1 (British) (American yard) a piece of land by your house where you can grow flowers, fruit, and vegetables:
Let's have lunch in the garden.
2 gardens (plural) a public park:
>> garden verb (gardens, gardening, gardened ) to work in a garden:
My mother was gardening all weekend.
>> gardening noun (no plural) the work that you do in a garden to keep it looking attractive
I. gar‧den1 S1 W1 /ˈɡɑːdn $ ˈɡɑːr-/ noun
[Word Family: noun: garden, gardener, gardening; verb: garden]
[Date: 1300-1400; Language: Old North French; Origin: probably from Vulgar Latin (hortus) gardinus 'enclosed (garden)']
1. [countable] British English the area of land next to a house, where there are flowers, grass, and other plants, and often a place for people to sit SYN yard American English:
• He’s outside in the garden.
• Grace brought us some flowers from her garden.
back/front garden (=at the back or front of the house)
2. [countable] a part of the area next to a house, which has plants and flowers in it:
• The house has a beautiful herb garden.
3. gardens [plural] a large area of land where plants and flowers are grown so that the public can go and see them:
• the Botanical Gardens at Kew
4. Gardens British English used in the name of streets:
• 211 Roland Gardens
⇨ kitchen garden, market garden, ⇨ lead somebody up the garden path at lead1(12)
• • •
COLLOCATIONS(for Meanings 1 & 2)■ ADJECTIVES/NOUN + garden
▪ overgrown (=covered with plants that have grown in an uncontrolled way) • The garden is getting rather overgrown.
▪ well-kept/tidy British English (also neat American English) • The hotel is set in a well-kept garden.
▪ untidy • There was a small untidy garden behind the house.
▪ the front garden British English (=at the front of a house) • Their house had a small front garden.
▪ the back garden British English (=behind a house) • The children are playing in the back garden.
▪ a flower/rose garden (=a garden planted with flowers/roses) • The cottage was surrounded by a flower garden.
▪ a kitchen garden British English (=where you grow fruit and vegetables) • The kitchen garden supplies vegetables to the manor house.
▪ a vegetable/herb garden (=where vegetables/herbs are grown) • Rows of lettuces had been sown in the vegetable garden.
▪ a rock garden (=a garden with rocks that have plants growing between them) • She helped me choose plants for the rock garden.
▪ water the garden • It hasn’t rained for a week – I should water the garden.
▪ weed the garden (=remove unwanted wild plants) • She was outside weeding the garden.
▪ plant a garden • They planted a beautiful rose garden in her memory.
■ garden + NOUN
▪ a garden shed (=a small building in the garden for storing tools and equipment) • We keep the lawnmower in the garden shed.
▪ garden tools (=tools that you use for digging, planting etc in the garden) • Choose the right garden tool and you’ll do the job properly.
▪ a garden centre British English, a garden center American English (=a shop selling plants and things for the garden) • I bought the plants at the garden centre.
▪ garden furniture (=chairs and tables used in a garden) • Garden furniture sells well when the weather is warm.
▪ a garden hose (=a long rubber tube used for watering a garden) • He accidentally left the garden hose running.
▪ a garden pond (=a small area of water in a garden) • The garden pond was full of fish.
▪ a garden gnome (=a stone or plastic figure in a garden, which looks like a little old man with a pointed hat) • Somebody had stolen one of their garden gnomes.
▪ the garden gate (= the gate between a garden and the street) • Martin was waiting by the garden gate.
▪ a garden path • Elaine walked up the garden path and into the house.
▪ garden waste (=grass, leaves etc that you have cut and do not want) • The brown bin is for garden waste.
▪ the bottom of the garden British English (=the end of the garden, away from the house) • There was a trampoline at the bottom of the garden.
THESAURUS■ areas and structures in a garden
▪ lawn [countable] an area of short grass in a garden: • They were sitting on the front lawn of the house.
▪ flowerbed [countable] an area of ground where you grow flowers: • The flowerbeds were well maintained.
▪ rockery [countable] British English an area of a garden where there are rocks with small flowers growing between them
▪ hedge [countable] a row of small bushes or trees growing close together, used for dividing one garden from another: • a beech hedge
▪ vegetable patch/plot [countable] (also kitchen garden British English) a part of a garden where you grow vegetables
▪ patio [countable] a flat stone area next to a house, where people sit outside
▪ decking [uncountable] a flat wooden area in a garden, where people can sit
▪ pond [countable] a small area of water in a garden
▪ water feature [countable] a small pool or structure with water running through it, used to make a garden look more attractive
▪ greenhouse [countable] a glass building where you can grow plants that need protection from the weather
▪ shed [countable] a small wooden building in a garden, where you can store things
■ work you do in a garden
▪ cut the grass/mow the lawn to cut grass using a machine: • I need to mow the lawn.
▪ trim a hedge to make a hedge look neater by cutting small pieces off it: • Hedges need to be trimmed regularly in summer.
▪ cut back/prune shrubs to cut pieces off a bush in order to make it grow better: • March is the ideal time for pruning roses.
▪ weed the flowerbeds/do some weeding to remove unwanted plants: • Dad was doing some weeding.
▪ sow seeds to put seeds in the ground: • The children had been sowing sunflower seeds.
▪ plant a plant/tree to put a plant or tree in the ground so that it will grow: • They’d planted a row of cherry trees.
▪ deadhead plants to remove the dead or dying flowers from a plant: • When deadheading roses, make sure you use sharp pruning scissors.
gar·den[gardengardensgardenedgardening]noun,verb [ˈɡɑːdn] [ˈɡɑːrdn]
1. countable (BrE) (NAmE yard) a piece of land next to or around your house where you can grow flowers, fruit, vegetables, etc, usually with a lawn (= an area of grass)
• a front/back garden
• children playing in the garden
• garden flowers/plants
• out in the garden
• a rose garden (= where only roses are grown)
see also kitchen garden, market garden, rock garden, roof garden
2. countable (NAmE) an area in a yard where you grow flowers or plants
3. countable (usually gardens) a public park
• the botanical gardens in Edinburgh
see also zoological garden
4. gardens singular (abbr. Gdns) (BrE) used in the name of streets
• 39 Belvoir Gardens
more at common or garden at common adj., lead sb up/down the garden path at lead1 v.
Middle English: from Old Northern French gardin, variant of Old French jardin, of Germanic origin; related to yard ‘area outside a building’.
1. C (BrE)
• They sat in the garden, enjoying the sunshine.
grounds • |AmE yard • • backyard • |BrE park • • parkland •
the front/back garden/yard
(a) beautiful/landscaped garden/grounds/yard/backyard/park/parkland
2. C (especially AmE)
• They planted a garden of woodland plants.
bed • • border • • patch • • kitchen garden • |especially BrE allotment •
a flower/rose garden/bed
a vegetable garden/patch
3. gardens pl.
• The botanical gardens close at 6 p.m.
park • • playground • |especially AmE garden •
visit the gardens/park/garden
• Maggie unwound the hose and watered the garden.
• Mary's out in the garden.
• Most of the hotel's salads are grown in its own kitchen garden.
• Old Mr Kenyon still keeps a garden.
• She has created a garden out of a wilderness.
• The garden is laid out in 18th-century style.
• The house overlooks the garden.
• These flowers brighten up backyard gardens all over the country.
• They hang out washing in their back gardens.
• We got someone to design the garden for us.
• We got the gravel at our local garden centre.
• We planted the garden with herbs and wild flowers.
• Weekends were spent doing the garden.
• a large country house with beautiful landscaped gardens
• a lovely Victorian walled garden
• a rock garden with an astonishing variety of alpine plants
• aphids, one of the commonest garden pests
• plants suitable for a small town garden
• Ease of cultivation makes it one of the best garden plants.
• They planted a garden of woodland plants that were native to the area.
• They sat in the garden and enjoyed the sunshine.
• a flower/rose/vegetable garden
Idiom: everything in the garden is rosy
Derived Words: gardener ▪ gardening
Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary - 4th Edition
garden / ɡɑ.d ə n / / ɡɑr- / noun
A1 [ C ] ( US usually yard ) a piece of land next to and belonging to a house, where flowers and other plants are grown, and often containing an area of grass:
a garden shed
mainly UK The house has a large back garden, and a small front garden.
C1 [ C usually plural ] a public park with flowers, plants, and places to sit:
the Botanical Gardens
© Cambridge University Press 2013
gardens, gardening, gardened
1) N-COUNT In British English, a garden is a piece of land next to a house, with flowers, vegetables, other plants, and often grass. In American English, the usual word is yard, and a garden refers only to land which is used for growing flowers and vegetables.
...the most beautiful garden on Earth.
2) VERB If you garden, you do work in your garden such as weeding or planting.
Jim gardened at the homes of friends on weekends.
gardening N-UNCOUNT I have taken up gardening again.
3) N-PLURAL Gardens are places like a park that have areas of plants, trees, and grass, and that people can visit and walk around.
The Gardens are open from 10.30am until 5pm.
4) N-IN-NAMES Gardens is sometimes used as part of the name of a street.
He lives at 9, Acacia Gardens.
1gar·den /ˈgɑɚdn̩/ noun, pl -dens
1 [count] US : an area of ground where plants (such as flowers or vegetables) are grown
• We planted a small garden in our backyard.
• a vegetable/rose garden
• a garden hose/cart/rake/path
• a garden party [=a party that takes place in a garden or in a large yard with gardens]
- see color picture
2 [count] Brit : 1yard 1
• sitting out in the back garden
3 [count] : a public area with many plants and trees
• a botanical/public garden
- often plural
• Kew Gardens
4 [count] US : a large stadium or building for sports or entertainment - used in names
• They went to the hockey game at Madison Square Garden.
5 Gardens [plural] chiefly Brit
- used in street names
• Belsize Gardens
- see 1common
lead someone down/up the garden path
- see 1lead