English translation unavailable for .


US /ˈper.ənt/ 
UK /ˈpeə.rənt/ 

the father or mother of a person or animal

Persian equivalent: 

پدر یا مادر، والده


My parents have passed away

پدر و مادر من فوت کرده اند.

Oxford Essential Dictionary

a mother or father:
Her parents live in Italy.

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English


parent S1 W1 /ˈpeərənt $ ˈper-/ BrE AmE noun [countable]
[Date: 1400-1500; Language: Old French; Origin: Latin, present participle of parere 'to give birth to']
1. the father or mother of a person or animal:
Children under 14 should be accompanied by a parent.
The eggs are guarded by both parents.
Melissa’s spending the weekend at her parents’ house. ⇨ ↑birth parent, ⇨ foster parents at ↑foster2(3), ⇨ lone parent at ↑lone(2), ⇨ ↑one-parent family, ↑single parent
2. something that produces other things of the same type:
New shoots appear near the parent plant.
3. a company which owns a smaller company or organization:
Land Rover’s new parent
• • •
a single parent (also a lone parent British English) (=someone who has their children living with them, but no partner) My mum is a single parent.
somebody's biological/natural parents Most children are reared by their natural parents.
somebody's birth parents (=the ones who are biologically related to them) Only half the children who are adopted wish to discover their birth parents.
somebody's real parents (=their biological parents) I was thrilled to have found my real parents.
adoptive parents (=the people who take someone else's child into their home and legally become his or her parents) Adoptive parents often have little practical preparation for parenthood.
a foster parent (=someone who has other people's children living with them) Teresa was removed from her mother's care and placed with foster parents.

Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary


par·ent [parent parents parented parenting]   [ˈpeərənt]    [ˈperənt]  noun
1. usually plural a person's father or mother
He's still living with his parents.
her adoptive parents
Sue and Ben have recently become parents.
• It can be difficult to be a good parent.

see also  one-parent family, single parent, step-parent

2. an animal or a plant which produces other animals or plants

• the parent bird/tree

3. (often used as an adjective) an organization that produces and owns or controls smaller organizations of the same type
a parent bank and its subsidiaries
the parent company  
Word Origin:
late Middle English: from Old French, from Latin parent- ‘bringing forth’, from the verb parere. The verb dates from the mid 17th cent.  
parent noun C, usually pl.
He's forty but still living with his parents.
motherfatherstep-parent/stepmother/stepfatherguardian|informal, especially spoken daddaddy|BrE, informal, especially spoken mummummy|AmE, informal, especially spoken mommommyfolks
a good/bad/caring/loving/doting/devoted/proud parent/mother/father/dad/mum/mom
a stern/strict parent/mother/father/step-parent/guardian
become a/sb's parent/mother/father/step-parent/guardian/dad/mum/mom 
Example Bank:
The study showed that children with involved parents do better at school.
The subsidiary eventually outgrew its parent company and took it over.
They have just become the proud parents of a baby girl.
single-parent families
the identities of the adoptive parents
• He's still living with his parents.

• We are looking for volunteers to act as foster parents.

Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary


parent /ˈpeə.rənt/ US /ˈper.ənt/
noun [C]
a mother or father of a person or an animal:
I'm going to meet Richard's parents for the first time this weekend.

parentage /ˈpeə.rən.tɪdʒ/ US /ˈper.ən.ţɪdʒ/
noun [U]
When you refer to a person's parentage, you mean their parents and/or their parent's country and social class:
The novel starts when a child of unknown parentage is left at the house of the local priest.
She is of mixed Australian and Japanese parentage.

parental /pəˈren.təl/ US /-ţəl/
connected with parents or with being a parent:
parental advice/influence
The government repeatedly stressed its support for parental choice in the selection of a child's school.

parenthood /ˈpeə.rənt.hʊd/ US /ˈper.ənt-/
noun [U]
the state of being a parent:
The prospect of parenthood filled her with horror.

parenting /ˈpeə.rən.tɪŋ/ US /ˈp
noun [U]
the raising of children and all the responsibilities and activities that are involved in it

Collins COBUILD Advanced Learner’s English Dictionary



Frequency: The word is one of the 700 most common words in English.

Your parents are your mother and father.
Children need their parents...
When you become a parent the things you once cared about seem to have less value.
N-COUNT: usu pl
see also foster parent, one-parent family, single parent

An organization’s parent organization is the organization that created it and usually still controls it.
Each unit including the parent company has its own, local management.

Merriam-Webster's Advanced Learner's Dictionary

Merriam-Webster's Advanced Learner's Dictionary: 


par·ent /ˈperənt/ noun, pl -ents [count]
1 a : a person who is a father or mother : a person who has a child
• My parents live in New York.
• They recently became parents. = They're new parents.
• The form must be signed by a parent or guardian of the child.
• A few of us are single parents. [=parents who live with a child or children and no husband, wife, or partner]
• my adoptive parents [=the people who adopted me]
• The organization helps people who were adopted find their birth/biological parents. [=their natural parents]
• They'd like to become foster parents. [=people who volunteer to care for a child who is not their biological child]
- compare grandparent, stepparent
b : an animal or plant that produces a young animal or plant
• The parent brings food to the chicks.
• the parent bird
• The new plant will have characteristics of both parent plants.
2 a : something out of which another thing has developed - usually used before another noun
• Latin is the parent language of several languages, including Italian, Spanish, and French.
b : a company or organization that owns and controls a smaller company or organization
• the hospital's corporate parent = the corporate parent of the hospital
- often used before another noun
• a parent bank/company/corporation/firm
- pa·ren·tal /pəˈrɛntl̩/ adj always used before a noun
parental responsibility/consent


  1. How would you describe an ideal parent?
  2. What is the best thing about your mother/father?
  3. If you are a parent, do you think you are a good one? If not, do you guess you would make a good one?
  4. As a parent would you let your child go out with her/his friends in early teens?
  5. As a parent would you allow your child pierce their bodies? Why? Why not?
  6. How can you bring up your children to be independent?
  7. Do you spoil your children? If so in what ways? If not, why?
  8. How would you handle sibling rivalry?


  1. Do you know anyone who has adopted a child? How old is the child now? When did they tell the child about it?
  2. What are the major reasons people choose to adopt?
  3. What do you think about international adoption?
  4. What are some of the problems that parents may face when they adopt a child?
  5. What are some of the problems that an adopted child may face?
  6. If you were going to adopt a child, would you go for a girl or for a boy? Why?
  7. Should you tell a child that he/she has been adopted? If so, at what age?


  1. Do you like babies?
  2. Did you have a babysitter as a child? How would you describe her?
  3. Should working parents get help from babysitters or leave their babies in daycare centers? What are the advantages and disadvantages of each?
  4. Have you ever taken care of a baby in the absence of his/her parents? How was the experience?
  5. Would you ever consider babysitting as a job?
  6. Are babysitters well-paid in your country?
  7. How can parents observe/control babysitters?
  8. How can you find a good, trustworthy babysitter in your country?


  1. Do you have a reasonable level of self-esteem? Why/why not?
  2. To what extent are you aware of your weaknesses and strengths? How do you feel about your weaknesses?
  3. How can you improve your self-esteem?
  4. What are the factors that build your self-esteem?
  5. Can doing sports increase your self-esteem? How?
  6. If you have a low self-esteem, what do you guess are the contributing factors? Who do you blame it for, you parents, education system, etc?

Generation Gap

  1. How old are you? How old are your parents? Is it OK?
  2. Are your friends mostly the same age as you are, older or younger? Why?
  3. Have you experienced the moment when you say "now I understand my mum/dad"? When was it? How old were you?
  4. Do you ever disagree with your friends/ parents or sisters and brothers on music, fashion or values?
  5. How long does a generation last? What forms the ideas and values of a generation?
  6. How do you compare your generation with the previous one and the next one?
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