A2 (مبتدی)

brush

brush [verb] (CLEAN)

to make something clean or tidy using a brush

US /brʌʃ/ 
UK /brʌʃ/ 

(مسواک یا برس و غیره) زدن

مثال: 

She hadn’t bothered to brush her hair.

 

Oxford Essential Dictionary

brush

 verb (brushes, brushing, brushed )
to clean or tidy something with a brush:
I brush my teeth twice a day.
Brush your hair!

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English

II. brush2 S3 BrE AmE verb
1. CLEAN/MAKE TIDY [transitive] to clean something or make something smooth and tidy using a brush ⇨ sweep:
Don’t forget to brush your teeth.
2. REMOVE [transitive always + adverb/preposition] to remove something with a brush or with your hand
brush something off/from etc something
Ella brushed the crumbs off her jacket.
He brushed the tears from his eyes.
3. TOUCH LIGHTLY [intransitive always + adverb/preposition, transitive] to touch someone or something lightly when passing them:
Something brushed her shoulders.
brush against
I felt her hair brush against my arm.
brush past
Nell brushed past him in the doorway.
4. PUT SOMETHING ON SOMETHING [transitive always + adverb/preposition] to put a liquid onto something using a brush
brush something with something
Brush the pastry with milk.
brush something over/onto something
Brush a little oil over the top of the pizza.
brush something under the carpet at ↑sweep1(15)
brush somebody/something ↔ aside phrasal verb
to refuse to listen to someone, or refuse to consider something SYN dismiss:
He simply brushed all my objections aside.
brush somebody/something ↔ down phrasal verb
1. to clean something using a brush:
He was brushing the pony down.
2. brush yourself down to use your hands to remove dirt from your clothes, especially after you have fallen
brush somebody/something ↔ off phrasal verb
to refuse to listen to someone or their ideas, especially by ignoring them or saying something rude:
Corman brushed off the accusations. ⇨ ↑brush-off
brush up (on) something phrasal verb
to practise and improve your skills or your knowledge of something that you learned in the past:
I must brush up on my French before I go to Paris.

Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

verb
1. transitive to clean, polish, or make smooth with a brush
~ sth to brush your hair/teeth/shoes

~ sth + adj. A tiled floor is easy to brush clean.

2. transitive to put sth, for example oil, milk or egg, on sth using a brush
~ A with B Brush the pastry with beaten egg.

~ B over A Brush beaten egg over the pastry.

3. transitive ~ sth + adv./prep. to remove sth from a surface with a brush or with your hand
He brushed the dirt off his jacket.

She brushed the fly away.

4. intransitive, transitive to touch sb/sth lightly while moving close to them/it
~ against/by/past sb/sth She brushed past him.
His hand accidentally brushed against hers.
~ sth The leaves brushed her cheek.
~ sth with sth He brushed her lips with his.
 
Word Origin:
v. and n. senses 1 to 4 n. sense 6 Middle English Old French broisse Old French brosser ‘to sweep’
n. sense 5 Middle English Old French broce Latin bruscum
 
Example Bank:
He brushed the mud from his coat.
Her hair was brushed back in a pony tail.
I hardly noticed the man who brushed past me in the corridor.
Lucille brushed at the blood on his jacket.
She brushed away her tears.
She brushed by him and dashed up the stairs.
She brushed her hair out of her eyes.
She carefully avoided brushing against the man sitting beside her at the table.
She hummed happily as she brushed down her coat.
brushing the crumbs off the table

The non-slip surface is easy to brush clean.

Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary

Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary - 4th Edition
 

brush / brʌʃ / verb (TOUCH)

B2 [ I + adv/prep , T ] to touch (something) quickly and lightly or carelessly:

Charlotte brushed against him (= touched him quickly and lightly with her arm or body) as she left the room.

His lips gently brushed her cheek and he was gone.

C1 [ T + adv/prep ] to move something somewhere using a brush or your hand:

Jackie brushed the hair out of her eyes.

He brushed away a tear.

She stood up and brushed the wrinkles from her dress.
 

brush / brʌʃ / verb [ T ] (CLEAN)

A2 to clean something or make something smooth with a brush:

When did he last brush his teeth , she wondered.

She brushed her hair with long, regular strokes.

[ + obj + adj ] My trousers got covered in mud, but luckily I was able to brush them clean.

Collins COBUILD Advanced Learner’s English Dictionary

brush

[brʌ̱ʃ]
 ♦♦♦
 brushes, brushing, brushed

 1) N-COUNT A brush is an object which has a large number of bristles or hairs fixed to it. You use brushes for painting, for cleaning things, and for tidying your hair.
  We gave him paint and brushes...
  Stains are removed with buckets of soapy water and scrubbing brushes.
  ...a hair brush.
 2) VERB If you brush something or brush something such as dirt off it, you clean it or tidy it using a brush.
  [V n] Have you brushed your teeth?...
  [V n prep] She brushed the powder out of her hair...
  [V n with adv] Using a small brush, he brushed away the fine sawdust.
 N-SING: a N
 Brush is also a noun. I gave it a quick brush with my hairbrush.
 3) VERB If you brush something with a liquid, you apply a layer of that liquid using a brush.
  [V n with n] Take a sheet of filo pastry and brush it with melted butter.
 4) VERB If you brush something somewhere, you remove it with quick light movements of your hands.
  [V n with adv] He brushed his hair back with both hands...
  [V n with adv] She brushed away tears as she spoke of him...
  [V n prep] He brushed the snow off the windshield.
 5) V-ERG If one thing brushes against another or if you brush one thing against another, the first thing touches the second thing lightly while passing it.
  [V prep] Something brushed against her leg...
  [V n] I felt her dark brown hair brushing the back of my shoulder...
  [V n prep] She knelt and brushed her lips softly across Michael's cheek.
 6) VERB If you brush past someone or brush by them, you almost touch them as you go past them. [WRITTEN]
  [V prep/adv] My father would burst into the kitchen, brushing past my mother...
  [V prep/adv] He brushed by with a perfunctory wave to the crowd.
 7) N-COUNT: usu N with n (vagueness) If you have a brush with someone, you have an argument or disagreement with them. You use brush when you want to make an argument or disagreement sound less serious than it really is.
  My first brush with a headmaster came six years ago...
  It is his third brush with the law in less than a year.
 8) N-COUNT: N with n If you have a brush with a particular situation, usually an unpleasant one, you almost experience it.
  ...the trauma of a brush with death...
  The corporation is fighting to survive its second brush with bankruptcy.
  Syn:
  encounter
 9) N-UNCOUNT Brush is an area of rough open land covered with small bushes and trees. You also use brush to refer to the bushes and trees on this land.
  ...the brush fire that destroyed nearly 500 acres.
  ...a meadow of low brush and grass.
  Syn:
  bush
 10) → See also broad-brush, nail brush
 11) tarred with the same brushsee tar
  Phrasal Verbs:
  - brush aside
  - brush away
  - brush off
  - brush up
  - brush up on

Merriam-Webster's Advanced Learner's Dictionary

Merriam-Webster's Advanced Learner's Dictionary: 

2brush verb brushes; brushed; brush·ing [+ obj]
1 a : to clean or smooth (something) with a brush
brush your teeth/hair
b : to put (something) on or onto something with a brush
Brush some butter onto the fish before cooking it.
2 : to remove (something) with a brush or with a quick movement of your hand, fingers, etc.
Brush the dirt off your pants.
• The camera showed him brushing [=wiping] away a tear.
3 : to touch gently against (something) when going past it
• Leaves brushed my cheek.
• The two men brushed shoulders [=touched at the shoulders] as they walked past each other.
4 : to move quickly past someone without stopping or paying attention
• The governor brushed by/past the reporters.
brush aside [phrasal verb] brush (something) aside or brush aside (something) : to treat (something) as not important : to ignore or dismiss (something)
• He brushed aside [=brushed off] questions about his son's arrest.
brush off [phrasal verb]
1 brush (something) off or brush off (something) : to treat (something) as not important : to refuse to deal with or talk about (something) in a serious way
• The company brushed off [=brushed aside] reports that it couldn't pay its bills.
2 brush (someone) off or brush off (someone) : to respond to (someone) in a rude way that shows you are not interested in what is being asked for or suggested
• I asked him for some help, but he just brushed me off.
- see also brush-off
brush up [phrasal verb] brush up or brush up (something) : to improve your skill at (something) or increase your knowledge of (something)
• My Spanish is very rusty. I need to brush up before I go on my vacation to Mexico.
• I need to brush up my Spanish.
- often + on
• I need to brush up on my Spanish.

build

build [verb]

to make something by putting bricks or other materials together

US /bɪld/ 
UK /bɪld/ 

ساختن، بنا کردن

مثال: 

They're building new houses by the river.

Oxford Essential Dictionary

build

 verb (builds, building, built /, has built)
to make something by putting parts together:
He built a wall in front of the house.
The bridge is built of stone.

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English

build

I. build1 S1 W1 /bɪld/ BrE AmE verb (past tense and past participle built /bɪlt/)
[Word Family: noun: ↑build, ↑builder, ↑building; verb: ↑build, ↑rebuild; adjective: ↑built]
[Language: Old English; Origin: byldan]
1. MAKE SOMETHING [intransitive and transitive] to make something, especially a building or something large:
The purpose is to build new houses for local people.
The road took many years to build.
They needed $3 million to build the bridge.
It is the female birds that build the nests.
Developers want to build on the site of the old gasworks.
a row of recently built houses
build somebody something
He’s going to build the children a doll’s house.
2. MAKE SOMETHING DEVELOP (also build up) [transitive] to make something develop or form:
She had built a reputation as a criminal lawyer.
She’s been busy building her career.
Ross took 20 years to build up his business.
build (up) a picture of somebody/something (=form a clear idea about someone or something)
We’re trying to build up a picture of what happened.
3. be built of something to be made using particular materials:
The church was built of brick.
4. FEELING (also build up) [intransitive and transitive] if a feeling builds, or if you build it, it increases gradually over a period of time:
Tension began to build as they argued more frequently.
In order to build your self-esteem, set yourself targets you can reach.
5. build bridges to try to establish a better relationship between people who do not like each other:
Peter needs to try and build bridges with Lizzie.
• • •
THESAURUS
build to make a house, road, wall, bridge etc using bricks, stone, wood, or other materials: A new stadium will be built for the Olympics.
construct to build a building, bridge, machine etc. Construct is more formal than build: The council plans to construct two new schools.
put up something to build a wall, fence, or building, or put a statue somewhere. Put up is less formal than build: The neighbours have put up a new wooden fence.
erect formal to build a wall, fence, or building, especially a public building, or put a statue somewhere: A monument to the Canadian soliders was erected in Green Park.
throw something up British English informal to build something very quickly: Developers have hastily thrown up family homes in the area.
put together to make something from its parts, for example a piece of furniture: It took an hour to put the bookcase together.
assemble formal to put all the parts of something such as a machine or a piece of furniture together: A line of robots assemble the cars.
build something around something phrasal verb
to base something on an idea or thing and develop it from there:
Successful businesses are built around good personal relationships.
build something ↔ in phrasal verb
to make something so that it is a permanent part of a wall, room etc:
You could build in a wardrobe with mirrored doors. ⇨ ↑built-in
build something into something phrasal verb
1. to make something so that it is a permanent part of a wall, room etc:
There are three cash machines built into the wall.
2. to make something a permanent part of a system, agreement etc:
Opportunities for reviewing the timings should be built into the plan.
build on phrasal verb
1. build something on something to base something on an idea or thing:
Our relationship is built on trust.
2. build on something to use your achievements as a base for further development:
The new plan will build on the success of the previous programme.
3. to add another room to a building in order to have more space
build something ↔ on
We’re planning to build on a conservatory.
build up phrasal verb
1. INCREASE GRADUALLY if something builds up somewhere, or if you build it up, it gradually becomes bigger or greater:
the rate at which the pension builds up
build something ↔ up
The museum has built up a fine art collection. ⇨ ↑build-up
2. DEVELOP build something ↔ up to make something develop or form
build something ↔ up into
He’s built up the family firm into a multinational company.
3. FEELING if a feeling builds up, or if you build it up, it increases gradually over a period of time:
If you don’t express your feelings, frustration and anger can build up.
build up something
You have to build up trust.
4. MAKE HEALTHY build somebody/something ↔ up to make someone well and strong again, especially after an illness:
Taking exercise will build up your strength.
5. PRAISE build somebody/something ↔ up to praise someone or something so that other people think they are really good, or so that they have more confidence:
The coach has been building his men up before the match.
6. build up sb’s hopes (also build somebody's hopes up) to unfairly encourage someone to think that they will get what they hope for:
Don’t build your hopes up too much.
build up to something phrasal verb
to prepare for a particular moment or event:
I could tell she was building up to some kind of announcement.

Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

build

build [build builds built building] verb, noun   [bɪld]    [bɪld]

verb (built, built   [bɪlt]  ;   [bɪlt]  )
1. transitive, intransitive to make sth, especially a building, by putting parts together
~ (sth) They have permission to build 200 new houses.
Robins build nests almost anywhere.
They're going to build on the site of the old power station.
~ sth of/in/from sth a house built of stone
apartment blocks built in brick and concrete
~ sth for sb They had a house built for them.

~ sb sth David built us a shed in the back yard.

2. transitive ~ sth to create or develop sth
She's built a new career for herself.
• We want to build a better life.

• This information will help us build a picture of his attacker.

3. intransitive (of a feeling) to become gradually stronger
The tension and excitement built gradually all day.
see (build) castles in the air at  castle, Rome wasn't built in a day at  Rome 
 
Word Origin:
Old English byldan, from bold, botl ‘dwelling’, of Germanic origin; related to bower.  
Thesaurus:
build verb
1. T, I
a house built of stone
constructassembleput sth upset sth up|formal erect
Opp: demolish
build/construct sth from/out of/of sth
build/construct/put up/erect a house/shelter/wall/fence
build/construct a road/railway/railroad/tunnel/nest
2. T
She's built a new career for herself.
makecreateformdevelop|written, especially business evolve
build/make/create/form sth from out of sth
build/create/form a picture of past societies
build/develop/evolve a theory/framework/programme  
Synonyms:
build
construct assemble erect put sth up
These words all mean to make sth, especially by putting different parts together.
buildto make sth, especially a building, by putting parts together: a house built of stone They're going to build on the site of the old power station.
construct[often passive] (rather formal) to build sth such as a road, building or machine
assemble(rather formal) to fit together all the separate parts of sth such as a piece of furniture or a machine: The cupboard is easy to assemble.
erect(formal) to build sth; to put sth in position and make it stand upright: Police had to erect barriers to keep crowds back.
put sth upto build sth or place sth somewhere: They're putting up new hotels in order to boost tourism in the area.
to build/construct/erect/put up a house/wall
to build/construct/erect/put up some shelves
to build/construct/erect/put up a barrier/fence/shelter
to build/construct/assemble a(n) engine/machine
to build/construct a road/railway/railroad/tunnel
to erect/put up a tent/statue/monument  
Example Bank:
David built us a shed in the backyard.
She's built a new career for herself.
• They're going to build on the site of the old power station.

Derived: build on something  build somebody up  build something around something  build something in  build something into something  build something on  build something on something  build something onto something  build something up  build up  build up to something  build yourself up to something 

Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary

Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary - 4th Edition
 

build / bɪld / verb ( built , built )

A2 [ T or I ] to make something by putting bricks or other materials together:

They're building new houses by the river.

The birds built their nest in the tree.

These old houses are built (= made) of stone.

Contractors have started building on waste land near the town.

[ T ] to create and develop something over a long period of time:

We want to build a better future for our children.

Collins COBUILD Advanced Learner’s English Dictionary

build

[bɪ̱ld]
 
 builds, building, built

 1) VERB If you build something, you make it by joining things together.
  [V n] Developers are now proposing to build a hotel on the site...
  [V n] The house was built in the early 19th century...
  [V n] Workers at the plant build the F-16 jet fighter.
  Syn:
  construct
  Derived words:
  building N-UNCOUNT In Japan, the building of Kansai airport continues.
  built ADJ adv ADJ, ADJ for n, ADJ to-inf Even newly built houses can need repairs... It's a product built for safety. ...structures that are built to last.
 2) VERB If you build something into a wall or object, you make it in such a way that it is in the wall or object, or is part of it.
  [be V-ed into n] If the TV was built into the ceiling, you could lie there while watching your favourite programme.
 3) VERB If people build an organization, a society, or a relationship, they gradually form it.
  [V n] He and a partner set up on their own and built a successful fashion company...
  [V n] Their purpose is to build a fair society and a strong economy...
  [V n] I wanted to build a relationship with my team.
  Derived words:
  building N-UNCOUNT usu the N of n ...the building of the great civilisations of the ancient world.
 4) VERB If you build an organization, system, or product on something, you base it on it.
  [V n prep] We will then have a firmer foundation of fact on which to build theories...
  [V n prep] The town's nineteenth-century prosperity was built on steel.
 5) VERB If you build something into a policy, system, or product, you make it part of it.
  [V n into n] We have to build computers into the school curriculum...
  [V n into n] How much delay should we build into the plan?
  Syn:
  incorporate
 6) V-ERG To build someone's confidence or trust means to increase it gradually.
  [V n] The encouragement that young boys receive builds a greater self-confidence...
  [V n] Diplomats hope the meetings will build mutual trust...
  Usually when we're six months or so into a recovery, confidence begins to build.
 PHR-V-ERG
 Build up means the same as build. V P n (not pron) The delegations had begun to build up some trust in one another... Also V P to n V P We will start to see the confidence in the housing market building up again.
 7) VERB If you build on the success of something, you take advantage of this success in order to make further progress.
  [V on/upon n] Build on the qualities you are satisfied with and work to change those you are unhappy with...
  [V on/upon n] The new regime has no successful economic reforms on which to build.
 8) VERB If pressure, speed, sound, or excitement builds, it gradually becomes greater.
  Pressure built yesterday for postponement of the ceremony...
  [V to/into n] The last chords of the suite build to a crescendo.
 PHR-V-ERG
 Build up means the same as build. V P n (not pron) We can build up the speed gradually and safely... Also V P to n V P Economists warn that enormous pressures could build up, forcing people to emigrate westwards.
 9) N-VAR Someone's build is the shape that their bones and muscles give to their body.
  He's described as around thirty years old, six feet tall and of medium build...
  The authority of his voice is undermined by the smallness of his build.
  Syn:
  physique
 10) → See also building, built
  Phrasal Verbs:
  - build up
  - build up to

Merriam-Webster's Advanced Learner's Dictionary

Merriam-Webster's Advanced Learner's Dictionary: 

1build /ˈbɪld/ verb builds; built /ˈbɪlt/; build·ing
1 : to make (something) by putting together parts or materials

[+ obj]

• The house is built (out) of brick/logs.
• The bridge was built in the 1890s.
• The planes were built in Germany.
• The organization helps build houses for poor families.
building more powerful machines/computers/weapons
• A family of birds has built a nest on our roof.
• She started building a fire in the fireplace.
• He built a model airplane from a kit.
• He built a dollhouse for the children. = He built the children a dollhouse.

[no obj]

• You will need permission to build on your property.
2 [+ obj] : to develop or form (something) gradually
• I've started building a collection of rare books. [=I've started collecting rare books]
• They built the organization from scratch. = They built the organization from the ground/bottom up.
• They are building a legal case against the tobacco industry.
• scientists building theories about how the universe began
• At college, you'll build friendships that will last a lifetime.
• She built a successful career in advertising.
• He has built a reputation as a talented artist.
building a more peaceful world [=making the world more peaceful]
- often + up
Building up a successful business can take many years.
• She has built up a large collection of awards.
• We've been building up a savings account.
- see also build up (below)
3 [+ obj] : to increase the amount of (something)
• Lifting weights helps build muscle and increase strength.
• These programs are designed to help build confidence in young women.
• The advertisements are aimed at building support for political candidates.
• They thought the army would build character in their son. [=would make their son become a better person]
- often + up
• She runs a little farther every day to build up (her) endurance.
building up momentum/stamina/energy
• He's been trying to build up the courage/confidence to talk to her.
• These exercises will help you build up your strength.
- see also build up (below)
4 [no obj] : to grow or increase to a high point, level, number, etc.
• The excitement was beginning to build before the game.
• A crowd was building around the accident.
• The story slowly builds to a climax. [=the story slowly reaches a climax]
• Chemicals in the lake are building to dangerous levels.
- often + up
• As the water temperature rises, the pressure inside the pot begins to build up.
• Their passion/anger/fear/hatred has been building up for years.
- see also build up (below)
build around [phrasal verb] build (something) around (something) : to develop or organize (something) by using (something, such as an idea) as its main or central part
• We built our program around the idea that people need love and support.
• Their lives are built around their children. [=their children are the most important things in their lives]
• The textbook builds lessons around grammar topics.
build in/into [phrasal verb] build in (something) or build (something) in or build (something) in/into (something) : to make (something) a part of (something else)
• Carmakers are beginning to build in these new safety features as standard equipment. = Carmakers are building these new safety features into new cars as standard equipment.
• We've built bookshelves into the wall.
• These ideas are built into the program/system/design.
• There are special provisions for bonuses built into the contract.
- see also built-in
build on/upon [phrasal verb]
1 build on/upon (something) : to use (something that has been done in the past) as a basis for further work, development, etc.
• Each president builds on/upon the success of each past president.
• These classes will help students build on what they already know.
building upon past experiences/successes
2 build (something) on/upon (something) : to develop or create (something) by using (something else) as its basis
• He built [=based] his theory on recent studies.
• She has built her reputation as a talented artist on the strength of her earlier paintings.
• Their theory is built upon her research.
build onto [phrasal verb] build onto (something) or build (something) onto (something) : to add (a new room) to a structure that already exists
• They built a new garage onto their house.
• They built onto their house.
build up [phrasal verb]
1 : to increase gradually in amount as time passes : accumulate
• They pick up the garbage that builds up [=collects] along the highway.
• Dust has begun building up on his piano.
• These dangerous chemicals are building up in our lakes and ponds.
2 build (something or someone) up or build up (something or someone) : to say many good things about (something or someone)
• Political candidates are trying to build themselves up [=promote themselves] with public speeches and TV commercials.
• The movie was built up so much [=we heard so many good things about the movie] that we were disappointed when we actually saw it.

full

full [adjective] (COMPLETE)

[ before noun ] complete, whole, or containing a lot of detail

US /fʊl/ 
UK /fʊl/ 

کامل

مثال: 

Please give your full name and address.

Oxford Essential Dictionary

full

 adjective (fuller, fullest)

1 with a lot of people or things in it, so that there is no more space:
My glass is full.
The bus was full so we waited for the next one.
These socks are full of holes.

2 (British also full up) having had enough to eat:
'Would you like anything else to eat?' 'No thank you, I'm full.'

3 complete; with nothing missing:
Please tell me the full story.

4 as much, big, etc. as possible:
The train was travelling at full speed.

in full completely; with nothing missing:
Please write your name in full.

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English

full

I. full1 S1 W1 /fʊl/ BrE AmE adjective
[Language: Old English]
1. NO SPACE containing as much or as many things or people as possible, so there is no space left ⇨ empty:
The train was completely full.
Don’t talk with your mouth full.
The class is full, but you can register for next term.
full of
The kitchen was full of smoke.
be crammed/stuffed/packed etc full of something
Ted’s workshop was crammed full of old engines.
half-full/three-quarters full etc
McQuaid filled his glass until it was three-quarters full.
The bath was full to the brim (=completely full) with hot water.
full (up) to bursting British English informal (=completely full)
The filing cabinet was full to bursting.
REGISTER
In everyday English, people often say that a place is packed when it is full of people:
▪ The trains are always packed in the rush hour.
2. INCLUDING EVERYTHING [only before noun] complete and including all parts or details:
Please write your full name and address on the form.
The Health Centre offers a full range of services.
Lotus will not reveal full details until the Motor Show.
The BBC promised a full investigation.
I don’t think he’s telling us the full story (=everything he knows about the matter).
3. HIGHEST AMOUNT/LEVEL [only before noun] the greatest amount or highest level of something that is possible SYN maximum:
rising prosperity and full employment
The charity helps disabled children reach their full potential.
Few customers take full advantage of off-peak fares.
Parker was driving at full speed when he hit the wall.
in full leaf/bloom
The roses were now in full bloom.
4. HAVING A LOT OF SOMETHING be full of something
a) to contain many things of the same kind:
a garden full of flowers
His essay was full of mistakes.
The music papers were full of gossip about the band.
Life’s full of surprises, isn’t it?
b) to feel, express, or show a lot of a particular emotion or quality
full of excitement/energy/hope etc
Lucy was a happy child, always full of life.
He was full of praise for the work of the unit.
c) to talk or think a lot about a particular thing:
She was full of plans for the wedding.
5. FOOD (also full up British English) [not before noun] having eaten so much food that you cannot eat any more:
No more, thanks. I’m full.
6. EMPHASIS [only before noun] used to emphasize an amount, quantity, or rate
three/six etc full days/years/pages etc
We devote five full days a month to training.
His pants rose a full three inches off his shoes.
7. BUSY busy and involving lots of different activities:
Before her illness, Rose enjoyed a full life.
Go to bed. You’ve a full day tomorrow.
8. RANK having or giving all the rights, duties etc that belong to a particular rank or position
full professor/member/colonel etc
Only full members have the right to vote.
a full driving licence
9. be full of yourself to have a high opinion of yourself – used to show disapproval:
My first impression was that he was a bit full of himself.
10. be full of crap/shit/it not polite a rude expression used to say that someone often says things that are wrong or stupid:
Don’t listen to Jerry. He’s full of it.
11. CLOTHES made using a lot of material and fitting loosely:
a dress with a full skirt
12. BODY large and rounded in an attractive way
full figure/face/breasts etc
clothes for the fuller figure
13. TASTE having a strong satisfying taste:
Now you can enjoy Nescafé's fuller flavour in a decaffeinated form. ⇨ ↑full-bodied
14. SOUND pleasantly loud and deep:
the rich full sound of the cello
15. full price not a reduced price:
If you’re over 14, you have to pay full price.
16. in full view of somebody so that all the people in a place can see, especially when this is embarrassing or shocking:
The argument happened on stage in full view of the audience.
17. be in full swing if an event or process is in full swing, it has reached its highest level of activity:
By 8.30, the party was in full swing.
18. full speed/steam ahead doing something with as much energy and effort as possible:
With last season’s misery behind them, it’s full steam ahead for the Bears.
19. be full of beans to be excited and have lots of energy
20. (at) full blast informal as strongly, loudly, or quickly as possible:
The heater was on full blast but I was still cold.
a car stereo playing Wagner at full blast
21. (at) full tilt/pelt moving as fast as possible:
She ran full tilt into his arms.
22. be in full cry if a group of people are in full cry, they are criticizing someone very strongly:
Anyone who’s seen the world’s press in full cry can understand how Diana felt.
23. to the full (also to the fullest American English) in the best or most complete way:
Ed believes in living life to the full.
24. come/go/turn full circle to be in the same situation in which you began, even though there have been changes during the time in between:
Fashion has come full circle and denim is back.
⇨ ↑fully, ⇨ have your hands full at ↑hand1(29), ⇨ draw yourself up to your full height at ↑draw up(4)
• • •
THESAURUS
full containing as much or as many things or people as possible, so there is no space left: The train was nearly full. | The cupboard was full of clothes. | He spilled a full cup of coffee on the carpet.
filled with something full of something – use this about a container when a lot of things have been put into it: The envelopes were filled with cash.
stuffed full of something completely full of something – use this about a container when lots of things have been put into it, often in an untidy way: The case was stuffed full of clothes.
packed completely full of people – use this about a room, train etc: a packed restaurant | The courtroom will be packed with journalists.
bursting (with something) extremely full of something: Her wardrobe was bursting with coats and shoes. | a small garden bursting with fruit and flowers
crammed so full that you cannot fit anyone or anything else in – often used when you think there are too many people or things: In summer, the hotels are crammed with tourists. | The resort’s crammed beaches are uncomfortable in summer.
teeming (with something) /ˈtiːmɪŋ/ full of people, animals etc that are all moving around: The rivers are teeming with fish.
overflowing used about a container that is so full that the liquid or things inside it come out over the top: an overflowing bathtub | The drawers were overflowing with magazines.
overloaded used about a vehicle or a ship which has too many people or things in it: an overloaded fishing boat | The trucks are often grossly overloaded (=far too overloaded).

Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

full

full [full fulls fulled fulling fuller fullest] adjective, adverb   [fʊl]    [fʊl]

adjective (full·er, fullest

WITH NO EMPTY SPACE
1. ~ (of sth) containing or holding as much or as many as possible; having no empty space
a full bottle of wine
She could only nod, because her mouth was full.
My suitcase was full of books.
There were cardboard boxes stuffed full of clothes.

(BrE) Sorry, the hotel is full up tonight.  

HAVING A LOT

2. ~ of sth having or containing a large number or amount of sth
The sky was full of brightly coloured fireworks.
Life is full of coincidences.
Our new brochure is crammed full of inspirational ideas.
animals pumped full of antibiotics
• She was full of admiration for the care she had received.

• He smiled, his eyes full of laughter.  

TALKING A LOT

3. ~ of sth (of a person) thinking or talking a lot about a particular thing

• He was full of his new job and everything he'd been doing.  

WITH FOOD

4. (BrE also ˌfull ˈup) having had enough to eat
No more for me, thanks— I'm full up.
• The kids still weren't full, so I gave them an ice cream each.

• You can't run on a full stomach.  

COMPLETE

5. usually before noun complete; with nothing missing
Full details are available on request.
I still don't think we've heard the full story.
a full English breakfast
A full refund will be given if the item is faulty.
Fill in your full name and address.
The country applied for full membership of the European Union.
• It is too early to assess the full extent of the damage.

• They sell a full range of hair and beauty products.  

AS MUCH AS POSSIBLE

6. usually before noun to the highest level or greatest amount possible
Syn:  maximum
Many people don't use their computers to their full potential.
measures to achieve full employment
Students should take full advantage of the university's facilities.

• She came round the corner at full speed.  

BUSY

7. busy; involving a lot of activities
He'd had a very full life.

• Her life was too full to find time for hobbies.  

FOR EMPHASIS

8. only before noun used to emphasize an amount or a quantity

• She is a full four inches shorter than her sister.  

MOON

9. appearing as a complete circle
• The moon was full, the sky clear.

see also  full moon  

FAT

10. (of a person or part of the body) large and round. Full is sometimes used to avoid saying ‘fat’
• He kissed her full sensual lips.

• They specialize in clothes for women with a fuller figure.  

CLOTHES

11. made with plenty of cloth; fitting loosely

• a full skirt  

TONE/VOICE/FLAVOUR

12. deep, strong and rich
• He draws a unique full sound from the instrument.

• the full fruity flavour of the wine

Rem: Most idioms containing full are at the entries for the nouns and verbs in the idioms, for example full of the joys of spring is at joy.  
Word Origin:
Old English, of Germanic origin; related to Dutch vol and German voll.  
Thesaurus:
full adj.
1.
There were boxes full of clothes.
packedcrammedcrowded|informal stuffed|disapproving overcrowdedcongested
Opp: empty
full/packed/crammed/crowded/overcrowded/congested with sb/sth
packed/crammed/stuffed full of sb/sth
2.
We haven't heard the full story.
wholecompleteentiretotal
Opp: partial
a/an full/whole/complete/entire day/set
the full/whole/complete truth/story
full/complete details
3.
He led a very full life.
busyhecticeventful|especially BrE lively
Opp: empty
a/an full/busy/hectic/eventful day/weekend/week/life
a full/busy/hectic/lively programme
a full/busy/hectic schedule/timetable
Full, busy or hectic? Busy is the most general of these words. A period of time that is full is busy in a good way; if it is hectic then it is usually too busy,  
Example Bank:
Her wine glass was still fairly full.
I'm full up. I can't eat another thing.
The bottle was half full of mineral water.
The garage has got full of junk again.
The kitchen was absolutely full of flies!
The reservoirs are all virtually full.
He'd had a very full life.
I ordered a full English breakfast.
I still don't think we've heard the full story.
I've always believed in living life to the full.
Life is full of coincidences.
Many people don't use their computers to their full potential.
No more for me, thanks— I'm full up.
Our new brochure is crammed full of inspirational ideas.
She came round the corner at full speed.
Students should take full advantage of the college's facilities.
The kids still weren't full, so I gave them an ice cream each.
You shouldn't swim on a full stomach.
• measures to achieve full employment

Idioms: full of it  full of yourself  in full  the full 

Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary

Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary - 4th Edition
 

full / fʊl / adjective (CONTAINING A LOT)

A2 (of a container or a space) holding or containing as much as possible or a lot:

This cup is very full so be careful with it.

My plate was already full.

I tried to get in the cinema last night but it was full.

Don't talk with your mouth full!

The shelves were full of books.

When she looked at him her eyes were full of tears.

I tried to get on the 8.45 train but it was full (up) .

Don't fill your glass too full or you'll spill it.

The theatre was only half full.

A2 containing a lot of things or people or a lot of something:

This sweater is full of holes.

His essay was full of spelling errors.

I'm full of admiration for you.

You're always so full of energy.

involving a lot of activities:

I've got rather a full week next week - could we postpone our meeting?

She has a very full life.

be full of sth to be talking or thinking a lot about something that you have enjoyed or found exciting:

"Did the kids enjoy their trip to the zoo?" "Oh, yes, they were full of it when they got back this afternoon."

be full of your own importance disapproving to think and act as if you are very important:

Since he got his new job, he's been very full of his own importance.

be full of yourself C2 disapproving to think that you are very important in a way that annoys other people:

I can't stand her - she's so full of herself.
 

full / fʊl / adjective (COMPLETE)

A2 [ before noun ] complete, whole, or containing a lot of detail:

Please give your full name and address.

We do not yet have full details of the story.

Few journalists have managed to convey the full horror of the situation.

The full impact of the tax changes is yet to be felt.

Today's my last full day in Paris.

He unwound the rope to its full extent.

Are you a full member (= do you have all the membership rights) of the club?

Some plants need to be in full sun (= to have the sun shining on them) all the time.

in full B1 completely:

The bill must be paid in full by the end of the month.

in full flow If an activity is in full flow, it is happening fast and with energy:

Preparations for the event are now in full flow.

be in full swing If an event is in full swing, it has already been happening for a period of time and there is a lot of activity:

The party was in full swing by the time we arrived.

in full view able to be seen by other people:

Andy and Vicki had a furious row outside their house, in full view of the neighbours.
 

full / fʊl / adjective [ before noun ] (GREATEST POSSIBLE)

B1 the greatest possible:

James is very bright, but he doesn't make full use of his abilities.

Nobody got full marks (= all the answers right) in the spelling test.

It doesn't seem likely that we will see a return to full employment (= that all the people in the country will have a job) in the near future.
 

full / fʊl / adjective (FOOD)

B2 ( also full up ) having eaten so much food that you cannot eat any more:

No more cake for me, thanks, I'm full.

on a full stomach ( also full up ) having recently eaten:

Never go swimming on a full stomach.
 

full / fʊl / adjective (LARGE)

(of clothing) loose or containing a lot of material, or (of parts of the body) quite large and rounded:

a full skirt

Women often have full faces /become full in the face when they're pregnant.

She has wonderful full lips.

used to avoid saying 'fat':

They advertise clothes 'for the fuller figure '.
 

full / fʊl / adjective (STRONG)

(of a flavour, sound, smell, etc.) strong or deep:

This wine has a full fruity flavour.

A cello has a fuller sound than a violin.

Collins COBUILD Advanced Learner’s English Dictionary

full

/fʊl/
(fuller, fullest)

Frequency: The word is one of the 700 most common words in English.

1.
If something is full, it contains as much of a substance or as many objects as it can.
Once the container is full, it stays shut until you turn it clockwise.
...a full tank of petrol.
empty
ADJ

2.
If a place or thing is full of things or people, it contains a large number of them.
The case was full of clothes...
The streets are still full of debris from two nights of rioting.
...a useful recipe leaflet full of ideas for using the new cream.
= filled
ADJ: v-link ADJ of n

3.
If someone or something is full of a particular feeling or quality, they have a lot of it.
I feel full of confidence and so open to possibilities...
Mom’s face was full of pain.
...an exquisite mousse, incredibly rich and full of flavour.
ADJ: v-link ADJ of n

4.
You say that a place or vehicle is full when there is no space left in it for any more people or things.
The main car park was full when I left about 10.45...
They stay here a few hours before being sent to refugee camps, which are now almost full...
The bus was completely full, and lots of people were standing.
ADJ: usu v-link ADJ

5.
If your hands or arms are full, you are carrying or holding as much as you can carry.
Sylvia entered, her arms full of packages...
People would go into the store and come out with their arms full.
ADJ: v-link ADJ

6.
If you feel full, you have eaten or drunk so much that you do not want anything else.
It’s healthy to eat when I’m hungry and to stop when I’m full.
ADJ: v-link ADJ
full‧ness
High fibre diets give the feeling of fullness.
N-UNCOUNT

7.
You use full before a noun to indicate that you are referring to all the details, things, or people that it can possibly include.
Full details will be sent to you once your application has been accepted...
May I have your full name?...
= complete
ADJ: ADJ n

8.
Full is used to describe a sound, light, or physical force which is being produced with the greatest possible power or intensity.
From his study came the sound of Mahler, playing at full volume...
Then abruptly he revved the engine to full power.
ADJ: ADJ n

Full is also an adverb.
...a two-seater Lotus, parked with its headlamps full on.
ADV: ADV adv

9.
You use full to emphasize the completeness, intensity, or extent of something.
We should conserve oil and gas by making full use of other energy sources...
Television cameras are carrying the full horror of this war into homes around the world...
The lane leading to the farm was in full view of the house windows...
ADJ: ADJ n [emphasis]

10.
A full statement or report contains a lot of information and detail.
Mr Primakov gave a full account of his meeting with the President.
...the enormous detail in this very full document.
ADJ: usu ADJ n

11.
If you say that someone has or leads a full life, you approve of the fact that they are always busy and do a lot of different things.
You will be successful in whatever you do and you will have a very full and interesting life.
ADJ: usu ADJ n [approval]

12.
You use full to emphasize the force or directness with which someone or something is hit or looked at.
She kissed him full on the mouth...
ADV: ADV prep [emphasis]

13.
You use full to refer to something which gives you all the rights, status, or importance for a particular position or activity, rather than just some of them.
How did the meeting go, did you get your full membership?...
ADJ: ADJ n

14.
A full flavour is strong and rich.
Italian plum tomatoes have a full flavour, and are best for cooking.
ADJ: ADJ n

15.
If you describe a part of someone’s body as full, you mean that it is rounded and rather large.
The Juno Collection specialises in large sizes for ladies with a fuller figure.
...his strong chin, his full lips, his appealing mustache.
ADJ: usu ADJ n

16.
A full skirt or sleeve is wide and has been made from a lot of fabric.
My wedding dress has a very full skirt.
ADJ: usu ADJ n
full‧ness
The coat has raglan sleeves, and is cut to give fullness at the back.
N-UNCOUNT

17.
When there is a full moon, the moon appears as a bright, complete circle.
ADJ: usu ADJ n

18.
You say that something has been done or described in full when everything that was necessary has been done or described.
The medical experts have yet to report in full...
= fully
PHRASE: PHR after v

19.
If you say that a person knows full well that something is true, especially something unpleasant, you are emphasizing that they are definitely aware of it, although they may behave as if they are not.
He knew full well he’d be ashamed of himself later.
PHRASE: V inflects [emphasis]

20.
Something that is done or experienced to the full is done to as great an extent as is possible.
She probably has a good mind, which should be used to the full...
PHRASE: PHR after v

Merriam-Webster's Advanced Learner's Dictionary

Merriam-Webster's Advanced Learner's Dictionary: 

1full /ˈfʊl/ adj full·er; -est
1 : containing or holding as much or as many as possible
• a full bottle
• The disk is full.
• The plane was carrying a full load of passengers.
• The theater was full to capacity.
- often + of
• a bottle full of milk
• a bin full of corn
2 always used before a noun
a : not lacking anything : complete in number, amount, etc.
• We bought a full set of dishes.
• They waited for three full months.
• He has a full array of stereo equipment.
• The soldiers were wearing full combat gear.
• This will be his first full season with the team.
✦The phrase a full is often used to stress the large size of an amount.
• He won the match by a full seven strokes.
• It was a full three months before they made a decision.
• He's a full foot taller than his wife.
b : not limited in any way
• His theories have not yet found full acceptance.
• I have full [=complete] confidence in your honesty.
• I hope that you'll give us your fullest cooperation.
• Please give me your full attention.
• We need to take full advantage of this opportunity.
• She's expected to make a full recovery.
• They're not making full use of these resources.
• He's now a full member of the club. = He now has full membership in the club.
• the rights of full citizenship
• a full professor
• We're still waiting to hear the full story of what happened.
• She deserves full credit for meeting the deadline.
c : not reduced or shortened
• He doesn't like having to pay full price.
• We could feel the full impact of every bump.
• What is your full name?
d : existing or working at the highest or greatest degree : developed as much as possible
• The flowers were in full bloom.
• The machine was running at full power/speed.
• The factory is operating at full capacity.
• The tree has not yet reached full size.
• The stereo was at full volume. [=was playing as loudly as possible]
• After the meeting, he had a fuller understanding of the job.
• It'll be a few minutes before you feel the full effect of the drug.
• He hasn't yet realized his full potential as a writer.
3 a always used before a noun : including many things
• She has a full range of interests. [=she is interested in many different things]
• The store carries a full line of products.
b : involving many activities
• We have a full schedule of events planned.
• We have a full day of work ahead of us. : very active
• She lived a very full and satisfying life.
4 : having a rounded shape : not thin or narrow
• She has a full face.
• a woman with a full figure = a full-figured woman
full lips
5 : having or containing a great number or amount of something
• The room was full of pictures.
• Despite his problems, he was still full of hope.
full of enthusiasm
• food full of flavor
• He says the charges against him are full of lies.
6 a : having eaten all that is wanted
• No dessert for me, thank you. I'm full. [=(chiefly Brit) full up]
b always used before a noun : large enough to satisfy hunger
• I like to start the day with a full breakfast.
• a full meal
7 a : having a large amount of material
• a full skirt/dress
b : having a large amount of hair
• He has a full [=thick] head of hair.
• a full beard
8 : thinking of something all the time
• He was full of his own concerns.
✦If you are full of yourself, you think of yourself more than you should.
• She is certainly very full of herself.
9 : having a strong and pleasing quality
• a food/wine of full flavor
• His voice is a full, rich baritone.
10 of the moon : appearing as a bright circle
• The moon is full tonight.
full blast
- see 1blast
full count
- see 2count
full of beans
- see bean
full of crap/shit informal + offensive : not to be believed : saying things that are not true
• That guy is full of shit.
full of it informal + sometimes offensive : not to be believed
• His story was so exaggerated that I thought he was full of it.
• Oh, you're so full of it.
full steam/speed ahead
- used to say that something is being done with as much speed and power as possible
• The work started slowly, but now it's full steam ahead.
• The campaign is going full speed ahead.
have your hands full
- see 1hand
not playing with a full deck
- see 1deck
to the fullest : in a very active and energetic way
• She likes to live life to the fullest.
- full·ness also ful·ness noun [noncount]
• the fullness of her voice
• The conditioner added fullness to her hair.
• I expected it would happen in the fullness of time. [=it would happen eventually]

save

save [verb] (KEEP)

to keep something, especially money, for use in the future

US /seɪv/ 
UK /seɪv/ 

نگه داشتن، حفظ کردن

مثال: 

Tom's been saving his pocket money every week.

Oxford Essential Dictionary

save

 verb (saves, saving, saved )

1 to take somebody or something away from danger:
He saved me from the fire.
The doctor saved her life.

2 (also save up) to keep or not spend money so that you can buy something later:
I've saved enough money to buy a car.
I'm saving up for a new bike.

3 to keep something to use in the future:
Save some of the meat for tomorrow.

4 to use less of something:
She saves money by making her own clothes.

5 to stop somebody from scoring a goal, for example in football

6 (computing) to store information in a computer by giving it a special instruction:
Don't forget to save the file before you close it.

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English

save

I. save1 S1 W1 /seɪv/ BrE AmE verb
[Word Family: noun: ↑save, ↑saver, ↑saving, savings, SAVIOUR/SAVIOR; verb: ↑save]
[Date: 1200-1300; Language: Old French; Origin: salver, from Late Latin salvare, from Latin salvus; ⇨ ↑safe1]
1. FROM HARM/DANGER [transitive] to make someone or something safe from danger, harm, or destruction ⇨ rescue:
Emergency aid could save millions threatened with starvation.
a new treatment that could save his life
She was determined to save her marriage.
the campaign to save the rain forests
save somebody/something from something
He saved the child from drowning.
2. MONEY [intransitive and transitive] (also save up) to keep money in a bank so that you can use it later, especially when you gradually add more money over a period of time:
He managed to save enough to buy a small house.
So far, I’ve saved about £500.
save for
I’m saving up for a new car. ⇨ ↑saver
3. NOT WASTE [transitive] (also save on something) to use less money, time, energy etc so that you do not waste any OPP waste:
We’ll save a lot of time if we go by car.
Everyone is being encouraged to save energy.
ways to save money on heating bills
energy-saving/time-saving etc
money-saving ideas
4. TO USE LATER [transitive] to keep something so that you can use or enjoy it in the future:
We’ll save the rest of the food and have it later.
save something for something
I had a bottle of champagne which I’d been saving for a special occasion.
5. COLLECT [transitive] (also save something ↔ up) to keep all the objects of a particular kind that you can find, so that you can use them:
I’m saving up vouchers to get a cheap air ticket to the States.
6. HELP TO AVOID [transitive] to help someone by making it unnecessary for them to do something that they do not want to do:
If you lent me £5, it would save me a trip to the bank.
save somebody doing something
I’ll take the shopping home in the car to save you carrying it.
save somebody the trouble/bother (of doing something)
I’ll get a taxi from the station to save you the trouble of coming to collect me.
7. KEEP FOR SOMEBODY [transitive] to stop people from using something so that it is available for someone else:
Will you save me a seat?
save something for somebody
We’ll save some dinner for you if you’re late.
8. COMPUTER [intransitive and transitive] to make a computer keep the work that you have done on it:
Don’t forget to save before you close the file.
Did you save the changes that you made?
9. SPORT [intransitive and transitive] to stop the other team from scoring in a game such as football:
The goalkeeper just managed to save the shot.
10. you saved my life spoken used to thank someone who has helped you out of a difficult situation or solved a problem for you:
Thanks again for the loan – you really saved my life.
11. save sb’s skin/neck/bacon informal to help someone to escape from an extremely difficult or dangerous situation:
He lied in court to save his own skin.
12. save the day to stop things from going badly and make a situation end successfully:
A local businessman saved the day by donating £30,000 to the school.
13. save face to do something that will stop you from looking stupid or feeling embarrassed:
A compromise must be found which will allow both sides in the dispute to save face. ⇨ ↑face-saving
14. saving grace the one good thing that makes someone or something acceptable:
His sense of humour was his only saving grace.
15. somebody can’t do something to save his/her life informal to be completely unable to do something:
He couldn’t draw to save his life!
16. save your breath spoken used to tell someone that it is not worth saying anything, because nothing they say will make any difference to the situation:
I tried to explain, but she told me to save my breath.
17. save somebody from themselves to prevent someone from doing something that they want to do but that you think is harmful
18. RELIGION [intransitive and transitive] in the Christian church, to free someone from the power of evil and bring them into the Christian religion:
Jesus came to save sinners.
• • •
THESAURUS
save to gradually collect money by not spending all the money you have, especially when you regularly put some of it in a bank: She doesn’t earn much, but she still manages to save a few dollars each week. | We’re saving for a deposit to buy a house.
set/put aside to regularly save part of the money you earn, especially over a long period of time: You should start setting aside part of your earnings as retirement savings.
scrimp and save to try to save money by spending less on the things you need and by saving what you can, especially when you do not earn very much: My parents scrimped and saved for years to send me to college.
squirrel something away informal to keep something, especially money, in a safe place to be used later: I wanted to surprise her, so I squirreled away a couple of dollars a week to spend on a present.
economize to spend less money by buying only the things that you really need, or by buying cheaper things: Weddings can be expensive, but you can economize by doing some things yourself.

Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

save

save [save saves saved saving] verb, noun, preposition, conjunction   [seɪv]    [seɪv]

verb  

KEEP SAFE
1. transitive to keep sb/sth safe from death, harm, loss, etc
~ sb/sth to save sb's life
Doctors were unable to save her.
He's trying to save their marriage.
She needs to win the next two games to save the match.
(figurative) Thanks for doing that. You saved my life (= helped me a lot).
~ sb/sth (from sth) to save a rare species (from extinction)
• Money from local businesses helped save the school from closure.

~ sb/sth from doing sth She saved a little girl from falling into the water.  

MONEY

2. intransitive, transitive to keep money instead of spending it, especially in order to buy a particular thing
I'm not very good at saving.
~ (up) (for sth) I'm saving for a new bike.
We've been saving up to go to Australia.
~ sth (up) (for sth) You should save a little each week.

• I've saved almost £100 so far.  

COLLECT STH

3. transitive ~ sth to collect sth because you like it or for a special purpose
• I've been saving theatre programmes for years.

• If you save ten tokens you can get a T-shirt.  

KEEP FOR FUTURE

4. transitive to keep sth to use or enjoy in the future
~ sth (for sth/sb) He's saving his strength for the last part of the race.
We'll eat some now and save some for tomorrow.
• Save some food for me.

~ sb sth Save me some food.  

NOT WASTE

5. transitive, intransitive to avoid wasting sth or using more than necessary
~ sth We'll take a cab to save time.
Book early and save £50!
We should try to save water.
~ sth on sth The government is trying to save £1 million on defence.
~ sb sth (on sth) If we go this way it will save us two hours on the trip.

~ on sth I save on fares by walking to work.  

AVOID STH BAD

6. transitive to avoid doing sth difficult or unpleasant; to make sb able to avoid doing sth difficult or unpleasant
~ sb from doing sth The prize money saved her from having to find a job.
~ sth She did it herself to save argument.
~ sb sth Thanks for sending that letter for me— it saved me a trip.
~ doing sth He's grown a beard to save shaving.

~ sb doing sth If you phone for an appointment, it'll save you waiting.  

IN SPORT

7. transitive, intransitive ~ (sth) (in football ( soccer ), etc.) to prevent an opponent's shot from going in the goal
to save a penalty
• The goalie saved Johnson's long-range shot.

(BrE) The goalie saved brilliantly from Johnson's long-range shot.  

COMPUTING

8. transitive, intransitive ~ (sth) to make a computer keep work, for example by putting it on a disk
Save data frequently.
 
Word Origin:
v. and n. Middle English Old French sauver late Latin salvare Latin salvus ‘safe’
conj. and prep. Middle English Old French sauf sauve Latin salvo salva salvus ‘safe’ salvo jure, salva innocentia ‘with no violation of right or innocence’
 
Thesaurus:
save verb
1. T
They launched a campaign to save the school from closure.
rescuepreserveprotectdefendsafeguardbail sb out|formal, religion redeem
Opp: endanger
save/rescue/preserve/protect/defend/redeem sb/sth from sth
save/redeem sinners/mankind
save/preserve/protect/safeguard jobs
save/preserve/protect a species
2. I
I'm saving up for a new car.
budgeteconomizeskimp|informal tighten your belt
Opp: spend
save up/budget for sth
economize/skimp on sth
3. T
I've saved almost £100 so far.
put/set sth asidedepositbank
Opp: waste
save/put aside/deposit/bank money, £100, etc.
save/deposit cash
4. T
I'll save you a seat.
reservehold|especially BrE keep
save/reserve/hold/keep sth for sb/sth
save/reserve/hold/keep a seat/place for sb/sth
save/keep some food for sb
Save, reserve or keep? Reserve is used especially when sth is officially saved for sb/sth. Keep and save are more often used if sth is saved for you unofficially, for example by a friend.
5. T, I
We'll take a cab to save time.
formal conserve
Opp: waste
save/conserve energy/water/fuel  
Synonyms:
save
budget economize tighten your belt
These words all mean to spend less money.
saveto keep money instead of spending it, often in order to buy a particular thing: I'm saving for a new car.
budgetto be careful about the amount of money you spend; to plan to spend an amount of money for a particular purpose: If we budget carefully we'll be able to afford the trip.
economizeto use less money, time, etc. than you normally use
tighten your belt(rather informal) to spend less money because there is less available: With the price increases, we are all having to tighten our belts.
to save up/budget for sth
to have to save/budget/economize/tighten our belts
to try to/manage to save/budget/economize 
Synonyms:
save
rescue bail out redeem
These words all mean to prevent sb/sth from dying, losing sth, being harmed or embarrassed.
saveto prevent sb/sth from dying, being harmed or destroyed or losing sth: Doctors were unable to save him. a campaign to save the panda from extinction
rescueto save sb/sth from a dangerous or harmful situation: They were rescued by a passing cruise ship.
bail sb outto rescue sb/sth from a difficult situation, especially by providing money: Don't expect me to bail you out if it all goes wrong.
redeem(formal, religion) to save sb from the power of evil: He was a sinner, redeemed by the grace of God.
Redeem is also used in non-religious language in the phrase redeem a situation, which means to prevent a situation from being as bad as it might be.
to save/rescue/redeem sb/sth from sth
to save/rescue/redeem a situation
to save/redeem sinners/mankind
to rescue sb/bail sb out financially  
Example Bank:
Doctors battled to save the little boy's life.
He is responsible for saving the lives of the aircrew.
I'm saving up to buy a new car.
I'm trying to save up for my holiday.
It's a trick that might just save us from total disaster.
Nothing could save us from disaster.
She helped save my career.
The furniture was beyond saving.
They saved the paintings from destruction.
They're hoping to save on printing costs.
We managed to save the animals from being put down.
We scrimp and save to send our children to a private school.
We use video conferencing for our meetings, thereby saving thousands in travel expenses.
We're trying to save up for our honeymoon.
a last desperate attempt to save his marriage
He's saving his strength for the last part of the race.
I won't save you a seat if you're late.
I've saved some food for you.
We'll eat some now and save some for tomorrow.
Doctors were unable to save him.
Factory and farm managers were told to save electricity during peak hours.
Gerrard's late goal saved the day for Liverpool.
I'm not very good at saving.
I'm saving for a new bike.
I've saved almost £100 so far.
She tried to get the boy to run away and save himself, not try to help her.
She was fired, but she saved face by telling everyone she'd resigned.
Thanks for doing that— you saved my life!.
There's no doubt that the firefighters saved my daughter's life.
They're launching a campaign to save the eagle from extinction.
This new system could save us a lot of money.
We made one last attempt to save our marriage.
We'll take a cab to save time.
• We've been saving up to go to Australia.

Idioms: not be able to do something to save your life  save face  save somebody's neck  save the day  save your breath  save your skin 

Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary

Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary - 4th Edition
 

save / seɪv / verb (KEEP)

A2 [ I or T ] to keep something, especially money, for use in the future:

Tom's been saving his pocket money every week.

We're saving (up) for a new car.

I save all my old letters in case I want to read them again.

Save me a place at your table, will you?

A2 [ T ] to put information on a computer onto a computer disk
 

save / seɪv / verb (MAKE SAFE)

B1 [ T ] to stop someone or something from being killed, injured, or destroyed:

Wearing seat belts has saved many lives.

He fell in the river but his friend saved him from drown ing .

He had to borrow money to save his business.

He was desperately trying to save their failing marriage.

We all need to do our bit to save the planet .

The former tennis champion was now serving to save the match (= to win the next point so that the other player did not win this part of the competition) .

save sb's life B1 to stop someone from being killed informal to help someone escape from a difficult or unpleasant situation:

Thanks for helping me with that report - you saved my life!
 

save / seɪv / verb [ I or T ] (NOT WASTE)

B1 to prevent time, money, or effort being wasted or spent:

You'll save time if you take the car.

[ + two objects ] Thanks for your help - it saved me a lot of work.

[ + -ing verb ] I'll lend you a bag for your trip - it'll save you buy ing one specially.

informal Can you save it for later (= tell me your news later when I am less busy) ?
 

save / seɪv / verb [ T ] (SPORT)

B2 in football and similar games, to stop the ball from going into the goal when a player on the other team has kicked or hit it

Collins COBUILD Advanced Learner’s English Dictionary

save

/seɪv/
(saves, saving, saved)

Frequency: The word is one of the 1500 most common words in English.

1.
If you save someone or something, you help them to avoid harm or to escape from a dangerous or unpleasant situation.
...a final attempt to save 40,000 jobs in Britain’s troubled aero industry...
A new machine no bigger than a 10p piece could help save babies from cot death...
The national health system saved him from becoming a cripple.
VERB: V n, V n from n/-ing, V n from n/-ing
-saving
His boxing career was ended after two sight-saving operations.
COMB in ADJ

2.
If you save, you gradually collect money by spending less than you get, usually in order to buy something that you want.
The majority of people intend to save, but find that by the end of the month there is nothing left...
Tim and Barbara are now saving for a house in the suburbs...
They could not find any way to save money.
VERB: V, V for n, V n

Save up means the same as save.
Julie wanted to put some of her money aside for holidays or save up for something special...
People often put money aside in order to save up enough to make one major expenditure.
PHRASAL VERB: V P for n, V P n (not pron)

3.
If you save something such as time or money, you prevent the loss or waste of it.
It saves time in the kitchen to have things you use a lot within reach...
I’ll try to save him the expense of a flight from Perth...
I got the fishmonger to skin the fish which helped save on the preparation time.
waste
VERB: V n, V n n, V on n
-saving
...labor-saving devices.
COMB in ADJ

4.
If you save something, you keep it because it will be needed later.
Drain the beans thoroughly and save the stock for soup...
VERB: V n

5.
If someone or something saves you from an unpleasant action or experience, they change the situation so that you do not have to do it or experience it.
The scanner will save risk and pain for patients...
She was hoping that something might save her from having to make a decision...
He arranges to collect the payment from the customer, thus saving the client the paperwork.
VERB: V n, V n from n/-ing, V n n

6.
If you save data in a computer, you give the computer an instruction to store the data on a tape or disk. (COMPUTING)
Try to get into the habit of saving your work regularly...
Import your scanned images from the scanner and save as a JPG file.
VERB: V n, V as n

7.
If a goalkeeper saves, or saves a shot, they succeed in preventing the ball from going into the goal.
He saved one shot when the ball hit him on the head.
VERB: V n

Save is also a noun.
Spurs could have had several goals but for some brilliant saves from John Hallworth.
N-COUNT

8.
You can use save to introduce the only things, people, or ideas that your main statement does not apply to. (FORMAL)
There is almost no water at all in Mochudi save that brought up from bore holes.
= apart from
PREP

Save for means the same as save.
The parking lot was virtually empty save for a few cars clustered to one side.
= apart from
PREP-PHRASE

Merriam-Webster's Advanced Learner's Dictionary

Merriam-Webster's Advanced Learner's Dictionary: 

1save /ˈseɪv/ verb saves; saved; sav·ing
1 [+ obj]
a : to keep (someone or something) safe : to stop (someone or something) from dying or being hurt, damaged, or lost
• He risked his life to save his friend (from drowning).
• The organization is dedicated to saving [=protecting] endangered animals.
• We need to save the rain forests (from destruction).
• He grabbed her arm to save her from falling. [=to stop/prevent her from falling so that she would not be hurt]
• The doctors managed to save the soldier's wounded leg. [=to keep the leg from having to be cut off]
b : to stop (something) from ending or failing : to make (something that is in danger of failing) successful
• He is trying to save his marriage by going to counseling for his drug addiction.
• The new CEO saved the company (from bankruptcy).
• She saved a tense situation by staying calm.
2 : to keep (something) from being lost or wasted

[+ obj]

• This new plan will help us save time. = The new plan will save us some time.
• Thinner computer monitors save space.

[no obj]

- + on
• A more efficient furnace will save on energy.
3 a : to keep money instead of spending it : to put money away especially in a bank so that you will have it in the future

[no obj]

• She would rather save than spend.
• He has been saving (up) for a new car.

[+ obj]

Save a little money for later.
• She saves part of her pay every week.
• I saved $20,000 for a down payment on the house.
b : to spend less money

[no obj]

• Buy now and save!
- often + on
Save on everything in the store!
• He saved on [=spent less money for] his car insurance by switching to a different insurance company.

[+ obj]

• She saved $15 at the grocery store by using coupons.
- often + on
• We're trying to save money on our electric bill.
4 [+ obj]
a : to keep (something) available for use in the future
• Be sure to save some cookies for your sister.
• You need to save (up) your energy for tomorrow.
• He saves his best jacket for special occasions. [=he only wears his best jacket on special occasions]
• The runners saved their energy for the last lap. = The runners saved themselves for the last lap.
b : to keep (something) for someone to use or have
• She saved a seat for her friend.
• Please save the next dance for me. = Please save me the next dance. [=please don't plan to dance the next dance with anyone but me]
5 [+ obj] : to make (something) unnecessary
• Check that you have everything before you leave. It will save your having to go back again.
• The shortcut saves an hour's driving.
6 [+ obj] : to keep (someone) from doing something
• Thanks for sending out that package. It saved me a trip to the post office.
• I'll make the appointment for you to save you the trouble/bother. [=so that you don't have to do it yourself]
- often + from
• You should cut up the vegetables to save you from doing it later when the guests are here.
7 [+ obj] : to collect or keep (something)
• She saved all his letters.
8 : to store (data) in a computer or on a storage device (such as a CD) so that it can be used later

[+ obj]

• You should save your work on/to a disk.
save a file

[no obj]

• Don't forget to save before you close the file.
9 [+ obj] sports
a : to stop (an opponent's shot) from scoring a goal
• He saved the penalty kick/shot.
b : to keep (a game) from being lost to an opponent
• The relief pitcher saved the game.
10 in Christianity : to protect or free (someone) from sin or evil

[+ obj]

• He believes that Jesus Christ will save him.

[no obj]

• Jesus saves.
a penny saved (is a penny earned)
- see penny
save face
- see 1face
save someone's bacon/hide/neck/skin informal : to save someone : to help someone get out of a dangerous or difficult situation
• You really saved my bacon by helping out yesterday.
• He doesn't care what happens to us. All he's worried about is saving his own skin/neck. [=saving himself]
save someone's life
1 or save a life : to stop (someone) from dying or being killed : to rescue (someone) who is in terrible danger
• She thanked the firefighters who saved her life. [=rescued her]
• a surgical procedure that has saved the lives of thousands of people
• The use of seat belts can save lives.
• If you donate blood, you might save a life.
2 informal : to help (someone) in an important way - often used to thank someone who helped you
• Thanks for covering for me. You really saved my life.
save the day : to make a bad situation end successfully
• Just when things looked hopeless, my brother came along and saved the day.
save your breath
- see breath
to save your life informal
✦If you cannot do something to save your life, you are completely unable to do it.
• She can't sing to save her life. [=she is a very bad singer]

zero

zero [number]

(the number) 0; nothing

US /ˈzɪr.oʊ/ 
UK /ˈzɪə.rəʊ/ 

صفر

مثال: 

The number one million is written with a one and six zeros.

Oxford Essential Dictionary

zero

 noun (plural zeros or zeroes)

1 the number 0

2 freezing point; 0°C:
The temperature is five degrees below zero.

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English

zero

I. zero1 /ˈzɪərəʊ $ ˈziːroʊ/ BrE AmE number (plural zeros or zeroes)
[Date: 1600-1700; Language: French; Origin: zéro, from Arabic sifr 'empty, nothing']
1. the number 0 SYN nought British English:
Make x greater than or equal to zero.
2. the point between + and – on a scale for measuring something, or the lowest point on a scale that shows how much there is left of something:
The petrol gauge was already at zero.
3. a temperature of 0º on the Celsius or Fahrenheit scale
above/below zero
It was five degrees below zero last night. ⇨ ↑absolute zero, ↑sub-zero
4. none at all, or the lowest possible amount
sb’s chances are zero (=they have no chance of success)
Mike’s chances of winning are virtually zero.
From 1971 to 1976 West Vancouver experienced zero population growth.
• • •
THESAURUS
zero the number 0. Also used when saying there is nothing at all: A million is written as one followed by six zeros. | a temperature of zero degrees | Our chances of success are virtually zero.
nil British English zero - used especially in the results of sports games: United won the game three-nil. | In rural areas, employment opportunities are almost nil.
nought British English spoken zero – used in calculations and figures: It has increased by nought point seven five per cent (=0.75%).
O used to say the number 0 like the letter O: The code for Oxford is 0 one eight six five (=01865).

Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

zero

zero [zero zeros] number, verb   [ˈzɪərəʊ]    [ˈzɪroʊ]    [ˈziːroʊ]

number
1. (pl. zeros) (BrE also nought) 0

Five, four, three, two, one, zero… We have lift-off.

2. a temperature, pressure, etc. that is equal to zero on a scale
It was ten degrees below zero last night (= −10°C).

The thermometer had fallen to zero.

3. the lowest possible amount or level; nothing at all
I rated my chances as zero.
zero inflation  
Word Origin:
early 17th cent.: from French zéro or Italian zero, via Old Spanish from Arabic ṣifr ‘cipher’.

Derived: zero in on somebody 

Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary

Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary - 4th Edition
 

zero / ˈzɪə.rəʊ /   / ˈzɪr.oʊ / number ( plural zeros )

A2 [ C or U ] (the number) 0; nothing:

Five, four, three, two, one, zero.

The number one million is written with a one and six zeros.

Heavy rain has reduced visibility almost to zero (= its lowest point) .

B1 [ U ] on a set of numbers for comparing temperature in degrees Celsius, the level of temperature at which water freezes:

The temperature is expected to drop to ten degrees below zero tonight.

Collins COBUILD Advanced Learner’s English Dictionary

zero

[zɪ͟əroʊ]
 zeros, zeroes (plural & 3rd person present), zeroing, zeroed
 1) NUM Zero is the number 0.
  Visibility at the city's airport came down to zero, bringing air traffic to a standstill.
  ...a scale ranging from zero to seven.
  Syn:
  nought, nil
 2) N-UNCOUNT Zero is a temperature of 0°. It is freezing point on the Centigrade and Celsius scales, and 32° below freezing point on the Fahrenheit scale.
  It's a sunny late winter day, just a few degrees above zero...
  That night the mercury fell to thirty degrees below zero.
 3) ADJ You can use zero to say that there is none at all of the thing mentioned.
  This new ministry was being created with zero assets and zero liabilities.
  ...zero inflation...
  His chances are zero.

Merriam-Webster's Advanced Learner's Dictionary

Merriam-Webster's Advanced Learner's Dictionary: 

1ze·ro /ˈziroʊ/ noun, pl ze·ros also ze·roes
1 : the number 0

[count]

• One million is a one with six zeros [=(Brit) noughts] after it.

[noncount]

• Two minus two equals zero.
2 [noncount] : the temperature shown by the zero mark on a thermometer
• It's supposed to fall below zero tonight.
• The temperature is 10° above/below zero.
- see also absolute zero, subzero
3 [noncount] : nothing at all
• They are working to reduce the mortality rate to zero.
• Her contribution to the project was close to zero. [=she did almost nothing on the project]
• The car can go from zero to 60 in 10 seconds. [=from not moving at all to going 60 miles per hour in 10 seconds]
• (informal) I know zero [=nada, zilch] about fixing computers.
• You'll have to start from zero [=from scratch] if you can't find your notes.
4 [count] informal : a person who is not important, interesting, popular, etc. - usually singular
• Her new boyfriend's a real zero. [=loser]

leave

leave [verb] (NOT TAKE)

to not take something or someone with you when you go, either intentionally or by accident

US /liːv/ 
UK /liːv/ 

جا گذاشتن، گذاشتن

مثال: 

Hey, you've left your keys on the table.

ببین،‌ کلیدهایت را روی میز جا گذاشتی.

Oxford Essential Dictionary

verb (leaves, leaving, left /, has left)

1 to go away from a place or a person:
The train leaves at 8.40.
At what age do most people leave school in your country?
We are leaving for France tomorrow.

2 to let somebody or something stay in the same place or in the same way:
Leave the door open, please.

3 to forget to bring something with you:
I left my books at home.
I can't find my glasses. Maybe I left them behind at work.

4 to make something stay; to not use something:
Leave some cake for me!

5 to give something to somebody when you die:
She left all her money to her two sons.

6 to give the responsibility for something to another person:
I'll leave it to you to organize the food.

be left to still be there after everything else has gone:
There is only one piece of cake left.

leave somebody or something alone to not touch, annoy or speak to somebody or something:
Leave me alone – I'm busy!
Leave that bag alone – it's mine!

leave somebody or something out to not put in or do something; to not include somebody or something:
The other children left him out of the game.
I left out question 3 in the exam because it was too difficult.

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English

leave

I. leave1 S1 W1 /liːv/ BrE AmE verb (past tense and past participle left /left/)
[Language: Old English; Origin: læfan]
1. GO AWAY [intransitive and transitive] to go away from a place or a person:
My baby gets upset when I leave the room.
Before leaving the train, make sure you have all your belongings with you.
Leave the motorway at Junction 7.
leave at
The plane leaves at 12.30.
leave for
I tried calling him, but he’d already left for work.
leave (something/somebody) soon/now/later etc
If he left immediately, he’d catch the 7.30 train.
leave (something/somebody) to do something
Frances left work early to meet her mother.
leave somebody doing something
Never leave children playing near water unattended.
leave somebody to something
I’ll leave you to it (=go away and let you continue with what you are doing).
My youngest boy has not left my side (=has stayed near me) since his daddy was killed.
leave somebody in peace (=go away from someone so that they can think, work etc alone)
Just a few more questions, then we’ll leave you in peace.
2. STOP [intransitive and transitive] if you leave your job, home, school etc, you permanently stop doing that job, living at home etc:
Over the past two years, 20 staffers have left.
leave home/school/college etc
How old were you when you left home (=your parents’ home)?
My daughter got a job after she left school.
The lawsuit will be postponed until the president leaves office.
leave a job/country/Spain etc
Many missionaries were forced to leave the country.
It seems that Tony has left the band for good (=permanently).
leave (somebody/something) to do something
Laura left her native England to live in France.
3. leave somebody/something alone
a) to stop annoying or upsetting someone:
Oh, just leave me alone, will you?
Leave the boy alone, he can make up his own mind.
b) to go away from someone so that they are on their own:
Six-year-old Gemma had been left alone in the house.
c) to stop touching something:
Leave that alone. You’ll break it.
d) (also leave well (enough) alone) to stop being involved in or trying to change a situation:
Why can’t they just leave well alone and let us concentrate on teaching?
4. LET SOMETHING/SOMEBODY STAY [transitive always + adverb/preposition] to make or allow something or someone to stay in a place when you go away
leave something/somebody in/with/behind etc
Are you leaving the kids with Grandma on Saturday?
As soon as I’d shut the door, I realized I’d left the keys inside.
Did anybody leave a jacket behind last night?
She left her son in the care of a friend.
leave somebody to do something
He left Ruth to find her own way home.
Students were left to their own devices (=left alone and allowed to do whatever they wanted) for long periods.
leave somebody for dead
The girl had been attacked and left for dead.
5. NOT CHANGE/MOVE SOMETHING [transitive] to let something remain in a particular state, position, or condition
leave something on/off/out etc
You’ve left your lights on.
She must have left the phone off the hook.
leave something open/empty/untidy etc
I wish you’d stop leaving the door open.
The trial left many questions unanswered.
leave a space/gap etc
Leave the next two lines blank for the tutor’s comments.
Drivers should always leave room for cyclists.
leave something doing something
I’ll just leave the engine running while I go in.
Don’t leave tools lying about.
leave something to do something
Leave the pots to soak overnight.
6. RESULT OF ACCIDENT/ILLNESS/EVENT [transitive] if an event, accident, illness etc leaves you in a particular condition, you are in that condition because of it:
An explosion at a chemical plant has left one worker dead and four injured.
leave somebody with something
Although the infection cleared up, he was left with a persistent cough.
leave somebody doing something
The incident left her feeling confused and hurt.
The announcement has left shareholders nursing huge losses.
7. be left (also have something left) if something is left, it remains after everything else has gone, been taken away, or used:
I’ve only got a few dollars left.
There were a couple of seats left at the back.
We don’t have much time left.
He pointed to what was left of the house (=used when very little is left).
All that was left was a pile of bones.
be left over
After we’ve paid the bills, there’s never much left over.
They ate some bread rolls left over from the night before.
8. LETTER/MESSAGE/THING [transitive] to deliver a message, note, package etc for someone or put it somewhere so that they will get it later:
She left a message on his answerphone.
leave somebody something
Can you leave me some money for the bus?
leave something with somebody
Ian left this note with me.
leave something for somebody
A guy left these flowers for you.
9. DELAY [transitive] to not do something or to do it later than you intended:
Leave the dishes. I’ll do them later.
So much had been left undone.
leave something until the last minute/until last
If you leave your preparation until the last minute, you’ll reduce your chances of passing.
I left the best bit until last.
I want to think about it. Can I leave it for now?
I’m afraid you’ve left it too late to change your ticket.
leave it at that (=used to say that you will not do any more of something, because you have done enough)
Let’s leave it at that for today.
10. LET SOMEBODY DECIDE/BE RESPONSIBLE [transitive] to let someone else decide something or be responsible for something
leave something to somebody
Leave it to me. I’ll make sure it gets posted.
The choice of specialist subject is left entirely to the students.
leave it (up) to somebody to do something
I’ll leave it up to you to decide.
She leaves it to the reader to draw their own conclusions.
leave doing something to somebody
Is it okay if I leave writing the results to you?
leave something with somebody
Leave it with me, I’ll fix it for you.
He’s not the sort to leave things to chance (=take no action and just wait to see what happens).
leave somebody with no choice/option (=force someone to take a particular action)
You leave me with no choice but to fire you.
leave somebody to do something British English:
Clive moved to London, leaving Edward to run the Manchester office.
11. HUSBAND/WIFE ETC [intransitive and transitive] to stop living with or having a relationship with your husband, partner etc:
Martha was always threatening to leave, but I never believed her.
leave somebody for somebody
Mr Rushworth left his partner of 10 years for a younger woman.
12. WHEN YOU DIE [transitive]
a) to arrange for someone to receive your money, property etc after you die SYN bequeath:
Aunt Alice died, leaving almost $5 million.
leave somebody something
Hugo left me his mother’s ring.
In his will, he had left all his children a small sum of money.
leave something to somebody/something
Have you thought of leaving a gift to charity after you die?
b) leave a wife/children etc used when someone dies before their wife, children etc:
PC Davis leaves a wife and three small children.
13. MARK [transitive] to make a mark that remains afterwards
leave a mark/stain/scar etc
The wine had left a permanent mark on the tablecloth.
He staggered to the door, leaving a trail of blood.
Make sure that you don’t leave any footprints.
14. NOT EAT/DRINK [transitive] if you leave food or drink that you have been given, you do not eat or drink it:
‘I’m really hungry now.’ ‘That’s because you left half your lunch.’
He rose from the table, leaving his brandy untouched.
15. leave somebody/something standing (also leave somebody/something in the dust American English) informal to be much better, quicker, more successful etc than someone or something else:
In terms of fitness, he discovered that Kate left him standing.
16. leave a lot/something/much to be desired to be very unsatisfactory:
Inspectors say health and safety procedures at the factory leave a lot to be desired.
17. MATHEMATICS [transitive] in a sum, to have a particular amount remaining:
Three from seven leaves four.
18. leave something aside/to one side to not think about or consider one part of something for a time, so that you can consider another part of it:
Leaving aside for a moment the question of expense, what would your view be of the suggested changes?
19. leave somebody/something be old-fashioned to not upset, speak to, or annoy someone or to not touch something
20. leave go/hold of something British English spoken informal to stop holding something
21. leave it to somebody (to do something) American English spoken informal used to say that no one should be surprised that someone does something, because it is typical or expected of them:
Leave it to you to have the whole day planned out!
22. Elvis/somebody/something has left the building especially American English informal used humorously to emphasize that something is definitely over or that someone has gone and will not return
somebody can take it or leave it at ↑take1(21), ⇨ be left holding the baby/bag at ↑hold1(26)
• • •
THESAURUS
■ to leave a place
leave: Just as I was leaving the house, the phone rang. | We left early to avoid the traffic.
go especially spoken to leave somewhere: Come on, boys, it’s time to go. | When does the next bus go?
set off especially British English to leave somewhere and begin a journey: The following day we set off for Vienna.
take off if a plane takes off, it leaves the ground at the beginning of a flight: Our plane took off late because of the fog.
emigrate to leave your own country in order to live permanently in another country: In 2002, his family emigrated to New Zealand.
depart formal to leave – used especially about trains, buses, planes etc: Coaches depart for the airport every 30 minutes.
■ to leave school/college etc
leave especially British English to finish studying at school or college, usually at the age or time when people normally finish: When James left school, he worked for a while with his father. | She found it hard to get a job after leaving university.
graduate to successfully finish your studies at a college or university, or at an American high school: Kelly graduated from Harvard with a degree in East Asian Studies. | Approximately 80% of Americans graduate from high school.
drop out to leave school, college, or university before your course of study has finished, because you do not want to continue with it: I failed my first year exams and decided to drop out and get a job.
quit American English to leave school without finishing your course of study: He quit school at fourteen to work and help support his family.
■ leave your job
leave: I left my last job because the salary was so low. | Why don’t you just leave?
quit to leave your job permanently because you are not happy with it: After enduring months of harassment, Mrs Collins decided to quit her job. | I’ve told them I’m quitting.
resign to officially announce that you have decided to leave your job: The company director was forced to resign over the scandal.
hand in your notice/resignation to write an official letter to your employer saying that you are going to leave your job on a particular date: You have to hand in your notice at least four weeks before you leave.
retire to leave your job in order to stop working permanently, usually because you have reached the age when most people stop working: After forty years of working for the bank, Karl retired in May. | He had to retire because of ill health.
leave somebody/something ↔ behind phrasal verb
1. to not take someone or something with you when you leave a place:
I think I might have left my wallet behind.
He departed for Washington, leaving the children behind with their mother.
2. if a person, country, or organization is left behind, they do not develop as quickly or make as much progress as other people, countries etc:
In class, a child with poor eyesight can soon get left behind.
a fear of being left behind by better-organized rivals
3. (also leave somebody/something behind you) to permanently stop being involved with a person, place or situation:
It’s time to leave the past behind.
Although Armstrong overcame the circumstances of his birth, he never really left New Orleans behind.
4. (also leave somebody/something behind you) to move away from someone or something:
They had left the city behind and were heading into open country.
Sarah, with her long legs, soon left the rest of us far behind.
5. (also leave something behind you) to produce a thing or situation that remains after you have gone:
He drove off, leaving behind him a trail of blue smoke.
the mess the previous government left behind
leave off phrasal verb
1. to stop doing something
take up/pick up/continue (something) etc where somebody left off (=continue something that has stopped for a short time)
Barry took up the story where Justine had left off.
leave off doing something British English informal:
‘Will you leave off nagging?’ he snarled.
2. leave somebody/something off (something) to not include something such as someone’s name in a list or other document:
Why was her name left off the list?
leave somebody/something ↔ out phrasal verb
1. to not include someone or something:
She outlined the case to him, being careful not to leave anything out.
leave somebody/something out of something
Kidd has been left out of the team.
2. be/feel left out to feel that you are not accepted or welcome in a situation:
New fathers often feel left out when baby arrives.
3. leave it out! British English spoken used to tell someone to stop lying, pretending, or being annoying

Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

leave

leave [leave leaves left leaving] verb, noun   [liːv]    [liːv] 

verb (left, left   [left]  ;   [left]  

 

PLACE/PERSON
1. intransitive, transitive to go away from a person or a place
Come on, it's time we left.
~ for… The plane leaves for Dallas at 12.35.
~ sth I hate leaving home.

• The plane leaves Heathrow at 12.35.  

 

HOME/JOB/SCHOOL
2. intransitive, transitive to stop living at a place, belonging to a group, working for an employer, etc
• My secretary has threatened to leave.

~ sth (BrE) Some children leave school at 16.  

 

 

WIFE/HUSBAND
3. transitive ~ sb (for sb) to leave your wife, husband or partner permanently

• She's leaving him for another man.  

 

STH TO DO LATER
4. transitive to not do sth or deal with sth immediately
~ sth Leave the dishes— I'll do them later.

~ sth until… Why do you always leave everything until the last moment?  

 

SB/STH IN CONDITION/PLACE
5. transitive to make or allow sb/sth to remain in a particular condition, place, etc
~ sb/sth (+ adj.) Leave the door open, please.
The bomb blast left 25 people dead.
~ sb/sth doing sth Don't leave her waiting outside in the rain.

~ sb/sth to do sth Leave the rice to cook for 20 minutes.

6. transitive to make sth happen or remain as a result
~ sth Red wine leaves a stain.
~ sb with sth She left me with the impression that she was unhappy with her job.

~ sb sth I'm afraid you leave me no choice.

7. be left transitive to remain to be used, sold, etc
Is there any coffee left?
How many tickets do you have left?
~ of sth (figurative) They are fighting to save what is left of their business.

~ to sb The only course of action left to me was to notify her employer.

8. transitive to go away from a place without taking sth/sb with you
~ sth/sb (+ adv./prep.) I've left my bag on the bus.
~ sth/sb behind Don't leave any of your belongings behind.

• He wasn't well, so we had to leave him behind.  

 

MATHEMATICS
9. transitive ~ sth to have a particular amount remaining

• Seven from ten leaves three.  

 

AFTER DEATH
10. transitive ~ sb to have family remaining after your death

• He leaves a wife and two children.

11. transitive to give sth to sb when you die
Syn:  bequeath
~ sth (to sb) She left £1 million to her daughter.

~ sb sth She left her daughter £1 million.  

 

RESPONSIBILITY TO SB
12. transitive to allow sb to take care of sth
~ sb/sth + adv./prep. You can leave the cooking to me.
She left her assistant in charge.
Leave it with me — I'm sure I can sort it out.
‘Where shall we eat?’ ‘I'll leave it entirely (up) to you (= you can decide).’
• They left me with all the clearing up.

~ sb/sth to do sth I was left to cope on my own.  

 

DELIVER
13. transitive to deliver sth and then go away
~ sth (for sb) Someone left this note for you.

~ sb sth Someone left you this note.

Rem: Most idioms containing leave are at the entries for the nouns and adjectives in the idioms, for example leave sb in the lurch is at lurch.
more at sb can take it or leave it at  take 
 
Word Origin:
v. Old English lǣfan ‘bequeath’ ‘allow to remain, leave in place’ Germanic German bleiben ‘remain’
n. Old English lēaf ‘permission’ West Germanic lief love
 
Thesaurus:
leave verb
1. I, T
Come on— it's time we left.
gogo awayget awaygo offset offtake offstart|especially BrE be/go on your way|especially BrE, spoken be off|especially AmE, spoken get out of here|formal departexit
Opp: arrive, Opp: enter
leave/go/go away/get away/set off/take off/start/depart/exit from sb/sth
leave/go/go away/get away/go off/set off/take off/start/be on your way/depart at 9 a.m./midnight, etc.
be ready/about/going to leave/go/go away/set off/take off/start/depart
Leave or go away? Leave is used in ways that emphasize the act or time of leaving sb/sth; go away emphasizes the need or desire of the speaker to be somewhere else or for another person to be somewhere else.
2. T, I
Villagers left to seek work in the towns.
movemove outquitrelocateemigratemigrate
Opp: stay on
move/move out/relocate/emigrate/migrate from to
leave/quit your home/school/college/job
threaten to leave/move out/quit
decide/plan/want to leave/move/move out/quit/relocate/emigrate
3. I, T
Workers are threatening to leave.
resigngive in/hand in your noticeretirestep downstand down|informal quit|AmE business depart
Opp: stay on
leave/resign from/reitre from/step down from/stand down from/quit/depart a post/position
decide to leave/resign/hand in your notice/retire/step down/stand down/quit
be ready/going to leave/resign/retire/step down/stand down/quit
4. T
She's leaving him for another man.
abandondesertstrandturn your back on sb/sthneglect|informal dumpwalk out (on sb)
leave/desert/dump sb for sb else
leave/abandon/desert/neglect/dump/walk out on a husband/wife
leave/abandon/desert/dump a lover
abandon/desert/neglect a child
5. T
I left my bag on the bus.
loseforget|especially BrE, formal mislay
leave/lose/forget/mislay your keys/wallet/bag
6. T
She left £1 million to her daughter in her will.
pass sth on|formal bequeath
leave/pass on/bequeath sth to sb
leave/pass on/bequeath a/an legacy/property/estate
leave/bequeath (sb) your money/art collection
7. T
Leave the cooking to me.
hand sth overrefer sb/sth to sb/sthdelegate|especially AmE turn sth over to sb|formal entrust
leave/hand over/turn over/refer/delegate/entrust sth to sb
leave/entrust sb with sth
leave/hand over/turn over/delegate the task/job/responsibility/management of sth to sb 
Example Bank:
Did you want something? I was just about to leave.
I wanted to leave but they wouldn't let me.
They left for Scotland this morning.
They were being extremely rowdy and the manager had to ask them leave.
They were caught trying to leave the country.
We were all packed and ready to leave.
Are you ready to leave yet?
Come on— it's time we left.
Don't leave any of your belongings behind.
He had left the organization some years before.
He wasn't well, so we had to leave him behind.
Hundreds of villagers have already left to seek work in the towns.
I leave it to you to decide what order to do things in.
I left my bag on the bus.
I worked in Hong Kong after I left university.
I've left my phone somewhere but I can't remember where.
If we leave now, we should make it in time.
John says he left the restaurant at around midnight.
Leave it with me — I'm sure I can sort it out.
My assistant is threatening to leave.
She claims she was forced to leave her job after she became pregnant.
She left school at 14 with no qualifications.
She refused to leave until she had talked to an officer.
She's leaving him for another man.
The family had left in a hurry, leaving all their belongings behind.
They got into an argument and were asked to leave.
Too many teachers are leaving the profession for higher-paid jobs.
Idioms: by your leave  leave go  leave it at that  leave it out  take leave  take leave of your senses  without a by your leave; without so much as a by your leave

Derived: leave off  leave somebody behind  leave somebody off  leave somebody out  leave something aside  left over 

Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary

leave

leave (GOODBYE) /liːv/
noun
take leave to say goodbye:
He decided the time had come to take leave of his home town.

 

leave (HOLIDAY) /liːv/
noun [U]
time permitted away from work for holiday or illness:
How much annual/paid leave do you get?
She's (gone) on leave (= holiday).
I've asked if I can take a week's unpaid leave.

 

leave (PERMISSION) /liːv/
noun [U] FORMAL
permission or agreement:
He did it without (my) leave.
[+ to infinitive] Did you get leave to do that?

 

leave (GIVE RESPONSIBILITY) /liːv/
verb [T] left, left
to allow someone to make a choice or decision about something, or to make someone responsible for something:
I left the decision (up) to her.
[+ to infinitive] I left it to her to make the decision.
Leave it (= the problem) with me, I'll see what I can do.
I'll leave it to chance (= wait and see what happens without planning).

 

leave (STOP) /liːv/
verb [T] left, left
to stop doing something, or to leave a place because you have finished an activity:
Many children leave school at sixteen.
He left work in June for health reasons.
She left home (= stopped living with her parents) at 18.
She's left her husband (= stopped living with him) and gone to live with another man.
Could we leave that subject (= stop discussing that subject) for the moment and go on to the next item on the agenda?

leave (NOT TAKE) /liːv/
verb left, left
1 [T] to not take something or someone with you when you go, either intentionally or by accident:
Hey, you've left your keys on the table.
Can I leave a message for Sue?
Why don't you leave the kids with me on Friday?

2 If something leaves something else, a part or effect of it stays after it has gone or been used:
His shoes left muddy marks on the floor.
There's some food left over from the party.
[+ two objects] If I give you £10 that won't leave me enough cash to pay the bill.
[+ object + adjective] Far from improving things the new law has left many people worse off (= they are now in a worse situation) than before.

3 [T] To leave a wife, husband or other close family member is to die while these family members are still alive:
He left a wife and two children.

4 [T] If you leave something in a particular condition you do not touch it, move it or act to change it in any way, so that it stays in the same condition:
Leave that chair where it is.
He left most of his dinner (= did not eat much of it).
[+ object + adjective] The family were left (= became and continued to be) homeless.
I'll have to go back - I think I've left the iron on.
You can leave the window open.
Leave your sister alone (= Stop annoying her).

5 [T + object + ing form of verb] If you leave something or someone doing something, when you go away they are still doing it:
I left the children watching television.
He left the engine running.

6 [T] If you leave (doing) something, you wait before you do it:
I'll leave these letters till Monday (= write them on Monday).
Don't leave it too late (= Don't wait too long to do it).
[+ ing form of verb] They left booking their holiday till/to the last minute.

7 [+ two objects] If you leave money or things that you own to someone, you say they should receive it or them when you die:
He left his nieces all his money./He left all his money to his nieces.

leave (GO AWAY) /liːv/
verb [I or T] left, left
to go away from someone or something, for a short time or permanently:
I'll be leaving at five o'clock tomorrow.
He left the house by the back door.
She left the group of people she was with and came over to speak to us.
The bus leaves in five minutes.

Collins COBUILD Advanced Learner’s English Dictionary

leave

[li͟ːv]
 
 leaves, leaving, left
 1) VERB If you leave a place or person, you go away from that place or person.
  [V n] He would not be allowed to leave the country...
  [V n] I simply couldn't bear to leave my little girl...
  My flight leaves in less than an hour...
  [V for n] The last of the older children had left for school.
 2) VERB If you leave an institution, group, or job, you permanently stop attending that institution, being a member of that group, or doing that job.
  [V n] He left school with no qualifications...
  I am leaving to concentrate on writing fiction.
  [V-ing] ...a leaving present.
 3) VERB If you leave your husband, wife, or some other person with whom you have had a close relationship, you stop living with them or you finish the relationship.
  [V n] He'll never leave you. You need have no worry...
  [V n for n] I would be insanely jealous if Bill left me for another woman. [Also V]
 4) VERB If you leave something or someone in a particular place, you let them remain there when you go away. If you leave something or someone with a person, you let them remain with that person so they are safe while you are away.
  [V n prep/adv] I left my bags in the car...
  [V n prep/adv] Don't leave your truck there...
  [V n prep/adv] From the moment that Philippe had left her in the bedroom at the hotel, she had heard nothing of him...
  [V n with n] Leave your key with a neighbour in case you lock yourself out one day.
 5) VERB If you leave a message or an answer, you write it, record it, or give it to someone so that it can be found or passed on.
  [V n prep/adv] You can leave a message on our answering machine...
  [V n] Decide whether the ball is in square A, B, C, or D, then call and leave your answer...
  [V n with n] I left my phone number with several people.
 6) VERB If you leave someone doing something, they are doing that thing when you go away from them.
  [V n -ing] Salter drove off, leaving Callendar surveying the scene.
 7) VERB If you leave someone to do something, you go away from them so that they do it on their own. If you leave someone to himself or herself, you go away from them and allow them to be alone.
  [V n to-inf] I'd better leave you to get on with it, then...
  [V n to it] Diana took the hint and left them to it...
  [be V-ed to pron-refl] One of the advantages of a department store is that you are left to yourself to try things on...
  [V n to n] He quietly slipped away and left me to my tears. [Also V n to pron-refl]
 8) VERB To leave an amount of something means to keep it available after the rest has been used or taken away.
  [V n for n] He always left a little food for the next day...
  [V n n] Double rooms at any of the following hotels should leave you some change from ₤150.
 9) VERB If you take one number away from another, you can say that it leaves the number that remains. For example, five take away two leaves three.
  Syn:
  equal
 10) VERB To leave someone with something, especially when that thing is unpleasant or difficult to deal with, means to make them have it or make them responsible for it.
  [V n with n] ...a crash which left him with a broken collar-bone...
  [V n with n] He left me with a child to support.
 11) VERB If an event leaves people or things in a particular state, they are in that state when the event has finished.
  [V n adj] ...violent disturbances which have left at least ten people dead...
  [V n prep/adv] The documentary left me in a state of shock...
  [V n prep/adv] So where does that leave me?
 12) VERB If you leave food or drink, you do not eat or drink it, often because you do not like it.
  [V n] If you don't like the cocktail you ordered, just leave it and try a different one.
 13) VERB If something leaves a mark, effect, or sign, it causes that mark, effect, or sign to remain as a result.
  [V n] A muscle tear will leave a scar after healing...
  [V n] She left a lasting impression on him.
 14) VERB If you leave something in a particular state, position, or condition, you let it remain in that state, position, or condition.
  [V n adj] He left the album open on the table...
  [V n adv/prep] I've left the car lights on...
  [V n -ing] I left the engine running.
 15) VERB If you leave a space or gap in something, you deliberately make that space or gap.
  [V n] Leave a gap at the top and bottom so air can circulate.
 16) VERB If you leave a job, decision, or choice to someone, you give them the responsibility for dealing with it or making it.
  [V n to n] Affix the blue airmail label and leave the rest to us...
  [V it to n to-inf] The judge should not have left it to the jury to decide...
  [V n to-inf] For the moment, I leave you to take all decisions.
 17) VERB (disapproval) If you say that something such as an arrangement or an agreement leaves a lot to another thing or person, you are critical of it because it is not adequate and its success depends on the other thing or person.
  [V amount to n] The ceasefire leaves a lot to the goodwill of the forces involved...
  [V amount to n] It's a vague formulation that leaves much to the discretion of local authorities.
 18) VERB To leave someone a particular course of action or the opportunity to do something means to let it be available to them, while restricting them in other ways.
  [V n n] He was left with no option but to resign.
 19) VERB If you leave something until a particular time, you delay doing it or dealing with it until then.
  [V n until/to n] Don't leave it all until the last minute.
  ●
  PHRASE: V inflects If you leave something too late, you delay doing it so that when you eventually do it, it is useless or ineffective.
  I hope I haven't left it too late.
 20) VERB If you leave a particular subject, you stop talking about it and start discussing something else.
  [V n] I think we'd better leave the subject of Nationalism...
  [V n prep/adv] He suggested we get together for a drink sometime. I said I'd like that, and we left it there.
 21) VERB If you leave property or money to someone, you arrange for it to be given to them after you have died.
  [V n to n] He died two and a half years later, leaving everything to his wife.
 22) VERB: no cont If you say that someone leaves a wife, husband, or a particular number of children, you mean that the wife, husband, or children remain alive after that person has died. [FORMAL]
  [V n] It is for his humanity as much as his music that his numerous friends and pupils will remember him. He leaves a wife, son and daughter.
 23) N-UNCOUNT: oft on N Leave is a period of time when you are not working at your job, because you are on holiday or vacation, or for some other reason. If you are on leave, you are not working at your job.
  Why don't you take a few days' leave?
  ...maternity leave...
  He is home on leave from the Navy.
 24) N-UNCOUNT: N to-inf If you ask for leave to do something, you ask for permission to do it. [FORMAL]
  ...an application for leave to appeal against the judge's order.
  Syn:
  permission
 25) → See also left
 26) PHRASE: V inflects If you leave someone or something alone, or if you leave them be, you do not pay them any attention or bother them.
  Some people need to confront a traumatic past; others find it better to leave it alone...
  Why can't you leave him be?
 27) PHR-PREP: PREP n You use leaving aside or leaving to one side when mentioning a fact or detail that you want to ignore when making a general statement.
  Leaving aside the question of privacy, constant surveillance can be remarkably convenient.
 28) PHRASE: V inflects When you take your leave or take leave of someone, you say goodbye and go. [FORMAL]
  He thanked them for the pleasure of their company and took his leave.
 29) PHRASE: V inflects If someone tells you to leave well alone, they are telling you not to interfere in something, because it is all right as it is and you might only make it worse.
  He knew when to leave well alone and when to interfere.
 30) PHRASE: PHR after v, oft from PHR If something continues from where it left off, it starts happening again at the point where it had previously stopped.
  As soon as the police disappear the violence will take up from where it left off.
 31) to leave a lot to be desiredsee desire
 to leave someone to their own devicessee device
 to take leave of your sensessee sense
 take it or leave itsee take
  Phrasal Verbs:
  - leave behind
  - leave off
  - leave out

Merriam-Webster's Advanced Learner's Dictionary

Merriam-Webster's Advanced Learner's Dictionary: 

1leave /ˈliːv/ verb leaves; left /ˈlɛft/; leav·ing
1 a : to go away from (a place)

[+ obj]

• What time will you leave the office?
• Don't leave home without your wallet.
• I left the party at seven o'clock.

[no obj]

• We will leave at 10 o'clock.
• Are we leaving soon?
• She left quickly.
• They left by bus.
• The train left an hour ago but another will be arriving soon.
- often + for
• We're leaving for the game in an hour.
• The train left from Paris for Barcelona an hour ago.
b [+ obj] : to go away from (a place) to live in a different place
• They left the country for a new life in the city.
• He left town a month ago.
• He left home [=left his parent's house and lived somewhere else] after graduating from high school.
2 a [+ obj] : to go away from (a person)
• She left her friends and went home.
• We left him so that he could do his work. = We left him to his work. = He had work to do, so we left him to it.
• We left him doing his work. [=he was doing his work when we left him]
b : to stop living with and having a close personal relationship with (someone)

[+ obj]

• His mother left [=abandoned, deserted] him when he was very young.
• He left his wife and children.
• His wife left him for another man.

[no obj]

• He hasn't been the same since his wife left.
3 a [+ obj] : to give up or stop having (a job, position, etc.)
• He left [=quit] his job and went back to school.
• a politician who will be leaving office next year
b : to stop attending, belonging to, or working for (a school, a group, an organization, etc.)

[+ obj]

• She left school and got a job.
• She left our team and joined another one.
• He has one more year before he leaves the army.
• He's going to be leaving the company soon and starting his own business.

[no obj]

• You must give the company two weeks' notice before leaving.
c [+ obj] : to stop participating in (something, such as a game)
• The starting quarterback had to leave the game because of an injury.
• When did she leave the meeting?
4 [+ obj]
a : to go away and allow or cause (something or someone) to remain
• Please leave your books at home.
• You may leave your things in this room. : to put or bring (something or someone) somewhere and go away
• I left the groceries on the table.
• Please leave the package by the door.
• We left a turkey (roasting) in the oven.
• I left my brother at the airport.
• They left their dog in the car.
b
✦If you leave someone or something with someone, you allow someone to keep and care for someone or something while you are away.
• They went out to dinner and left their children (home) with a babysitter.
• We left our dog with the neighbors while we went on vacation.
c : to go away and forget or neglect to take (something)
• He left [=forgot] his wallet at the restaurant.
• I left my homework in my car.
• Did you leave your key in the door again?
d : to go away permanently without taking (something or someone)
• He left nothing in his old apartment.
- often + behind
• They left behind everything they owned.
• We had to leave our family and friends behind.
• He left it all behind. [=took nothing with him]
• I wanted to leave the past behind. [=forget about the past]
5 [+ obj] : to put (something) in a place for another person to take or have
• Did she leave a package for me?
• We left a good tip for our waitress. = We left our waitress a good tip.
• I left a message (for you) on your answering machine.
• He left his name and phone number.
6 [+ obj]
a : to allow someone else to deal with or do (something) - often + with
• “It's a pretty complicated problem.” “Leave it with me: I'll see what I can do.”
- often + for
• You don't have to wash the dishes. Just leave them for me. [=I will wash the dishes]
- often + to
Leave your computer problems to the experts. [=let the experts solve your computer problems]
• That kind of decision should be left to the parents.
• They left the decision (up) to me.
• She left it to the readers to decide the story's ending.
• I'll leave it (up) to you (to decide) whether or not we go to the movies.
• I'll leave you to draw your own conclusions.
- sometimes used figuratively
• Whether or not we have a picnic will be left (up) to the weather. [=will be determined by the weather]
b
✦In informal U.S. English, you can say leave it to someone (to do something), when someone has acted in a way that is typical or expected.
Leave it to my mom to make everyone feel comfortable. [=my mom always makes everyone feel comfortable]
c
✦If people leave you to do something, they do not help you do it.
• He left me to find my own way home.
• She was left to finish the job by herself.
• I'll leave you to draw your own conclusions.
• I was left to fend for myself.
7 [+ obj] : to cause (something or someone) to be or remain in a specified condition or position
• Years of pollution has left [=made] the water undrinkable.
• Their argument left him angry and confused.
• The accident left him paralyzed.
• Your kind words leave me speechless.
• I'll leave the door unlocked for you.
• She left the door/window open.
• Did you leave the lights on?
• Much was left undone.
• Let's just leave it at that. [=let's not change it or discuss it further]
- often + -ing verb
• They cut down the trees but left the rosebushes standing.
• It left them wondering when it would all end.
- often + with
• I don't want to punish you, but your actions leave me (with) no/little choice. [=your actions make it necessary for me to punish you]
• They were left with no option but to sell their car. [=they were forced to sell their car]
8 [+ obj]
a : to allow (something) to remain available or unused
• He wanted to leave a way out for himself. = He wanted to leave himself a way out.
• Please leave space/room for another chair.
• Don't eat too much. You need to leave room for dessert. [=you need to leave enough room in your stomach so that you can eat dessert]
• That doesn't leave much room for discussion.
b
✦An amount that is left (over) or that you have left (over) is an amount that remains after the rest has been used or taken away.
• There is only one piece of bread left. [=remaining]
• After feeding 20 people, there was nothing left for me.
• How much time do we have left before we can go home?
• There was no one left in the city after the parade.
• Do we have any pizza left over from last night?
• We have many decorations left over from the party.
9 [+ obj] : to cause (something) to remain as a result, mark, or sign
• The cut left an ugly scar.
• The grape juice left a stain on the carpet.
• The rain is leaving a thin layer of ice on the roads.
• The thief was careful not to leave any clues.
• We promise we won't leave a mess.
• His visit left a lasting impression on our family.
• The experience left a bad taste in my mouth. [=the experience made me feel bad or disgusted]
10 [+ obj]
a : to have (family members) living after your death
• He left (behind) a widow and two children.
• She leaves (behind) 7 children and 28 grandchildren.
b : to give (something, such as money or property) to (someone) after your death
• She left a fortune to her husband.
• His parents left him a house and a small amount of money.
11 [+ obj] mathematics : to have (a number) as a remainder
• Taking 7 from 10 leaves 3.
I must love you and leave you
- see 2love
leave much to be desired
- see 1desire
leave no stone unturned
- see 1stone
leave off [phrasal verb]
1 : to stop before finishing a story, conversation, etc.
• Let's begin where we left off.
• Where did we leave off in our conversation?
2 leave off (doing something) informal : to stop (doing something)
• They finally left off trying to reach an agreement.
leave out [phrasal verb] leave out (someone or something) or leave (someone or something) out : to not include or mention (someone or something)
• The movie leaves a lot out of the story.
• You left out the best part.
• Did everyone get a piece of cake? I don't want to leave anyone out.
• They always leave her out of the conversation.
• He always feels left out when his friends talk about sports.
leave (someone) guessing
- see 1guess
leave (someone) in the dust
- see 1dust
leave (someone) in the lurch
- see 3lurch
leave (someone or something) alone : to not bother or touch (someone or something)
• Please leave the baby alone. She needs to sleep.
• Please leave the vase alone.
leave (someone or something) be : to not bother or touch (someone or something)
• Please leave [=let] me be.
leave (someone or something) for dead
- see 1dead
leave (someone) out in the cold
- see 2cold
leave (something) to the imagination
- see imagination
leave well enough alone or Brit leave well alone : to stop changing something that is already good enough
• He just doesn't know when to leave well enough alone.
leave you cold
- see 1cold
leave you to your own devices
- see device
left at the altar
- see altar
take it or leave it
- see 1take

video

video [noun] (FILM)

A recording of moving pictures and sound, especially as a digital file, DVD, etc

US /ˈvɪd.i.oʊ/ 
UK /ˈvɪd.i.əʊ/ 

ویدئو، فیلم

مثال: 

I'd ​far ​rather go to the ​theatre than ​watch a video.

Oxford Essential Dictionary

video

 noun (plural videos)

1 (also videotape) tape in a plastic box (called a cassette) on which a film, TV programme or real event is recorded:
You can get this film on video or on DVD.
We stayed at home and watched a video.
They made a video of the wedding.

2 (British) (also video recorder) a machine connected to a television, that you use for recording or showing programmes:
Have you set the video?

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English

video

I. video1 S1 W2 /ˈvɪdiəʊ $ -dioʊ/ BrE AmE noun (plural videos)
1. [uncountable and countable] a copy of a film or television programme, or a series of events, recorded on ↑videotape
hire a video British English rent a video American English:
How much does it cost to hire videos?
Let’s stay at home and watch a video.
Rewind the video right to the beginning.
The school will be making a video of the play.
on video
The movie has not yet been released on video.
coming soon to a video store near you
2. [countable] a plastic box containing special tape for recording programmes and films on television SYN videotape, video cassette:
Have we got a blank video (=one with nothing recorded on it yet) anywhere?
3. [countable] British English a machine used to record television programmes or show videos SYN VCR, video cassette recorder
programme/set the video
Can you set the video to record the football match?
4. [uncountable] the process of recording or showing television programmes, films, real events etc on ↑videotape:
The course aims to help children learn through video.
5. [countable] a short film that is made to go with a particular piece of popular music SYN music video
6. [countable] a ↑digital recording of an event, for example one made using a ↑mobile phone:
a video clip shown on the Internet
• • •
COLLOCATIONS (for Meaning 4)
■ video + NOUN
video footage Police are currently studying video footage to identify the rioters.
a video recording Can a video recording of an interview with a child be used in a court as evidence?
a video image (=a moving picture on a video) Video images of the surgery are sent to a special lecture theatre, so that students can observe.
a video clip (=a short video) You can download video clips from the Internet.
video evidence (=a recording of events, used in a court) Video evidence of illegal activities can later be used in court.
■ verbs
record something on video She had no idea that her purchase was being recorded on video.
be captured/caught on video (=recorded on video) The crime was captured on video.

Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

video

video [video videos] noun, verb   [ˈvɪdiəʊ]    [ˈvɪdioʊ]

noun (pl. videos)
1. (also video·tape) uncountable, countable a type of magnetic tape used for recording moving pictures and sound; a box containing this tape, also called a video cassette
The movie will be released on video in June.

• Do we have a blank video?

2. uncountable a system of recording moving pictures and sound, either using videotape or a digital method of storing data
• A wedding is the perfect subject for video.

• the use of video in schools

3. countable a copy of a film/movie, programme, etc. that is recorded on videotape
a video of ‘ET’
a home video (= not a professional one)

• a video shop/store

 

4. (also ˈmusic video) countable a short film made by a pop or rock band to be shown with a song when it is played on television

5. (also ˈvideo clip) countable a short film or recording of an event, made using digital technology and viewed on a computer, especially over the Internet
The school made a short promotional video.

• Upload your videos and share them with friends and family online.

6. countable (BrE) =  video cassette recorder
to programme the video to record the football match  
Word Origin:
1930s: from Latin videre ‘to see’, on the pattern of audio.  
Collocations:
Cinema/the movies
Watching
go to/take sb to (see) a film/movie
go to/sit in (BrE) the cinema/(NAmE) the (movie) theater
rent a film/movie/DVD
download a film/movie/video
burn/copy/rip a DVD
see/watch a film/movie/DVD/video/preview/trailer
Showing
show/screen a film/movie
promote/distribute/review a film/movie
(BrE) be on at the cinema
be released on/come out on/be out on DVD
captivate/delight/grip/thrill the audience
do well/badly at the box office
get a lot of/live up to the hype
Film-making
write/co-write a film/movie/script/screenplay
direct/produce/make/shoot/edit a film/movie/sequel/video
make a romantic comedy/a thriller/an action movie
do/work on a sequel/remake
film/shoot the opening scene/an action sequence/footage (of sth)
compose/create/do/write the soundtrack
cut/edit (out) a scene/sequence
Acting
have/get/do an audition
get/have/play a leading/starring/supporting role
play a character/James Bond/the bad guy
act in/appear in/star in a film/movie/remake
do/perform/attempt a stunt
work in/make it big in Hollywood
forge/carve/make/pursue a career in Hollywood
Describing films
the camera pulls back/pans over sth/zooms in (on sth)
the camera focuses on sth/lingers on sth
shoot sb/show sb in extreme close-up
use odd/unusual camera angles
be filmed/shot on location/in a studio
be set/take place in London/in the '60s
have a happy ending/plot twist 
Example Bank:
An amateur video of the crash failed to reveal the cause.
Did you remember to set the video for ‘EastEnders’?
He posted a video on his website
I can't find the video channel on this television.
She started making a video diary of her life.
The band are in Iceland doing a video shoot.
The children can sit for hours watching videos.
The film is already out on video.
The group's new video will be released next month.
The infamous video nasty is now a cult film.
The jury watched video footage of the riots.
The speech was broadcast via a video link to thousands standing outside.
The thief was caught on video as he pocketed watches and rings.
Their teacher showed them a video about the Inuit.
They produce educational videos for learning languages.
They sell both blank and pre-recorded videos.
This article and the accompanying video takes you through each stage step by step.
Video files can be readily transmitted over digital broadband.
We rent videos nearly every weekend.
You need a broadband Internet connection to stream video online.
a review of the latest video releases
a security video of the attack
• The school made a short promotional video.

• You can view and share video clips on this website.

Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary

Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary - 4th Edition
 

video / ˈvɪd.i.əʊ /   / -oʊ / noun ( plural videos ) (FILM)

A2 [ U or C ] a recording of moving pictures and sound, especially as a digital file, DVD, etc.:

My new laptop handles video really well.

People can upload videos of their pets to this website.

We had a video made of our wedding.

"Avatar" is now available on video.

→  See also tape noun (RECORDING)

A2 [ C ] ( also music video ) a short film made to advertise a popular song

 

video / ˈvɪd.i.əʊ /   / -oʊ / noun [ C ] ( plural videos ) (MACHINE)

UK for videocassette recorder

© Cambridge University Press 2013

Collins COBUILD Advanced Learner’s English Dictionary

video

/vɪdioʊ/
(videos, videoing, videoed)

Frequency: The word is one of the 1500 most common words in English.

1.
A video is a film or television programme recorded on tape for people to watch on a television set.
...the makers of films and videos.
N-COUNT

2.
Video is the system of recording films and events on tape so that people can watch them on a television set.
She has watched the race on video.
...manufacturers of audio and video equipment.
N-UNCOUNT: oft on N

3.
A video is a machine that you can use to record television programmes and play videotapes on a television set. (mainly BRIT; in AM, usually use VCR)
He’d set the video for 8.00.
= video recorder, VCR
N-COUNT

4.
If you video a television programme or event, you record it on tape using a video recorder or video camera, so that you can watch it later. (mainly BRIT; in AM, usually use tapevideotape)
She had been videoing the highlights of the tournament...
= videotape, tape
VERB: V n

5.
Video is a system by which you can see television images or films on your computer, rather than on a television set.
N-UNCOUNT

Merriam-Webster's Advanced Learner's Dictionary

Merriam-Webster's Advanced Learner's Dictionary: 

1vid·eo /ˈvɪdijoʊ/ noun, pl -eos
1 [count] : a movie, television show, event, etc., that has been recorded onto a videocassette, DVD, etc., so that it can be watched on a television or computer screen
• We're going to rent a couple of videos to watch this weekend.
• She was talking about a popular video she saw on the Internet.
• The video of their wedding was made by a professional company.
• They showed us some of their home videos. [=recordings that they had made using a video camera]
2 [noncount]1videotape 1
• The movie is available on video and DVD.
3 [count] : a recorded performance of a song in which visual images are shown together with the music
• a TV channel that plays videos all day
• Her latest music video was first released on the Internet.
4 [noncount] : the moving images that are seen in a recording or broadcast
• The audio is OK but there's a problem with the video.

online

online [adjective]

Describes products, services, or information that can be bought or used on the internet

US /ˈɑːn.laɪn/ 
UK /ˈɒn.laɪn/ 

آنلاین

مثال: 

An online newspaper/magazine/dictionary

Oxford Essential Dictionary

online

 adjective, adverb
using a computer or the Internet:
Online shopping is both cheap and convenient.
Bookings can be made online.

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English

online

online /ˈɒnlaɪn $ ˈɑːn-, ˈɒːn-/ BrE AmE adjective
1. connected to other computers through the Internet, or available through the Internet OPP offline:
All the city’s schools will be online by the end of the year.
2. directly connected to or controlled by a computer OPP offline:
an online printer
—online adverb:
The reports are not available online yet.

Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

online

I. on·line [online]   [ˌɒnˈlaɪn]    [ˌɑːnˈlaɪn]    [ˌɔːnˈlaɪn]  adjective
controlled by or connected to a computer or to the Internet
Online shopping is both cheap and convenient.
an online database
online dating (= using the Internet to meet people in order to start a romantic relationship)  
Collocations:
Email and the Internet
Email
receive/get/open an email
write/send/answer/forward/delete an email
check/read/access your email
block/filter (out) junk/spam/unsolicited email
exchange email addresses
open/check your inbox
junk mail fills/floods/clogs your inbox
have/set up an email account
open/send/contain an attachment
sign up for/receive email alerts
Connecting to the Internet
use/access/log onto the Internet/the Web
go online/on the Internet
have a high-speed/dial-up/broadband/wireless (Internet) connection
access/connect to/locate the server
use/open/close/launch a/your web browser
browse/surf/search/scour the Internet/the Web
send/contain/spread/detect a (computer/email) virus
update your anti-virus software
install/use/configure a firewall
accept/enable/block/delete cookies
Using the Internet
visit/check a website/an Internet site/sb's blog
create/design/launch a website/social networking site
start/write/post/read a blog
update your blog/a website
be in/meet sb in/go into/enter an Internet chat room
download/upload music/software/a song/a podcast/a file/a copy of sth
share information/data/files
post a comment/message on a website/an online message board/a web forum/an internet chat room
stream video/audio/music/content over the Internet
join/participate in/visit/provide a (web-based/web/online/Internet/discussion) forum

generate/increase/monitor Internet traffic

Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary

Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary - 4th Edition
 

online / ˈɒn.laɪn /   / ˈɑːn.laɪn / adjective [ before noun ]

A2 describes products, services, or information that can be bought or used on the internet:

an online newspaper/magazine/dictionary

online banking/shopping

© Cambridge University Press 2013

Collins COBUILD Advanced Learner’s English Dictionary

online

 

/ɒnlaɪn/
also on-line

1.
If a company goes online, its services become available on the Internet. (BUSINESS, COMPUTING)
...the first bank to go online.
...an online shopping centre.
...an online catalogue.
ADJ

2.
If you are online, your computer is connected to the Internet. Compare offline. (COMPUTING)
You can chat to other people who are online.
ADJ

Online is also an adverb.
...the cool stuff you find online.
on line: see line
ADV: ADV after v

Merriam-Webster's Advanced Learner's Dictionary

Merriam-Webster's Advanced Learner's Dictionary: 

online

on·line /ˈɑːnˌlaɪn/ adj
1 : connected to a computer, a computer network, or the Internet
• an online printer
• The city libraries are all online.
2 : done over the Internet
• He likes to engage in online chats/discussions.
online shopping/banking
• the company's online sales
- opposite off-line
- online adv
• people who shop/chat online
• I went online to do a search for information about new cars.
• She spends a lot of her free time online.

check

check [verb] (EXAMINE)

To make certain that something or someone is correct, safe, or suitable by examining it or them quickly

US /tʃek/ 
UK /tʃek/ 

چک کردن، بررسى‌ كردن‌

مثال: 

You should always check your oil, water, and tyres before taking your car on a long trip.

Oxford Essential Dictionary

 verb (checks, checking, checked )

1 to look at something to see that it is right, good or safe:
Do the sums and then use a calculator to check your answers.
Before driving off, I checked the oil and water.
Check that all the windows are closed before you leave.

2 American English for tick1?

check in to tell the person at the desk in a hotel or an airport that you have arrived:
I have to check in an hour before my flight.

check out to pay your bill and leave a hotel

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English

check

I. check1 S1 W2 /tʃek/ BrE AmE verb
1. FIND OUT [intransitive and transitive] to do something in order to find out whether something really is correct, true, or in good condition:
Check the tiles carefully before you buy them.
A first rule in solving any mystery is to check the facts.
Fill in the cash book carefully and always check your calculations.
check (that)
Check that all the doors are locked securely.
check whether/how/who etc
Let me just check whether the potatoes are cooked.
They paused to check how the other climbers were getting on.
check (something) for something
I checked the typing for errors.
Turn the tap on and check for leaks.
check something against/with something (=compare something with something else to see whether they are the same)
You must check the evidence against other sources and decide if it is reliable.
Positive test results are double-checked (=looked at twice) to make absolutely sure.
2. ASK SOMEBODY [intransitive and transitive] to ask someone whether something is correct, true, or allowed:
I’m not authorized to give you a refund – I’ll have to check first.
check (that)
Make a phone call to check that you’re writing to the right person.
check whether/how/who etc
Call the factory to check whether the beds can be delivered today.
check with
Check with your doctor before going on a diet.
3. NOT DO SOMETHING [transitive] to suddenly stop yourself from saying or doing something because you realize it would be better not to:
I had to check the urge to laugh out loud.
check yourself
He grinned, and then checked himself, not wanting to upset Jack.
4. STOP SOMETHING [transitive] to stop something bad from getting worse or continuing to happen:
The police are failing to take adequate measures to check the growth in crime.
5. BAGS/CASES ETC [transitive] American English, check in British English to leave your bags at an official place so they can be put on a plane or a train, or to take someone’s bags in order to do this:
Any luggage over five kilos must be checked.
6. MAKE A MARK [transitive] American English to make a mark (✓ ) next to an answer, something on a list etc to show you have chosen it, that it is correct, or that you have dealt with it SYN tick British English
7. Check especially American English spoken say this when someone mentions each thing on a list, to tell them that you have it or have done it:
‘Passport?’ ‘Check.’ ‘Ticket?’ ‘Check’.
• • •
THESAURUS
check to look at something carefully and thoroughly in order to make sure that it is correct, safe, or working properly: I’ll just check the water level in the battery. | The immigration officer checked their passports. | We need to check the building for structural damage.
examine to look at something carefully and thoroughly because you want to find out something about it: Experts who examined the painting believe it is genuine. | The police will examine the weapon for fingerprints.
inspect to look at something carefully and thoroughly in order to make sure that it is correct, safe, or working properly, especially when it is your job to do this: The building is regularly inspected by a fire-safety officer. | Some insurance people have already been here to inspect the damage caused by the storm.
go through something to examine something such as a document or plan from beginning to end, especially in order to check that it is correct: You should go through the contract before you sign. | I’ve finished my essay, but I just need to go through it to check for spelling mistakes.
double-check to check something again so that you are completely sure it is correct, safe, or working properly: I double-checked all my calculations and they seemed fine. | Travellers should double-check flight information before setting off today.
test to examine or use something in order to find out whether it works or what its qualities are, or in order to check that it is satisfactory: Test your brakes to check they are working correctly. | These products have not been tested on animals.
monitor to carefully watch or keep checking someone or something in order to see what happens over a period of time: Doctors monitored her progress during the night. | Observers have been monitoring the situation in Burma closely.
check in phrasal verb
1. if you check in or are checked in at a hotel or airport, you go to the desk and report that you have arrived:
Check in two hours before the flight.
check in at
He checked in at the Europa Hotel.
check somebody ↔ in
Airline employees were checking in passengers. ⇨ ↑check-in
2. check something ↔ in to leave your bags at an official place so they can be put on a plane or a train, or to take someone’s bags in order to do this:
I said goodbye and went to check in my suitcases.
3. American English to call someone to tell them that you are safe or where you are:
He just called to check in and tell them how he was doing.
check something ↔ off phrasal verb
to write a mark next to something on a list to show that you have chosen it, dealt with it, or made sure that it is correct:
One by one he checked them off on his register.
check on somebody/something phrasal verb
1. to make sure that someone or something is safe, is in a satisfactory state, or is doing what they should be doing:
Honey, can you go upstairs and check on the kids?
My neighbour comes in once a week to check on things and feed the fish.
2. to try to find out if something is true or correct:
He wanted to check on the girl’s story.
check out phrasal verb
1. MAKE SURE
a) check something ↔ out to make sure that something is actually true, correct, or acceptable SYN investigate:
I made a phone call to check out his address.
check something ↔ out with
Check it out with your boss before you do anything.
b) if information checks out, it is proved to be true, correct, or acceptable:
His credit record checks out.
2. LOOK AT SOMEBODY/SOMETHING check somebody/something ↔ out to look at someone or something because they are interesting or attractive:
If I hear about a website that sounds interesting, I check it out.
Hey, check out that car!
3. GET INFORMATION check somebody ↔ out informal to get information about someone, especially to find out if they are suitable for something:
I’ll check them out as potential employers.
4. HOTEL to leave a hotel after paying the bill:
We checked out at noon. ⇨ ↑checkout
5. BOOKS check something ↔ out American English to borrow a book from a library:
The library allows you to check out six books at a time.
check something/somebody ↔ over phrasal verb
1. to look closely at something to make sure it is correct or acceptable:
They spent the rest of the morning checking over their equipment.
2. to examine someone to make sure they are healthy:
I’d like the doctor to check you over and do a few tests.
check up on somebody/something phrasal verb
1. to try to find out if someone is doing what they said they would do or what you want them to do:
Don’t worry; no one is going to check up on you.
2. to make sure that something is true or correct:
Dustin called me to check up on some facts.

Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

check

check [check checks checked checking] verb, noun, exclamation   [tʃek]    [tʃek]

verb  

EXAMINE
1. transitive ~ sth (for sth) to examine sth to see if it is correct, safe or acceptable
Check the container for cracks or leaks.
She gave me the minutes of the meeting to read and check.
Check the oil and water before setting off.
• Check your work before handing it in.

• Customs officers have the right to check all luggage going through customs.  

MAKE SURE

2. intransitive, transitive to find out if sth/sb is present, correct or true or if sth is how you think it is
‘Is Mary in the office?’ ‘Just a moment. I'll go and check.’
~ sth Hang on— I just need to check my email.
~ (that)… Go and check (that) I've locked the windows.
~ (with sb) (what/whether, etc…) You'd better check with Jane what time she's expecting us tonight.

see also  cross-check, double-check  

CONTROL

3. transitive ~ sth to control sth; to stop sth from increasing or getting worse
• The government is determined to check the growth of public spending.

• She tied some strips of cloth around the wound to check the bleeding.

4. transitive to stop yourself from saying or doing sth or from showing a particular emotion
~ sth to check your anger/laughter/tears

~ yourself She wanted to tell him the whole truth but she checked herself— it wasn't the right moment.  

COATS/BAGS/CASES

5. transitive ~ sth (NAmE) to leave coats, bags, etc. in an official place (called a checkroom) while you are visiting a club, restaurant, etc

• Do you want to check your coats?

6. transitive ~ sth (NAmE) to leave bags or cases with an official so that they can be put on a plane or train

• How many bags are you checking?  

MAKE MARK

7. transitive ~ sth (NAmE) (BrE tick) to put a mark (✓) next to an item on a list, an answer, etc
Check the box next to the right answer.
 
Word Origin:
v. and exclam. n. senses 1 to 4 and n. senses 6 to 10 Middle English Old French eschec medieval Latin scaccus Arabic Persian šāh ‘king’ Old French eschequier ‘play chess, put in check’ ‘stop or control’ ‘examine the accuracy of’
n. sense 5 late Middle English
 
Thesaurus:
check verb
1. T
Check your work before handing it in.
inspectexaminego over sthcheck over sb/sthcheck through sthlook at sth|business audit
check/inspect/examine/check over/check through sth for sth
check/inspect/examine/look at sth to see if/whether…
check/inspect/examine/go over/check over/check through/look at sth carefully
Check, inspect or examine? These words can all be used when you are looking for possible problems. Only check is used about looking for mistakes:  ¤ Inspect/Examine your work before handing it in. Only examine is used when looking for the cause of a problem:
The doctor examined her but could find nothing wrong.
 ¤ The doctor checked/inspected her but could find nothing wrong.
2. I, T
Go and check that I've locked the windows.
make sure|formal verifyassure yourself
check/verify sth with sb
check/make sure/verify/assure yourself that…
check/verify what/whether…  
Synonyms:
check
examine inspect go over sth
These words all mean to look closely to make sure that everything is correct, in good condition, or acceptable.
checkto look at sth closely to make sure that everything is correct, in good condition, safe or satisfactory: Check your work before handing it in.
examineto look at sb/sth closely to see if there is anything wrong or to find the cause of a problem: The goods were examined for damage on arrival.
inspectto look at sb/sth closely to make sure that everything is satisfactory; to officially visit a school, factory, etc. in order to check that rules are being obeyed and that standards are acceptable: Make sure you inspect the goods before signing for them. The Tourist Board inspects all recommended hotels at least once a year.
check, examine or inspect?
All these words can be used when you are looking for possible problems, but only check is used for mistakes: Examine/Inspect your work before handing it in. Only examine is used when looking for the cause of a problem: The doctor checked/inspected her but could find nothing wrong. Examine is used more often about a professional person: The surveyor examined the walls for signs of damp. Inspect is used more often about an official: Public health officials were called in to inspect the restaurant.
go over sthto check sth carefully for mistakes, damage or anything dangerous: Go over your work for spelling mistakes before you hand it in.
to check/examine/inspect/go over (sth) for sth
to check/examine/inspect/go over sth to see if/whether…
to check/examine/inspect/go over sth carefully/thoroughly  
Example Bank:
Always check that the electricity is switched off before you start.
Check the engine oil level regularly.
Check the roof for loose slates.
He was just checking to see if I was in my room.
I checked with her to see if she needed any help.
I'll need to check these figures against last year's.
It's worth checking that there is no rust on the car.
She began mentally checking off the things on her to-do list.
The cartons were all checked off as they were unloaded.
To take advantage of this extra bonus offer, simply check the box on your order form.
We had better check that all the doors are locked.
‘Is Mary in the office?’ ‘Just a moment. I'll go and check.’
Check the oil and water in the car before setting off.
Go and check that I've locked the windows.
She made no effort to check her tears and just let them run down her face.
She wanted to tell him the whole truth but she checked herself.
The active ingredient checks the growth of bacteria.
You'd better check with Jane what time she's expecting us.
Idiom: hold something in check

Derived: check in  check into …  check on somebody  check out  check over something  check somebody off  check somebody out  check something in  check something out  check up on somebody  check up on something 

Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary

Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary - 4th Edition
 

check / tʃek / verb [ I or T ] (EXAMINE)

A2 to make certain that something or someone is correct, safe, or suitable by examining it or them quickly:

You should always check your oil, water, and tyres before taking your car on a long trip.

Customs stopped us and checked (= searched) our bags for alcohol and cigarettes.

After I'd finished the exam, I checked my answers for mistakes.

The doctor will call next week to check on your progress.

My wife checks on (= visits) our elderly neighbour every few days to make sure that he's alright.

[ + (that) ] I always check (that) I've shut the windows before I leave the house.

He double- checked all the doors (= checked them all twice) before leaving the house.

→  See also crosscheck

B1 to find out about something:

[ + question word ] I rang them yesterday to check wh en they were arriving.

[ + to infinitive ] If you're near the garage, could you check to see (= ask) if the car's ready?

If you're unsure of your legal rights, I would check with (= ask) a lawyer.
 

check / tʃek / verb [ T ] (STOP)

to stop someone from doing or saying something, or to prevent something from increasing or continuing:

They have begun to vaccinate children in an attempt to check the spread of the disease.
 

check / tʃek / verb [ T ] US (LEAVE)

to leave something with someone at a particular place, so that they can take care of it for a short time:

It was hot so we checked our coats before going round the gallery.
 

check / tʃek / verb [ I ] mainly US (AGREE)

If information checks, it agrees with other information:

Her statement checks with most of the eye-witness reports.
 

check / tʃek / verb [ I or T ] (MARK)

A1 US for tick noun (MARK)
 

check / tʃek / verb [ T ] specialized (CHESS)

in the game of chess, to put the other player's king under direct attack, so that the other player is forced to defend against the attack in their next move

© Cambridge University Press 2013

Collins COBUILD Advanced Learner’s English Dictionary

check

/tʃek/
(checks, checking, checked)

Frequency: The word is one of the 1500 most common words in English.

1.
If you check something such as a piece of information or a document, you make sure that it is correct or satisfactory.
Check the accuracy of everything in your CV...
I think there is an age limit, but I’d have to check...
She hadn’t checked whether she had a clean ironed shirt...
He checked that he had his room key...
I shall need to check with the duty officer.
VERB: V n, V, V wh, V that, V with n
see also cross-check

Check is also a noun.
He is being constantly monitored with regular checks on his blood pressure.
...a security check.
N-COUNT: usu with supp

2.
If you check on someone or something, you make sure they are in a safe or satisfactory condition.
He decided to check on things at the warehouse.
VERB: V on n

3.
If you check something that is written on a piece of paper, you put a mark, like a V with the right side extended, next to it to show that something is correct or has been selected or dealt with. (AM; in BRIT, usually use tick)
Frequently, men who check answer (b) have not actually had the experience of being repeatedly rejected by women.
VERB: V n

4.
To check something, usually something bad, means to stop it from spreading or continuing.
Sex education is also expected to help check the spread of AIDS.
= curb
VERB: V n

5.
If you check yourself or if something checks you, you suddenly stop what you are doing or saying.
He was about to lose his temper but checked himself in time...
I held up one finger to check him.
VERB: V pron-refl, V n

6.
When you check your luggage at an airport, you give it to an official so that it can be taken on to your plane.
We arrived at the airport, checked our baggage and wandered around the gift shops...
VERB: V n

To check in your luggage means the same as to check it.
They checked in their luggage and found seats in the departure lounge.
PHRASAL VERB: V P n (not pron), also V n P

7.
The check in a restaurant is a piece of paper on which the price of your meal is written and which you are given before you pay. (mainly AM; in BRIT, use bill)
= bill
N-COUNT

8.
In a game of chess, you say check when you are attacking your opponent’s king.
CONVENTION

9.
A pattern of squares, usually of two colours, can be referred to as checks or a check.
Styles include stripes and checks.
...a red and white check dress.
N-COUNT: oft N n

10.
If something or someone is held in check or is kept in check, they are controlled and prevented from becoming too great or powerful.
Life on Earth will become unsustainable unless population growth is held in check...
PHRASE: V inflects

11.
A check is the same as a cheque. (AM)

Merriam-Webster's Advanced Learner's Dictionary

Merriam-Webster's Advanced Learner's Dictionary: 

1check /ˈʧɛk/ verb checks; checked; check·ing
1 : to look at (something) carefully to find mistakes, problems, etc., or to make sure there is nothing wrong with it

[+ obj]

• Make sure to check your spelling.
• She checked her makeup in the mirror.
• We should check the equipment to make sure that it's working properly.
• I checked the tires for wear. [=to see if they are worn down/out]
• The guards checked my passport.

[no obj]

- + for
• Be careful to check for any mistakes.
• The border guards checked in my luggage for contraband.
- see also cross-check, double-check, spot-check
2 a : to get information by looking at something, asking about something, etc.

[+ obj]

• He checked his watch and saw that it was almost noon.
• I'll just check the map to see where we are.
• I'll check the newspaper to see when the movie starts.

[no obj]

• We were out of milk last time I checked. [=looked]
• “Do you have these shoes in a larger size?” “I don't know. Let me check.” [=take a look]
• I think the door is locked, but I'll have to check (to be sure).
- often followed by to + verb
• Did you check to see where the movie was playing?
• I checked to make sure the door was locked.
b : to look at or in (a place) in order to find or get something or someone

[+ obj]

• If you're looking for a spoon, check the top drawer.
• I checked his office but he wasn't there.

[no obj]

• If you're looking for the umbrella, check in the closet.
c [+ obj] : to find out if you have any (mail, messages, etc.)
• Did you check the mail yet today?
• She checked [=listened to] her phone messages when she got home.
• He logged on and checked [=read] his e-mail.
3 : to talk with someone in order to get approval, information, etc., about something

[no obj]

• I'll have to check with the manager before I can let you in.
Check with your doctor to find out which drugs are safe.

[+ obj]

• I'm not sure when you should arrive. I'll have to check that with my wife.
4 [+ obj]
a : to slow or stop (something or someone) from doing something
• She started to speak but then checked [=stopped] herself.
• The batter checked his swing. [=the batter started to swing and then stopped]
b hockey : to stop or hit (an opponent) in order to steal the ball or puck, defend the goal, etc.
• He was checked by the defender.
5 [+ obj] US
a : to leave (something you own) with a worker at a restaurant, hotel, etc., who keeps it in a special area or room (called a checkroom) while you are there
• I checked my hat and coat in the restaurant's checkroom.
b : to give (your bags, suitcases, etc.) to a worker so that they can be loaded onto a plane or train
• We checked our bags before boarding.
c : to take (someone's bags, suitcases, etc.) to load them onto a plane or train
• The airline checked our bags before we boarded.
- see also check in 3 (below)
6 [+ obj] US : to mark (something) with a check (✓) to show that it has been done, approved, etc.
• You should check [=(chiefly Brit) tick] each item on the list after you've completed it.
- often + off
• You should check off [=(chiefly Brit) tick off] each item on the list after you've completed it.
7 [no obj] US informal : to be proven to be true, accurate, etc. - usually used in negative statements
• Her story didn't check. [=the evidence did not support her story]
- see also check out 2 (below)
check back [phrasal verb] informal : to return to a place, person, etc., in order to try something again or to get additional information
• We are not hiring today, but check back next month.
• I'll check back with you [=talk to you again] in about a week.
check in [phrasal verb]
1 : to report to someone when you arrive at a place (such as an airport or convention) to let them know you are there
• Passengers must check in one hour before the flight leaves.
• Where do I have to check in? especially; : to arrive at and be given a room in a hotel, motel, etc.
check in [=register] at a hotel
• Guests cannot check in before 4:00 PM.
- see also check-in
2 US informal : to talk with someone in order to report or find out new information
• I'm just checking in to see how things are going.
- usually + with
• I have to go to a meeting now, but I'll check in with you later.
3 check (something) in or check in (something) : to leave or take bags, suitcases, etc., so that they can be loaded onto a plane or train
• We checked our bags in at the station.
• The airline checked in our luggage.
check into [phrasal verb] check into (something)
1 : to arrive at and be given a room in (a hotel, motel, etc.)
• We checked into a hotel.
2 : to look for information about (something) : to find out the truth about (something) by getting information
• The police are checking into [=checking on, checking up on] his activities. [=the police are investigating his activities]
• A problem like that should really be checked into carefully.
check off on [phrasal verb] check off on (something) US informal : to give official approval for (something)
• My boss will have to check off on [=authorize, approve] my decision.
check on [phrasal verb] check on (someone or something)
1 : to look at or examine (someone or something) to see if there are any problems
• The nurse checked on the patients regularly.
2 : to look for information about (someone or something) : to find out the truth about (someone or something) by getting information
• The police are checking on [=checking up on] him.
• I asked the waiter to check on [=find out what was happening with] my order.
check out [phrasal verb]
1 a : to leave and pay for your room at a hotel, motel, etc.
• We checked out (of the hotel) early.
- see also checkout
b US informal : to die
• There are still a lot of things I want to accomplish in life before I finally check out.
2 US informal
a : to be proven to be accurate, true, etc.
• I didn't believe her at first, but her story checked out.
• The description checked out when we compared it with the photograph. [=we saw that the description was accurate when we compared it with the photograph]
b check out (something) or check (something) out : to find out if (something) is true
• The police are still trying to check out [=investigate, confirm] his alibi.
3 check out (something or someone) or check (something or someone) out
a : to look at (something or someone) in order to find problems, mistakes, etc.
• We carefully checked out the car for defects.
• He had problems with his computer and asked the technician to check it out.
• He needs to get checked out by a doctor.
b informal : to look at (someone or something that is attractive or interesting)
• When she walked into the room, all the guys were checking her out.
• Just check out his new car!
• We're going to the mall to check out that new clothing store.
- often used in the phrase check it out to direct someone's attention to something
Check it out—they've got that new book in stock.
4 check out (something) or check (something) out
a : to borrow (something) from a library
• He checked out [=took out, borrowed] a book on farming.
b US : to add up the cost of the goods that someone buys in a store (such as a supermarket) and accept payment for them
• She got a job checking out groceries at the supermarket. also; : to pay for the goods that you buy in a store
• There was a long line of people waiting to check out their groceries.
• She was able to check out quickly using her debit card.
- see also checkout
check over [phrasal verb] check (something or someone) over or check over (something or someone) : to look at (something or someone) in a careful way to find problems, mistakes, etc.
checking the new cars over
• The doctors checked him over for bruises.
• Be sure to check over each item on the list for any mistakes.
• She checked herself over [=she looked at herself carefully] in the mirror before going to the party.
check through [phrasal verb] check through (something) : to look at the parts of (a group of things)
• I checked through all his letters but found nothing useful.
check up on [phrasal verb] check up on (someone or something) : to find or look for information about (someone or something) often in order to find out the truth
• My parents are always checking up on me.
• The police are checking up on his alibi.
- check·able adj
• an easily checkable fact

post

post [noun] (LETTERS)

mainly UK (US usually mail) letters and parcels that are delivered to homes or places of work

US /poʊst/ 
UK /pəʊst/ 

پست

مثال: 

The ​package had been ​badly ​crushed in the post.

بسته در حین پست به طور بدی آسیب دیده است.

Oxford Essential Dictionary

noun

1 (British) (American mail) (no plural) the official system for sending and receiving letters, packages, etc.:
I sent your present by post.

2 (British) (American mail) (no plural) all the letters and packages that you send or receive:
Did you get any post this morning?

3 (plural posts) a job, especially an important one in a large organization:
a government post

4 (plural posts) a piece of wood or metal that stands in the ground to hold something or to show where something is:
The sign had fallen off the post.
a lamp post
Look at goalpost and signpost.

 

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English

post

I. post1 S2 W2 /pəʊst $ poʊst/ BrE AmE noun
[Word Family: noun: ↑post, ↑postage, ↑postie, ↑posting; verb: ↑post; adjective: ↑postal]
1. JOB [countable] formal a job, especially an important one in a large organization SYN position:
I applied for the post and was asked to attend an interview.
She was offered the post of ambassador to India.
He will take up his post as Head of Modern Languages in September.
Goddard has held the post since 1998.
Unfortunately they were unable to find a suitable person to fill the post.
Mr Thomson resigned his £50,000 a year post in April.
She now holds a senior post in the Department of Education.
the creation of 4,000 new teaching posts
2. POSTAL SYSTEM the post British English the official system for carrying letters, packages etc from one place to another SYN mail
by post
The winners will be notified by post.
in the post
Your letter must have got lost in the post.
I’ll put a copy of the book in the post (=send it).
through the post
A parcel arrived through the post.
3. LETTERS [uncountable] British English letters, packages etc that are sent and delivered SYN mail:
Was there any post for me today?
Emma was opening her post.
4. COLLECTION/DELIVERY [singular, uncountable] British English when letters are collected or delivered SYN mail:
What time does the post go (=get collected)?
(the) first/second/last post (=the first, second etc collection or delivery of letters each day)
Applications must arrive by first post on September 23.
catch/miss the post (=post your letter in time for it to be collected, or not in time)by return (of post) at ↑return2(11)
5. PIECE OF WOOD/METAL [countable] a strong upright piece of wood, metal etc that is fixed into the ground, especially to support something:
a fence post ⇨ ↑bedpost, ↑gatepost(1), ↑lamp-post, ↑signpost1(1)
6. FOOTBALL/HOCKEY ETC [countable] one of the two upright pieces of wood between which players try to kick or hit the ball in football, ↑hockey etc SYN goalpost:
The ball hit the post and bounced off.
7. NEWSPAPER [singular] used in the names of some newspapers:
the ‘Washington Post’
8. SOLDIER/GUARD ETC sb’s post the place where a soldier, guard etc is expected to be in order to do their job
at sb’s post
By 5 am the soldiers were already at their posts.
No one was allowed to leave their post.
9. border/military/customs/police post a place, especially one on a border, where soldiers or police are guarding, checking etc something
10. RACE the post (also the finishing post) the place where a race finishes, especially a horse race:
Mr Magic was first past the post.
11. INTERNET MESSAGE [countable] (also posting) a message sent to an Internet discussion group so that all members of the group can read it:
There was post after post criticizing the Minister.
as deaf as a post at ↑deaf(1), ⇨ be driven/passed from pillar to post at ↑pillar(4), ⇨ pip somebody at the post at ↑pip2(1), ⇨ ↑first-past-the-post

COLLOCATIONS (for Meaning 1)
■ verbs
hold a post (=have a job) He had previously held the post of Foreign Minister.
apply for a post I am writing to apply for the post of secretary.
take up a post (=start a new job) She will take up her new post next month.
leave a post The previous ambassador left his post in June.
resign (from) a post (=leave it) John Sargent has resigned his post as chairman.
be dismissed from a post (=be told to leave) As a result of the scandal, he was dismissed from his post.
offer somebody a post He was offered the post of Secretary of State for Wales.
appoint somebody to a post (=give someone a job officially) Mr Collingwood has been appointed to the post of Headteacher.
fill a post (=find someone to do a job) They have advertised the post but it hasn't yet been filled.
■ ADJECTIVES/NOUN + post
a senior post Senior posts in industry attract very high salaries.
a junior post He was offered a junior post in a bank.
a permanent/temporary post I have a two-year contract, not a permanent post.
a full-time/part-time post a part-time post as a university lecturer
a teaching post My first teaching post was in outer London.
an administrative post For the next twelve years, he held various administrative posts in Bombay.
a government post I decided to apply for a local government post.

COLLOCATIONS (for Meaning 2)
■ verbs
send something by post They sent me the contract by post.
put something in the post (=put it in a box to be collected) I put it in the post on Friday, so it should have arrived today.
get something in the post (=receive it) Did you get anything in the post today?
something comes/arrives in the post This letter came in the post this morning.
something gets lost in the post I'm afraid the cheque must have got lost in the post.
■ adjectives
first-class post The package arrived by first-class post.
second-class post Items sent by second-class post can take up to five days to arrive.

COLLOCATIONS (for Meaning 4)
■ adjectives
first/second/last post (=the first, second, or last collection or delivery of letters each day) The last post is at 5.30.
■ verbs
catch the post (=post your letter in time for it to be collected) He wrote the letter hurriedly because he was anxious to catch the post.
miss the post (=not post your letter in time for it to be collected) If I miss the post today, the card won’t arrive on her birthday.
the post goes (=it is collected) The first post goes at 7.30 am.
• • •
THESAURUS
job noun [countable] the regular paid work that you do for an employer: a full-time job | John got a job in a car factory.
work noun [uncountable] activities that you are paid for doing – used either when you work for an employer or when you work in your own business: I started work when I was 18. | He graduated from college last year and is still looking for work.
profession noun [countable] a job for which you need special education and training: There are now a lot more women in the legal profession. | Many teachers are leaving the profession.
occupation noun [countable] formal a job, or a type of job – often used on official documents: Please give your name, age, and occupation. | a traditionally male occupation
career noun [countable] the work you do or plan to do for most of your life: I’m interested in a career in journalism.
position noun [countable] formal a particular job within an organization: I am writing to apply for the position of technical assistant. | We regret that the position has already been filled. | Please state the position which you are applying for.
post noun [countable] formal a job, especially an important one in a large organization: She has held the post of managing director for two years. | He applied for the post of Senior Manager.
vacancy/opening noun [countable] a job that is available for someone to do: The hospital has been unable to fill the vacancy. | There are very few openings in scientific research.
appointment noun [countable] an important job which someone is asked to do: He took an appointment as US trade ambassador in Geneva.
posting noun [countable] a situation in which someone is sent somewhere to do a job for a period of time by the organization they work for: This was his first posting outside the UK. | an overseas posting | His next posting took him to the Ministry of Defence.
trade noun [countable] a job that involves using your hands, and for which you need special training: Most of the men had worked in skilled trades such as carpentry and printing.
employment noun [uncountable] the fact of having a job: The factory will provide employment for local people. | She was offered employment in the sales office.

Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

post

post [post posts posted posting] noun, verb   [pəʊst]    [poʊst]

noun  

LETTERS
1. (BrE) (also mail NAmE, BrE) uncountable the official system used for sending and delivering letters, packages, etc
I'll send the original to you by post.
I'll put the information in the post to you tomorrow.

• My application got lost in the post.

2. (BrE) (also mail NAmE, BrE) uncountable letters, packages, etc. that are sent and delivered
• There was a lot of post this morning.

• Have you opened your post yet?

3. (BrE) uncountable, singular an occasion during the day when letters, etc. are collected or delivered
to catch/miss the post
The parcel came in this morning's post.
Payment should be sent by return of post (= immediately).

• Do you get a second post here?  

JOB

4. countable a job, especially an important one in a large organization
Syn:  position
an academic/government post
to take up a post
to resign (from) a post
We will be creating 15 new posts next year.
The company has been unable to fill the post.
He has held the post for three years.

• She was offered a key post in the new government.

5. (especially NAmE) (BrE usually posting) an act of sending sb to a particular place to do their job, especially for a limited period of time
• an overseas post

• The island is rated by diplomats as a hardship post (= one that people do not like to be sent to because it is not a very comfortable place to live).  

FOR SOLDIER/GUARD

6. countable the place where sb, especially a soldier, does their job
a police/customs/military post
an observation post
The guards were ordered not to leave their posts.
• Three soldiers were shot dead at a border post.

see also  last post, staging post, trading post  

WOOD/METAL

7. countable (often in compounds) a piece of wood or metal that is set in the ground in a vertical position, especially to support sth or to mark a point
corner posts (= that mark the corners of a sports field)
• The team's ‘net’ was a piece of string tied to two posts.

see also  bedpost, gatepost, lamp post, signpost  

END OF RACE

8. the post singular the place where a race finishes, especially in horse racing

see also  first-past-the-post, winning post  

 

FOOTBALL
9. countable, usually singular =  goalpost

• The ball hit the post and bounced in.  

INTERNET

10. (also post·ing) countable (computing) a message sent to a discussion group on the Internet; a piece of writing that forms part of a blog
The forum does not allow posts from non-members.
a blog post
I love reading her posts because I learn so much.
She wrote a great post about the experience on her blog.
see deaf as a post at  deaf, be driven, pushed, etc. from pillar to post at  pillar  
Word Origin:
n. senses 6 to 8 and v. senses 6 to 7 Old English Latin postis ‘doorpost’ ‘rod, beam’ Middle English Old French post ‘pillar, beam’ Middle Dutch Middle Low German post ‘doorpost’
n. senses 1 to 3 and v. senses 1 to 3
early 16th cent. French poste Italian posta Latin posita ponere ‘to place’
n. senses 4 to 5 and v. senses 4 to 5 mid 16th cent. French poste Italian posto popular Latin positum ponere ‘to place’
 
Culture:
postal services
Most letters and packages posted in Britain are dealt with by the Royal Mail, which is part of the Royal Mail Group Ltd, together with Parcelforce, which delivers larger packages, and the Post Office, which manages the country’s many post offices. As well as selling stamps, post offices take in letters and packages that are to be sent by special delivery. Post offices also sell vehicle licences and often greetings cards and stationery. In villages they are often combined with a newsagent’s and general store. In recent years, many smaller post offices have been closed because they do not make a profit, though this often led to protests from local people.
Mail (= letters, bills, etc.) is often called post in British English. When sending a letter, people can choose between two levels of service, first class or the cheaper second class. Normally, first-class mail is delivered the day after it is posted and second-class mail within two or three days. Every address in Britain includes a postcode of letters and numbers, for example OX1 2PX for an address in Oxford, that makes it possible to sort the post by machine. Letters are posted in red postboxes, also called letter boxes. Each has a sign giving times of collections. Postmen and women deliver mail each morning direct to homes and businesses. They put the mail through a flap in the door, which is also called a letter box. In the country they travel round in red vans, but in towns and villages they often ride bicycles.
The system that deals with mail in the US, the US Postal Service (USPS), is an independent part of the government. Its head is the Postmaster General. Mail carriers, sometimes called mailmen though many are women, deliver mail to homes and businesses once a day. Most homes have mailboxes fixed outside, near the door. It is very uncommon for a house to have a letter box in the door for letters. People whose houses are a long way from the road have a special rural mailbox by the road. This has a flag which the mail carrier raises so that the people in the house can see when they have mail. To mail (= send) a letter, people leave it on top of their own mailbox or put it in one of the many blue mailboxes in cities and towns. Every address in the US includes an abbreviation for the name of the state and a ZIP code, which is used to help sort the mail. Post offices sell stamps and deal with mail that has to be insured. Most cities have one post office which stays open late. Americans complain about the Postal Service, but it usually does an efficient job at a reasonable price.
In the US only Postal Service can deliver mail to letter boxes and the Service has a monopoly on first-class mail that is not urgent.In Britain the post office lost its monopoly on delivery of post in 2006. In both countries there are many companies who provide courier and messenger services for urgent mail. The largest of these include FedEx and DHL. In Britain private companies may also deliver mail to letter boxes. 
Thesaurus:
post noun
1. U (BrE)
Have you opened your post yet?
mailletter|formal correspondence
post/mail/a letter/correspondence from/to sb
open the post/the mail/a letter
the post/the mail/a letter arrives
2. C
The was a high roof supported by wooden posts.
pillarcolumnsupportgirder
tall posts/pillars/columns
a/an iron/steel post/pillar/column/support/girder
a wooden post/pillar/column/support
a post/pillar/column/girder supports sth 
British/American:
post / mail
Nouns
In BrE the official system used for sending and delivering letters, parcels/packages, etc. is usually called the post. In NAmE it is usually called the mail: I’ll put an application form in the post/mail for you today. Send your fee by post/mail to this address. Mail is sometimes used in BrE in such expressions as the Royal Mail. Post occurs in NAmE in such expressions as the US Postal Service.
In BrE post is also used to mean the letters, parcels/packages, etc. that are delivered to you. Mail is the usual word in NAmE and is sometimes also used in BrE: Was there any post/mail this morning? I sat down to open my post/mail. Verbs
Compare: I’ll post the letter when I go out. (BrE) and I’ll mail the letter when I go out. (NAmE)Compounds
Note these words: postman (BrE), mailman/mail carrier (both NAmE); postbox (BrE), mailbox (NAmE) Some compounds are used in both BrE and NAmE: post office, postcard, mail order. 
Synonyms:
job
position post vacancy appointment
These are all words for a position doing work for which you receive regular payment.
joba position doing work for which you receive regular payment: He's trying to get a job in a bank.
position(rather formal) a job: a senior position in a large corporation
job or position?
Position usually refers to a particular job within an organization, especially at a high level, and is not usually used about about jobs generally. It is also often used in job applications, descriptions and advertisements.
posta job, especially an important one in a large organization: a key post in the new government
vacancya job that is available for sb to do: We have several vacancies for casual workers.
appointment(rather formal, especially BrE) a job or position of responsibility: This is a permanent appointment, requiring commitment and hard work.
a permanent/temporary job/position/post/vacancy/appointment
a full-time/part-time job/position/post/vacancy/appointment
to have/have got a(n) job/position/post/vacancy/appointment
to apply for/fill a job/position/post/vacancy
to resign from/leave/quit a job/position/post 
Example Bank:
He steered a shot between the goalkeeper and the near post.
He took up a teaching post at Basle University.
He was dismissed from his post when he was found to have accepted bribes.
I sent it by first-class post.
I want to apologize for not making a post on Friday.
If you hurry you'll just catch the last post.
More info can be found in my first post on the subject.
My application for the job is in the post.
Orders will be sent by return of post.
Seth made a blog post titled ‘Rules of Engagement’.
She applied for the new post of training officer.
She arrived at the office early and checked her post.
She led for most of the way before being pipped at the post.
The first horse past the post wins the race.
The guard took up his post at the gate.
The gun crew were at their posts.
The sentries had deserted their posts.
To respond to your comments, please see my previous post.
He has held the post for five years.
He was first past the winning post.
Ideally I'm looking for an academic post.
She tied the dog to a post.
She's due to take up the post next month.
The book arrived in the morning post.
The car skidded and hit a lamp post.
The team's ‘net’ was a piece of string tied to two posts.
Three company directors have resigned (from) their posts.
We have been unable to fill the post.
a Cabinet post
• corner posts

Idiom: keep somebody posted 

 

Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary

Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary - 4th Edition
 

post / pəʊst /   / poʊst / noun (LETTERS)

A2 [ U ] mainly UK ( US usually mail ) letters and parcels that are delivered to homes or places of work:

I'd been away for a few days so I had a lot of post waiting for me.

Unless it's marked 'private', my secretary usually opens my post.

Has the post come/arrived yet?

A2 [ U ] mainly UK ( US usually mail ) the public system that exists for the collecting and delivering of letters:

My letter must have got lost in the post.

If you don't want to take it there, you can just send it by post.

[ S ] UK the time during the day when letters, etc. are collected or delivered:

I missed the post this morning.

Did you manage to catch the post?
 

post / pəʊst /   / poʊst / noun (JOB)

B2 [ C ] a job in a company or organization:

Teaching posts are advertised in Tuesday's edition of the paper.

She's held the post for 13 years.

They have several vacant posts.
 

post / pəʊst /   / poʊst / noun (POLE)

[ C ] a vertical stick or pole fixed into the ground, usually to support something or show a position [ C ] used as a combining form:

a lamppost

a signpost

the post in the sport of horse racing, the place where the race finishes or, less often, the place from which the race starts in sports such as football, a goalpost (= either of two vertical posts showing the area in which the ball is kicked to score points)

See picture sports 2

 

post / pəʊst /   / poʊst / noun [ C ] (PLACE)

the particular place where someone works, especially where a soldier is told to be for military duty, usually as a guard:

The soldier was disciplined for deserting his post.

I was ordered to remain at my post until the last customer had left.

 

post / pəʊst /   / poʊst / noun (MESSAGE)

an electronic message that you send to a website in order to allow many people to see it

→  Compare posting (MESSAGE)

© Cambridge University Press 2013

Collins COBUILD Advanced Learner’s English Dictionary

post

I [po͟ʊst]LETTERS, PARCELS, AND INFORMATION
 

 posts, posting, posted
 1) N-SING: the N, also by N The post is the public service or system by which letters and packages are collected and delivered. [mainly BRIT]
  You'll receive your book through the post...
  The winner will be notified by post...
  The cheque is in the post.
  Syn:
  mail(in AM, usually use mail)
 2) N-UNCOUNT You can use post to refer to letters and packages that are delivered to you. [mainly BRIT]
  He flipped through the post without opening any of it...
  There has been no post in three weeks.
  Syn:
  mail(in AM, usually use mail)
 3) N-UNCOUNT: supp N Post is used to refer to an occasion when letters or packages are delivered. For example, first post on a particular day is the first time that things are delivered. [mainly BRIT]
  Entries must arrive by first post next Wednesday...
  They just have to wait patiently for the next post.
  Syn:
  delivery
 4) VERB If you post a letter or package, you send it to someone by putting it in a post box or by taking it to a post office. [mainly BRIT]
  [V n] If I write a letter, would you post it for me?...
  [V n n] I'm posting you a cheque tonight...
  [V n to n] I posted a letter to Stanley saying I was an old Army friend.
  Syn:
  mail
 PHRASAL VERB
 Post off means the same as post. V n P He'd left me to pack up the mail and post it off... V P n (not pron) All you do is complete and post off a form. (in AM, usually use mail)
 5) VERB If you post notices, signs, or other pieces of information somewhere, you fix them to a wall or board so that everyone can see them.
  [V n] Officials began posting warning notices...
  [V n prep/adv] She has posted photographs on bulletin boards.
 PHRASAL VERB
 Post up means the same as post. V n P He has posted a sign up that says `No Fishing'... Also V n P prep/adv V P n (not pron) We post up a set of rules for the house.
 6) VERB If you post information on the Internet, you make the information available to other people on the Internet.
  [be V-ed] A consultation paper has been posted on the Internet inviting input from Net users.
 7) PHRASE: keep inflects, oft PHR on/with n If you keep someone posted, you keep giving them the latest information about a situation that they are interested in.
  Keep me posted on your progress.II [po͟ʊst]JOBS AND PLACES
 

 posts, posting, posted
 1) N-COUNT: usu with supp, oft N of/as n A post in a company or organization is a job or official position in it, usually one that involves responsibility. [FORMAL]
  She had earlier resigned her post as President Menem's assistant...
  Sir Peter has held several senior military posts.
  Syn:
  position
 2) VERB: usu passive If you are posted somewhere, you are sent there by the organization that you work for and usually work there for several years.
  [be V-ed prep/adv] After training she was posted to Brixton...
  [be V-ed prep/adv] It is normal to spend two or three years working in this country before being posted overseas.
 3) N-COUNT: usu poss N You can use post to refer to the place where a soldier, guard, or other person has been told to remain and to do his or her job.
  Quick men, back to your post!
  Syn:
  station, position
 4) VERB If a soldier, guard, or other person is posted somewhere, they are told to stand there, in order to supervise an activity or guard a place.
  [be V-ed prep/adv] Police have now been posted outside all temples...
  [V n prep/adv] British Rail had to post a signalman at the entrance to the tunnel...
  [V-ed] We have guards posted near the windows. [Also be V-ed]
  Syn:
  position
 5) → See also posting, staging postIII [po͟ʊst]POLES
 posts
 (Please look at category 4 to see if the expression you are looking for is shown under another headword.)
 1) N-COUNT A post is a strong upright pole made of wood or metal that is fixed into the ground.
  You have to get eight wooden posts, and drive them into the ground...
  The device is fixed to a post.
  Syn:
  pole
 2) N-COUNT A post is the same as a goalpost.
  Wimbledon were unlucky not to win after hitting the post twice.
  Syn:
  goalpost
 3) N-SING: the N On a horse-racing track, the post is a pole which marks the finishing point.
 4) → See also first-past-the-post
 to pip someone at the postsee pip

 

Merriam-Webster's Advanced Learner's Dictionary

Merriam-Webster's Advanced Learner's Dictionary: 

4post noun, pl posts
1 [count]
a : the place where a soldier or guard is told to be
• No matter what happens, do not abandon your post. [=do not leave your assigned area]
• a command post
b : the place where someone does a job
• The bartender returned to her post behind the counter.
c : a place where soldiers are sent to live for a period of time : camp
• My cousin's Army unit was recently sent to a post in Alaska.
• The large post houses over 25,000 people.
- see also staging post
2 [count] : a usually important job or position in a large organization
• Our old supervisor just retired, so they're looking for someone to fill his post.
• He resigned from his post as superintendent of public schools.
• She applied for a government/administrative post.
3 [count] : trading post
4 the post basketball
a : the area on a basketball court that is near the basket
• He was standing in the post all alone.
b : the position of a player who is in the post
• She usually plays the post.

- compare 1post, 3post

3post noun, pl posts
1 [noncount] chiefly Brit
a : postal service
• We don't have a telephone at the cottage, so contact us by post. [=mail]
• There are strict rules against sending dangerous materials through the post.
b : letters or packages sent by post : mail
• He got a summer job delivering the post.
• Has the post come yet?
• After lunch, she sat and read the post.
• I put the payment in the post [=I mailed the payment] this morning.
- see also parcel post
2 [count] : a message on an online message board
• The Internet newsgroup is very active, with over 50 posts per day.
- called also posting,
by return of post
- see 2return

- compare 1post, 4post

1post /ˈpoʊst/ noun, pl posts [count]
1 : a piece of wood or metal that is set in an upright position into or on the ground especially as a support or marker
• fence posts
- see picture at house
2 : a pole that marks the starting or finishing point of a horse race - usually singular
• a horse's post position [=the position of a horse in the line of horses at the start of a race]
• (Brit) The horses galloped toward the finishing post.
3 : goalpost
- usually singular
• The shot hit the post.
from pillar to post
- see pillar

- compare 3post, 4post

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