present

English translation unavailable for .

present

US /ˈprez.ənt/ 
UK /ˈprez.ənt/ 

something you give someone on a special occasion or to thank them for something SYN gift

Persian equivalent: 

هديه‌، کادو 

Example: 

He brought presents for his children.

او برای فرزندانش هدایایی آورد. 

Oxford Essential Dictionary

noun

1 (plural presents) something that you give to somebody or get from somebody same meaning gift:
What can I get him for a birthday present?

2 (no plural) the time now:
I can't help you at present – I'm too busy.

3 the present (also the present tense) (no plural) (grammar) the form of a verb that you use to talk about what is happening or what exists now
Look at future and past.

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English

III. present3 S2 W3 /ˈprezənt/ BrE AmE noun
[Sense 1: Date: 1200-1300; Language: Old French; Origin: presenter; ⇨ present2]
[Sense 2-4: Date: 1200-1300; Origin: ⇨ present1]

1. [countable] something you give someone on a special occasion or to thank them for something SYN gift:
I’m looking for a present for Mark.
2. the present
a) the time that is happening now:
Stop worrying about the past and live in the present.
The film is set sometime between 1995 and the present.
‘When do you want to start?’ ‘Well, there’s no time like the present (=used to say that if you are going to do something at all, you should do it now).’
b) technical the form of the verb that shows what exists or is happening now SYN the present tense
3. at present at this time SYN now:
The item you want is not available at present.
At present, the airport handles 110 flights a day.
REGISTER
In everyday English, people usually say at the moment rather than at present:
▪ I’m looking for a new job at the moment.
4. for the present something that exists or will be done for the present exists now and will continue for a while, though it may change in the future:
The company is still in business, at least for the present.
REGISTER
In everyday English, people usually say for now, rather than for the present:
▪ That’s all we have time for for now.
• • •
COLLOCATIONS
■ verbs
give somebody a present He gave everyone a present.
give something as a present I was given this book as a present.
buy somebody a present (also get somebody a present informal) I want to buy a present for Lucy but I'm not sure what she'd like. | Did you get Bill a birthday present?
get a present (=receive a present) Children soon learn to enjoy giving presents as well as getting them.
wrap a present She spent the afternoon wrapping Christmas presents.
open/unwrap a present Can we open our presents now?
exchange presents (=give each other a present) We always exchange Christmas and birthday presents.
■ ADJECTIVES/NOUN + present
a birthday present Thanks for the birthday present.
a Christmas present What would Dad like as a Christmas present?
a wedding present His wedding present to her had been a diamond necklace.
■ COMMON ERRORS
► Do not say 'unpack a present'. Say open a present.

Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

noun   [ˈpreznt]  ;   [ˈpreznt]
1. a thing that you give to sb as a gift
birthday/Christmas/wedding, etc. presents

• What can I get him for a birthday present?

2. (usually the present) singular the time now
• You've got to forget the past and start living in the present.

• I'm sorry he's out at present (= now).

3. the present singular (grammar) =  present tense
see for the moment/present at  moment, (there is) no time like the present at  time  n.  
Word Origin:
adj. and n. senses 2 to 3 Middle English Old French Latin praesent- ‘being at hand’ praeesse prae ‘before’ esse ‘be’
v. Middle English Old French presenter Latin praesentare ‘place before’ medieval Latin ‘present as a gift’ praesent- ‘being at hand’ praeesse prae ‘before’ esse ‘be’
n. sense 1 Middle English Old French mettre une chose en present à quelqu'un ‘put a thing into the presence of a person’
 
Thesaurus:
present noun C
• a birthday present
gift • • donation • • contribution • • tip • |formal gratuity • |often disapproving handout
a present/gift/donation/contribution/tip/gratuity/handout for/from sb
present/gift/donation/contribution to sb/sth
give (sb) a present/gift/donation/tip
Present or gift? Especially in British English gift is more formal than present and is used more in business contexts. A present is usually an object but a gift may be a sum of money, or sth such as the gift of love/life.  
Example Bank:
• At Christmas, family and friends exchange presents.
• Customers may return unwanted presents in exchange for vouchers.
• It's a present to us all from Granny.
• My nephew loves this bike so I'm going to make him a present of it.
• Santa Claus handed out presents to the children.
• a present for my daughter
• Have you bought any Christmas presents yet?

• The watch was a gift/present from my mother.

Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary

Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary - 4th Edition
 

ˌ Christmas ˈ stocking noun [ C ]

a large sock that children leave out when they go to bed the night before Christmas so that it can be filled with presents

 

present / ˈprez. ə nt / noun (NOW)

the present B1 [ S ] the period of time that is happening now, not the past or the future:

That's all for the present.

The play is set in the present.

→  See also presently (NOW)

the present (tense) A1 [ S ] the form of the verb that is used to show what happens or exists now:

All the verbs in this text are in the present.

at present B1 formal now:

"Are you busy?" "Not at present."

At present she's working abroad.

© Cambridge University Press 2013

Collins COBUILD Advanced Learner’s English Dictionary

present

I EXISTING OR HAPPENING NOW
 ♦♦

 (Pronounced [pre̱z(ə)nt] in present 1, 2, and 3, and [prɪze̱nt] in present 4.)
 1) ADJ: ADJ n You use present to describe things and people that exist now, rather than those that existed in the past or those that may exist in the future.
  He has brought much of the present crisis on himself.
  ...the government's present economic difficulties...
  It has been skilfully renovated by the present owners...
  No statement can be made at the present time.
  Syn:
  current
 2) N-SING: the N The present is the period of time that we are in now and the things that are happening now.
  ...his struggle to reconcile the past with the present.
  ...continuing right up to the present...
  Then her thoughts would switch to the present.
 3) ADJ: ADJ n In grammar, the present tenses of a verb are the ones that are used to talk about things that happen regularly or situations that exist at this time. The simple present tense uses the base form or the `s' form of a verb, as in `I play tennis twice a week' and `He works in a bank'.
 4) PHRASE: PHR with cl/group A situation that exists at present exists now, although it may change.
  There is no way at present of predicting which individuals will develop the disease...
  At present children under 14 are not permitted in bars.
  Syn:
  at the moment
 5) PHRASE: prep PHR The present day is the period of history that we are in now.
  ...Western European art from the period of Giotto to the present day.
  ...monastic music of the present day.
  Syn:
  today
 6) PHRASE: PHR with cl Something that exists or will be done for the present exists now or will continue for a while, although the situation may change later.
  The ministers had expressed the unanimous view that sanctions should remain in place for the present.
  Syn:
  for the time being
 7) PHRASE If you say `There's no time like the present', you are suggesting to someone that they should do something now, not later.
  Don't wait until New Year to resolve to organise your life. There's no time like the present.II BEING SOMEWHERE
 ♦♦

 (Pronounced [pre̱z(ə)nt] in present 1, 2, and 3, and [prɪze̱nt] in present 4.)
 1) ADJ: v-link ADJ, oft ADJ at n If someone is present at an event, they are there.
  The president was not present at the meeting...
  Nearly 85 per cent of men are present at the birth of their children...
  The whole family was present.
  Ant:
  absent
 2) ADJ: v-link ADJ, oft ADJ in n If something, especially a substance or disease, is present in something else, it exists within that thing.
  This special form of vitamin D is naturally present in breast milk...
  One theory is that the infection has been present in humans for a very long time...
  If the gene is present, a human embryo will go on to develop as a male.
  Ant:
  absentIII GIFT
 presents
 N-COUNT
 (Pronounced [pre̱z(ə)nt] in present 1, 2, and 3, and [prɪze̱nt] in present 4.)
 A present is something that you give to someone, for example at Christmas or when you visit them.
  The carpet was a wedding present from the Prime Minister...
  I bought a birthday present for my mother...
  This book would make a great Christmas present.
 Syn:
 giftIV VERB USES
 ♦♦

 presents, presenting, presented
 (Pronounced [pre̱z(ə)nt] in present 1, 2, and 3, and [prɪze̱nt] in present 4.)
 1) VERB If you present someone with something such as a prize or document, or if you present it to them, you formally give it to them.
  [V n with n] The mayor presented him with a gold medal at an official city reception...
  [V n] Prince Michael of Kent presented the prizes...
  [V n to n] The group intended to present this petition to the parliament.
  Derived words:
  presentation N-UNCOUNT usu N of n Then came the presentation of the awards by the Queen Mother.
 2) VERB If something presents a difficulty, challenge, or opportunity, it causes it or provides it.
  [V n] This presents a problem for many financial consumers...
  [V n] The future is going to be one that presents many challenges...
  [V n] This summer school presents an opportunity to experience all aspects of dance...
  [V n with n] Public policy on the family presents liberals with a dilemma. [Also V n to n]
 3) VERB If an opportunity or problem presents itself, it occurs, often when you do not expect it.
  [V pron-refl] Their colleagues insulted them whenever the opportunity presented itself...
  [V pron-refl] A further obstacle has presented itself, however.
 4) VERB When you present information, you give it to people in a formal way.
  [V n] We spend the time collating and presenting the information in a variety of chart forms...
  [V n to n] We presented three options to the unions for discussion...
  [V n with n] In effect, Parsons presents us with a beguilingly simple outline of social evolution.
  Derived words:
  presentation plural N-VAR oft N of n ...in his first presentation of the theory to the Berlin Academy. ...a fair presentation of the facts to a jury... No amount of slick presentation can disguise the gap between what the government promised and what it has delivered.
 5) VERB If you present someone or something in a particular way, you describe them in that way.
  [V n as n] The government has presented these changes as major reforms...
  [V n as n] The British like to present themselves as a nation of dog-lovers...
  [V n in n] In Europe, Aga Khan III presented himself in a completely different light.
 6) VERB The way you present yourself is the way you speak and act when meeting new people.
  [V pron-refl prep/adv] ...all those tricks which would help him to present himself in a more confident way in public.
 7) VERB If someone or something presents a particular appearance or image, that is how they appear or try to appear.
  [V n] The small group of onlookers presented a pathetic sight...
  [V n] But some feel in presenting a more professional image the party risks losing its radical edge and its individuality.
  [V n to n] ...presenting a calm and dignified face to the world at large.
 8) VERB If you present yourself somewhere, you officially arrive there, for example for an appointment.
  [V pron-refl prep/adv] She was told to present herself at the Town Hall at 11.30 for the induction ceremony...
  [V pron-refl prep/adv] We presented ourselves to the authorities promptly.
 9) VERB If someone presents a programme on television or radio, they introduce each item in it. [mainly BRIT]
  [V n] She presents a monthly magazine programme on the BBC.(in AM, usually use host, introduce)
 10) VERB When someone presents something such as a production of a play or an exhibition, they organize it.
  [V n] The Lyric Theatre is presenting a new production of `Over the Bridge'.
 11) VERB If you present someone to someone else, often an important person, you formally introduce them.
  [V n to n] Fox stepped forward, welcomed him in Malay, and presented him to Jack...
  [V n] Allow me to present my wife's cousin, Mr Zachary Colenso.
  Syn:
  introduce
 12) → See also presentation

Merriam-Webster's Advanced Learner's Dictionary

Merriam-Webster's Advanced Learner's Dictionary: 

present

4pres·ent /ˈprɛzn̩t/ noun
1 [noncount] : the period of time that exists now : the present time
• Past, present, and future are all linked together.
- usually used with the
• the past, the present, and the future
• Let's leave things as they are for the present. We may change them in the future.
• I have worked here from 2000 to the present.
• Geologists believe that the present is the key to the past.
• There's no time like the present for getting things done! [=it is best to get things done right away instead of waiting until later]
2 [count] : the current condition or situation of someone or something - usually singular
• He was trying to escape his present by living in the past.
• She moved the company out of a troubled past and into a profitable present.
3 the present grammar : present tense
• The verb is in the present.
at present : at or during this time : at the present time : now
• Things were bad then but they're better at present.
At present I am working as a substitute teacher.

- compare 1present

Birthdays

  1. Is your birthday a special day to you? How do you feel about it? Do you think you were born at a good time of the year?
  2. When was your best birthday ever? How was it?
  3. How would you celebrate your birthday ideally?
  4. What presents would you love to get?
  5. Do you enjoy surprise birthday parties or you prefer everything to be planned?
  6. What would you do if your friends/family/best friend /partner forgot your birthday?
  7. Have you ever forgotten an important birthday? What happened?

Gifts

  1. What's the best gift you have ever received? Who gave it to you and what was it for?
  2. Who do you usually give gifts to? How often?
  3. What do you do if you get a gift which you don't like?
  4. Do you ever tell others what gifts they buy for you?
  5. If you could choose a birthday present for yourself, what would that be?
  6. Is there any gift which is considered unlucky in your culture? What are some common gifts in your country?
  7. Does the price of the gift matter to you? Do you prefer very expensive gifts or something from heart?
Subscribe to RSS - present