukewarmtepid
Opp: hot, Opp: warm, Opp: mild
a/an cold/chilly/freezing/icy/chill/cool/crisp day/night/morning
cold/chilly/freezing/icy/cool/bitter weather
cold/lukewarm/tepid tea/coffee/food
2.
Her manner was cold and distant.
unfriendlycoolfrostychillyimpersonalremotedistant|written aloof
Opp: warm
a/an cold/unfriendly/cool/frosty look
a/an cold/unfriendly/cool/frosty/impersonal/aloof manner
a/an cold/unfriendly/cool voice/glance  
Synonyms:
cold
cool freezing chilly lukewarm tepid
These words all describe sb/sth that has a low temperature.
coldhaving a temperature that is lower than usual or lower than the human body; (of food or drink) not heated; cooled after being cooked: I'm cold. Turn the heating up. Outside it was bitterly cold. a cold wind hot and cold water It's cold chicken for lunch.
cool(often approving) fairly cold, especially in a pleasant way: a long cool drink We found a cool place to sit.
freezingextremely cold; having a temperature below 0° Celsius: It's absolutely freezing outside. I'm freezing!
chilly(rather informal) too cold to be comfortable: Bring a coat. It might turn chilly later.
lukewarm(often disapproving) slightly warm, sometimes in an unpleasant way: Her coffee was now lukewarm.
tepid(often disapproving) slightly warm, sometimes in an unpleasant way: a jug of tepid water
lukewarm or tepid?
There is really no difference in meaning or use between these words.
to feel/get cold/cool/chilly
cold/cool/freezing/chilly air/weather
a cold/cool/freezing/chilly wind
cold/cool/freezing/lukewarm/tepid water
a cold/cool/lukewarm/tepid shower/bath
cold/lukewarm/tepid tea/coffee/food
a cold/cool drink
It's cold/chilly/freezing outside. 
Example Bank:
Bake in the oven for twenty minutes. Serve hot or cold.
I found him a rather cold person.
I'm afraid the coffee's gone cold.
In January it turned very cold.
It's bitterly cold outside.
She was very cold towards me.
The rain overnight had made the water cold.
The room grew cold.
The sight of him standing there made her blood go cold.
There was a freezing cold wind.
This soup is stone cold!
Use ice to keep the drinks cold.
Your dinner's getting cold.
an ice-cold beer
A cold snap caused problems for drivers.
Every room has hot and cold water.
He was portrayed as a cold, calculating terrorist.
He was staring at her with cold eyes.
Her manner was cold and distant.
I'm cold. Turn the heating up.
It grew colder as the evening came.
It was the coldest winter on record.
It's cold chicken for lunch.
She gave David a cold look of disapproval.
• The stream was icy cold.

Idioms: cold fish  come in from the cold  get cold feet  give somebody the cold shoulder  in cold blood  in the cold light of day  leave somebody cold  leave somebody out in the cold  pour cold water on something 

Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary

Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary - 4th Edition
 

cold / kəʊld /   / koʊld / adjective (LOW TEMPERATURE)

A1 at a low temperature, especially when compared to the temperature of the human body, and not hot, or warm:

a cold day/house

cold food/water

cold hands

cold weather

My feet are so cold.

It's freezing cold today.

You'll feel cold if you don't wear a coat.

 

coldness / ˈkəʊld.nəs /   / ˈkoʊld- / noun [ U ]

C2

It was the coldness of her manner that struck me.
 

cold / kəʊld /   / koʊld / adjective (UNFRIENDLY)

B1 not showing kindness, love, or emotion and not friendly:

His handshake was cold, and his eyes lifeless.

He stared into her cold blue eyes.

She would never feel welcome in this city with its cold, unsmiling inhabitants.

The school was a cold, unwelcoming place.

 

coldness / ˈkəʊld.nəs /   / ˈkoʊld- / noun [ U ]

C2

It was the coldness of her manner that struck me.

Collins COBUILD Advanced Learner’s English Dictionary

cold

[ko͟ʊld]
 ♦♦
 colder, coldest, colds

 1) ADJ-GRADED Something that is cold has a very low temperature or a lower temperature than is normal or acceptable.
  Rinse the vegetables under cold running water...
  He likes his tea neither too hot nor too cold...
  Your dinner's getting cold.
  Ant:
  hot, warm
  Derived words:
  coldness N-UNCOUNT usu with supp She complained about the coldness of his hands.
 2) ADJ-GRADED: oft it v-link ADJ If it is cold, or if a place is cold, the temperature of the air is very low.
  It was bitterly cold...
  The house is cold because I can't afford to turn the heat on...
  This is the coldest winter I can remember.
  Ant:
  hot, warm
  Derived words:
  coldness N-UNCOUNT usu with supp Within quarter of an hour the coldness of the night had gone.
 3) N-UNCOUNT: also the N Cold weather or low temperatures can be referred to as the cold.
  He must have come inside to get out of the cold...
  His feet were blue with cold.
  Ant:
  heat
 4) ADJ-GRADED: usu v-link ADJ If you are cold, your body is at an unpleasantly low temperature.
  I was freezing cold...
  I'm hungry, I'm cold and I've nowhere to sleep.
 5) ADJ: usu ADJ n Cold food, such as salad or meat that has been cooked and cooled, is not intended to be eaten hot.
  A wide variety of hot and cold snacks will be available.
  ...cold meats.
  Ant:
  hot
 6) ADJ-GRADED Cold colours or cold light give an impression of coldness.
  Generally, warm colours advance in painting and cold colours recede.
  ...the cold blue light from a streetlamp.
  Ant:
  warm
 7) ADJ-GRADED (disapproval) A cold person does not show much emotion, especially affection, and therefore seems unfriendly and unsympathetic. If someone's voice is cold, they speak in an unfriendly unsympathetic way.
  What a cold, unfeeling woman she was...
  `Send her away,' Eve said in a cold, hard voice.
  Syn:
  unfeeling
  Ant:
  warm
  Derived words:
  coldly ADV-GRADED `I'll see you in the morning,' Hugh said coldly.
  coldness N-UNCOUNT His coldness angered her.
 8) ADJ-GRADED A cold trail or scent is one which is old and therefore difficult to follow.
  He could follow a cold trail over hard ground and even over stones.
  Ant:
  fresh
 9) ADJ-GRADED: v-link ADJ If you say that someone is cold when they are trying to guess the answer to a question or puzzle, you mean that they are thinking about it in the wrong way and are going to give a wrong answer.
  Ant:
  close, warm
 10) N-COUNT If you have a cold, you have a mild, very common illness which makes you sneeze a lot and gives you a sore throat or a cough.
 11) → See also common cold
 12) PHRASE: V inflects If you catch cold, or catch a cold, you become ill with a cold.
  Let's dry our hair so we don't catch cold.
 13) PHRASE: V inflects If something leaves you cold, it fails to excite or interest you.
  Lawrence is one of those writers who either excite you enormously or leave you cold.
 14) PHRASE: v-link PHR If someone is out cold, they are unconscious or sleeping very heavily.
  She was out cold but still breathing.
 15) PHRASE: PHR after v, v-link PHR If you say that a person, group, or country has been left out in the cold, you mean that they have been ignored by others rather than being invited to take part in some activity with them.
  Developing countries might be left out in the cold in current world trade talks.
 16) in cold bloodsee blood
 to get cold feetsee foot
 to blow hot and coldsee hot
 to pour cold water on something → see water

Merriam-Webster's Advanced Learner's Dictionary

Merriam-Webster's Advanced Learner's Dictionary: 

1cold /ˈkoʊld/ adj cold·er; -est
1 : having a very low temperature
• The water was too cold for swimming.
• The weather has been unusually cold this spring.
• a country with a cold climate
• It was a long, cold winter.
• It's cold outside, but the wind makes it feel even colder.
• It's bitterly/freezing cold out there!
• a cold, rainy day
• metal that is cold to the touch
• Her hands were icy cold. = They were as cold as ice.
2 : having a feeling of low body heat
• Are you cold? I could turn up the temperature if you'd like.
3 a of food : not heated
• a bowl of cold cereal
• He ate cold pizza for breakfast.
• We were happy to eat a hot meal rather than cold sandwiches.
cold meats
b of drinks : served at a very low temperature or with ice
• They're serving coffee, tea, and cold drinks.
• a cold glass of milk
• a cold beer
4 : not appealing or pleasant : causing a cold or unhappy feeling
• the cold gray sky
• the harsh cold lights of the hospital
5 : not friendly or emotional : lacking emotional warmth
• Why is he so cold and distant toward me?
• She gave me a cold stare and turned away.
• I got a cold reception when I came home.
6 : not changed or affected by personal feelings or emotions
• Like them or not, these are the cold facts!
• It's time they took a cold, hard look at the situation.
7 : learned or memorized exactly - used with have
• Keep repeating the lines until you have them (down) cold. [=until you have memorized them perfectly]
8 : unconscious or sleeping very deeply
• He passed out cold.
- usually used in the phrase out cold
• She was out cold by eight o'clock.
- see also knock cold at 1knock
9 : not fresh or strong : no longer easy to follow
• The dogs picked up a cold scent.
• The police had been hot on the trail of the escaped prisoners, but then the trail went cold.
10 : not close to finding something or solving a puzzle - used especially in children's games
• You're getting warmer! You're getting hot! Oh, now you're getting colder!
11 : not having success or good luck
• The team was hot in the first half, but their shooting turned cold in the second half. [=they missed a lot of shots in the second half]
blow hot and cold
- see 1blow
cast a cold eye on
- see 1eye
in cold blood
- see blood
in the cold light of day : in the day when things can be seen clearly rather than at night
• The house that had looked so sinister at night seemed much less frightening in the cold light of day.
- sometimes used figuratively
• She forced me to look at myself in the cold light of day, and I didn't like what I saw.
leave you cold
✦Something that leaves you cold does not interest or excite you.
• His movies leave me cold.
make someone's blood run cold
- see blood
pour/throw cold water on
- see water
- cold·ly adv
• “Your application has been denied,” he said coldly.
• She looked at me coldly and turned away.
- cold·ness noun [noncount]
• the icy coldness of winter
• Why does he treat me with such coldness and reserve?

cold

cold [noun] (ILLNESS)

A common infection, especially in the nose and throat, that often causes a cough, a slight fever, and sometimes some pain in the muscles

US /koʊld/ 
UK /kəʊld/ 

سرماخوردگی

مثال: 

She caught a cold at school.

او در مدرسه سرما خورد.

 

A common infection, especially in the nose and throat, that often causes a cough, a slight fever, and sometimes some pain in the muscles

معادل فارسی: 

سرماخوردگی

مثال انگلیسی: 

She caught a cold at school.

او در مدرسه سرما خورد.

Oxford Essential Dictionary

cold

 noun

1 (no plural) cold weather:
Don't go out in the cold.

2 (plural colds) a common illness of the nose and throat. When you have a cold, you often cannot breathe through your nose and your throat hurts:
I've got a cold.
Come in out of the rain, or you'll catch a cold

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English

II. cold2 BrE AmE noun
1. [countable] a common illness that makes it difficult to breathe through your nose and often makes your throat hurt:
I’ve got a bad cold.
Keep your feet dry so you don’t catch a cold. ⇨ ↑common cold
2. [uncountable] (also the cold) a low temperature or cold weather:
I was shivering with cold.
Don’t go out in the cold without your coat!
you’ll catch your death of cold British English (=used to warn someone that they may become very ill if they do not keep themselves warm in cold weather)
3. come in from the cold to become accepted or recognized, especially by a powerful group of people
4. leave somebody out in the cold informal to not include someone in an activity:
He chose to favour us one at a time and the others were left out in the cold.
• • •
COLLOCATIONS
■ verbs
have (got) a cold She’s staying at home today because she’s got a cold.
be getting a cold (=be starting to have a cold) I think I might be getting a cold.
catch a cold (=start to have one) I caught a cold and had to miss the match.
come down with a cold (also go down with a cold British English) informal (=catch one) A lot of people go down with colds at this time of year.
be suffering from a cold formal (=have one) He was suffering from a cold and not his usual energetic self.
suffer from colds formal (=have colds) Some people suffer from more colds than others.
■ ADJECTIVES/NOUN + cold
a bad cold If you have a bad cold, just stay in bed.
a nasty cold (also a heavy cold British English) (=a bad one) He sounded as if he had a heavy cold.
a streaming cold British English (=in which a lot of liquid comes from your nose) You shouldn’t go to work if you’ve got a streaming cold.
a slight cold It’s only a slight cold – I’ll be fine tomorrow.
a chest cold (=affecting your chest) He’s coughing all the time with a bad chest cold.
a head cold (=affecting your nose and head) A bad head cold can sometimes feel like flu.
the common cold formal There are hundreds of viruses that cause the common cold.
III. cold3 BrE AmE adverb
1. American English suddenly and completely:
Paul stopped cold. ‘What was that noise?’
2. out cold informal unconscious:
He drank until he was out cold.
You were knocked out cold (=hit on the head so that you became unconscious).
3. without preparation:
I can’t just get up there and make a speech cold!

Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

noun  

LOW TEMPERATURE
1. uncountable a lack of heat or warmth; a low temperature, especially in the atmosphere
He shivered with cold.
Don't stand outside in the cold.
She doesn't seem to feel the cold.

You'll catch your death of cold (= used to warn sb they could become ill if they do not keep warm in cold weather).  

 

ILLNESS

2. countable (also less frequent the ˌcommon ˈcold) a common illness that affects the nose and/or throat, making you cough, sneeze, etc
I've got a cold.
a bad/heavy/slight cold
to catch a cold
more at catch your death (of cold) at  catch  v.  
Word Origin:
Old English cald, of Germanic origin; related to Dutch koud and German kalt, also to Latin gelu ‘frost’.  
Collocations:
Illnesses
Becoming ill
catch a cold/an infectious disease/the flu/(BrE) flu/pneumonia/a virus/(informal) a bug
get (BrE) ill/(NAmE) sick/a disease/AIDS/breast cancer/a cold/the flu/(BrE) flu/a migraine
come down with a cold/the flu/(BrE) flu
contract a deadly disease/a serious illness/HIV/AIDS
be infected with a virus/a parasite/HIV
develop cancer/diabetes/a rash/an ulcer/symptoms of hepatitis
have a heart attack/a stroke
provoke/trigger/produce an allergic reaction
block/burst/rupture a blood vessel
damage/sever a nerve/an artery/a tendon
Being ill
feel (BrE) ill/sick/nauseous/queasy
be running (BrE) a temperature/(NAmE) a fever
have a head cold/diabetes/heart disease/lung cancer/a headache/(BrE) a high temperature/(NAmE) a fever
suffer from asthma/malnutrition/frequent headaches/bouts of depression/a mental disorder
be laid up with/ (BrE) be in bed with a cold/the flu/(BrE) flu/a migraine
nurse a cold/a headache/a hangover
battle/fight cancer/depression/addiction/alcoholism
Treatments
examine a patient
diagnose a condition/disease/disorder
be diagnosed with cancer/diabetes/schizophrenia
prescribe/be given/be on/take drugs/medicine/medication/pills/painkillers/antibiotics
treat sb for cancer/depression/shock
have/undergo an examination/an operation/surgery/a kidney transplant/therapy/chemotherapy/treatment for cancer
have/be given an injection/(BrE) a flu jab/(NAmE) a flu shot/a blood transfusion/a scan/an X-ray
cure a disease/an ailment/cancer/a headache/a patient
prevent the spread of disease/further outbreaks/damage to the lungs
be vaccinated against the flu/(BrE) flu/the measles/(BrE) measles/polio/smallpox
enhance/boost/confer/build immunity to a disease 
Example Bank:
He stood out in the cold and waited.
He took cold, developed pneumonia, and that was the end of him.
I don't feel the cold as badly as many people.
I must have caught a cold on the bus.
If you stay out in the rain you'll catch cold!
Jim stayed at home because he was nursing a cold.
Millions of ordinary workers feel left out in the cold by the shift to digital technology.
My hands were blue with cold.
She won her match despite suffering from a heavy cold.
The house has double glazing to keep out the cold.
We were well wrapped up against the cold.
When the coalition was formed the Liberals were left out in the cold.
When will they find a cure for the common cold?
Don't stand outside in the cold.

She doesn't seem to feel the cold.

Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary

Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary - 4th Edition
 

cold / kəʊld /   / koʊld / noun [ C ] (ILLNESS)

A2 a common infection, especially in the nose and throat, that often causes a cough, a slight fever, and sometimes some pain in the muscles:

I've got a cold.

She caught a cold at school.

UK informal Don't come near me - I've got a stinking/streaming cold (= extremely bad cold) .

 

cold / kəʊld /   / koʊld / noun [ S or U ] (LOW TEMPERATURE)

B1 cold weather or temperatures:

Don't stand out there in the cold, come in here and get warm.

Old people tend to feel the cold (= feel uncomfortable in cold temperatures) more than the young.

My feet were numb with cold.

© Cambridge University Press 2013

Collins COBUILD Advanced Learner’s English Dictionary

cold

/koʊld/
(colder, coldest, colds)

Frequency: The word is one of the 1500 most common words in English.

1.
Something that is cold has a very low temperature or a lower temperature than is normal or acceptable.
Rinse the vegetables under cold running water...
He likes his tea neither too hot nor too cold...
Your dinner’s getting cold.
hot, warm
ADJ
cold‧ness
She complained about the coldness of his hands.
warmth
N-UNCOUNT: usu with supp

2.
If it is cold, or if a place is cold, the temperature of the air is very low.
It was bitterly cold...
The house is cold because I can’t afford to turn the heat on...
This is the coldest winter I can remember.
hot, warm
ADJ: oft it v-link ADJ
cold‧ness
Within quarter of an hour the coldness of the night had gone.
N-UNCOUNT: usu with supp

3.
Cold weather or low temperatures can be referred to as the cold.
He must have come inside to get out of the cold...
His feet were blue with cold.
heat
N-UNCOUNT: also the N

4.
If you are cold, your body is at an unpleasantly low temperature.
I was freezing cold...
I’m hungry, I’m cold and I’ve nowhere to sleep.
ADJ: usu v-link ADJ

5.
Cold food, such as salad or meat that has been cooked and cooled, is not intended to be eaten hot.
A wide variety of hot and cold snacks will be available.
...cold meats.
hot
ADJ: usu ADJ n

6.
Cold colours or cold light give an impression of coldness.
Generally, warm colours advance in painting and cold colours recede.
...the cold blue light from a streetlamp.
warm
ADJ

7.
A cold person does not show much emotion, especially affection, and therefore seems unfriendly and unsympathetic. If someone’s voice is cold, they speak in an unfriendly unsympathetic way.
What a cold, unfeeling woman she was...
‘Send her away,’ Eve said in a cold, hard voice.
warm
ADJ [disapproval]
cold‧ly
‘I’ll see you in the morning,’ Hugh said coldly.
ADV
cold‧ness
His coldness angered her.
N-UNCOUNT

8.
A cold trail or scent is one which is old and therefore difficult to follow.
He could follow a cold trail over hard ground and even over stones.
fresh
ADJ

9.
If you have a cold, you have a mild, very common illness which makes you sneeze a lot and gives you a sore throat or a cough.
N-COUNT

10.
see also common cold

11.
If you catch cold, or catch a cold, you become ill with a cold.
Let’s dry our hair so we don’t catch cold.
PHRASE: V inflects

12.
If something leaves you cold, it fails to excite or interest you.
Lawrence is one of those writers who either excite you enormously or leave you cold.
PHRASE: V inflects

13.
If someone is out cold, they are unconscious or sleeping very heavily.
She was out cold but still breathing.
PHRASE: v-link PHR

14.
in cold blood: see blood
to get cold feet: see foot
to blow hot and cold: see hot
to pour cold water on something: see water

Merriam-Webster's Advanced Learner's Dictionary

Merriam-Webster's Advanced Learner's Dictionary: 

2cold noun, pl colds
1 [noncount] : a cold condition
• I mind cold more than heat.
• They died of exposure to cold.
• She was shivering with cold. [=because she was cold]
2 the cold : cold weather
The cold really sets in around late November and doesn't let up until April.
• I stood there shivering in the cold.
• He waited outside for her in the bitter cold.
• Come in out of the cold.
3 [count] : a common illness that affects the nose, throat, and eyes and that usually causes coughing, sneezing, etc.
• It's not the flu, it's just a cold.
• He got/caught a cold. = He came down with a cold. = (Brit) He went down with a cold.
• the common cold
- often used before another noun
• the cold virus
cold symptoms/remedies
- see also head cold
blue with cold, blue from the cold
- see 1blue
come in from the cold : to become part of a group or of normal society again after you have been outside it
• a former spy who has come in from the cold
leave (someone) out in the cold : to leave (someone) in a bad position : to not give (someone) the rights or advantages that are given to others
• The changes benefit management but leave the workers out in the cold.

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