brother

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brother

US /ˈbrʌð.ɚ/ 
UK /ˈbrʌð.ər/ 

A male who has the same parents as you

Persian equivalent: 

برادر، داداش

Example: 

My parents love me and my younger brother equally.

خانواده ی من، من و برادر کوچکترم را به یک اندازه دوست دارند.

Oxford Essential Dictionary

brother

 noun
a man or boy who has the same parents as you:
My younger brother is called Mark.
Gavin and Nick are brothers.
Have you got any brothers and sisters?

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English

brother

I. brother1 S1 W1 /ˈbrʌðə $ -ər/ BrE AmE noun [countable]
[Word Family: noun: ↑brother, ↑brotherhood; adjective: ↑brotherly]
[Language: Old English; Origin: brothor]
1. a male who has the same parents as you ⇨ sister:
I have two brothers, William and Mark.
elder/older/younger etc brother
My younger brother is a doctor.
little/kid brother (=younger brother)
I have to take my little brother to school.
My big brother (=older brother) has always looked after me.
my twin brother
2. spoken informal a word meaning a black man, used especially by other black men
3. a male member of a group with the same interests, religion, profession etc as you
4. (plural brothers or brethren) a male member of a religious group, especially a ↑monk:
Brother Justin
5. American English a member of a ↑fraternity (=a club of male university students)
6. brothers in arms literary soldiers who have fought together in a war
⇨ ↑Big Brother, ↑blood brother, HALF BROTHER, ↑stepbrother
• • •
COLLOCATIONS
■ ADJECTIVES/NOUN + brother
an older/elder brother I have two older brothers.
a big brother (=older brother - used especially by or to children) Jake was my big brother and I admired him.
a younger brother Do you have any younger brothers?
a little brother (also a kid brother American English) (=younger brother) My kid brother was always annoying me.
a baby brother (=brother who is still a baby) Mum let me hold my new baby brother.
a twin brother Luke and his twin brother Sam went everywhere together.
a half-brother (=brother with only one parent the same as yours) I never really liked my half-brother.
a step-brother (=the son of your stepfather or stepmother) His dad’s new wife brought him two step-brothers.
II. brother2 BrE AmE interjection especially American English
used to show you are annoyed or surprised:
Oh, brother – I really don’t want to deal with this now.

Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

brother

brother [brother brothers brethren] noun, exclamation   [ˈbrʌðə(r)]    [ˈbrʌðər]

noun  

IN FAMILY
1. a boy or man who has the same mother and father as another person
We're brothers.
He's my brother.
an older/younger brother
a twin brother
Does she have any brothers and sisters?
Edward was the youngest of the Kennedy brothers.
He was like a brother to me (= very close).

see also  half-brother, stepbrother  

OTHER MEN

2. (pl. brothers or old-fashioned brethren)used for talking to or talking about other male members of an organization or other men who have the same ideas, purpose, etc. as yourself
We must work together, brothers!
We are all brothers in the fight against injustice.
He was greatly respected by his brother officers.

We must support our weaker brethren.  

IN RELIGIOUS GROUP

3. (also Brother)(pl. brethren or brothers) a male member of a religious group, especially a monk
Brother Luke

The Brethren meet regularly for prayer.  

FORM OF ADDRESS

4. (NAmE, informal) used by black people as a form of address for a black man  

AT COLLEGE/UNIVERSITY
5. (in the US) a member of a fraternity (= a club for a group of male students at a college or university) 
Word Origin:
Old English brōthor, of Germanic origin; related to Dutch broeder and German Bruder, from an Indo-European root shared by Latin frater.  
Example Bank:
Bill idolizes his big brother, who is a professional footballer.
Do you have any brothers and sisters?
He married the wife of his late brother.
His old teacher greeted him like a long-lost brother.
She wrote daily to her beloved brother, Leo.

The boys are so close, they're like brothers.

exclamation (old-fashioned, especially NAmE) used to express the fact that you are annoyed or surprised
Oh brother!  
Word Origin:

Old English brōthor, of Germanic origin; related to Dutch broeder and German Bruder, from an Indo-European root shared by Latin frater.

Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary

brother

brother /ˈbrʌð.əʳ/ US /-ɚ/
noun [C]
1 a man or boy with the same parents as another person:
Do you have any brothers and sisters?
I have three brothers and a sister.
Johnny is my younger/older/big/baby/little brother.
My brother lives in Washington.

2 a man who is a member of the same group as you or who shares an interest with you or has a similar way of thinking to you:
[as form of address] "Let us unite, brothers and fight this unjust law!"

3 used as the title of a man, such as a monk, who belongs to a religious organization:
Brother Michael and Brother John were deep in conversation.

4 US INFORMAL sometimes used by a black man to address or refer to another black man

brotherly /ˈbrʌð.əl.i/ US /-ɚ.li/
adjective
showing the kindness, interest or affection that you would expect a brother to show:
Can I give you some brotherly advice?

Collins COBUILD Advanced Learner’s English Dictionary

brother

/brʌðə(r)/
(brothers)

Frequency: The word is one of the 700 most common words in English.

Note: The old-fashioned form 'brethren' is still sometimes used as the plural for meanings 2 and 3.

1.
Your brother is a boy or a man who has the same parents as you.
Oh, so you’re Peter’s younger brother...
Have you got any brothers and sisters?
N-COUNT: oft poss N
see also half-brother, stepbrother

2.
You can describe a man as your brother if he belongs to the same race, religion, country, profession, or trade union as you, or if he has similar ideas to you.
He told reporters he’d come to be with his Latvian brothers.
N-COUNT: usu poss N

3.
Brother is a title given to a man who belongs to a religious community such as a monastery.
...Brother Otto.
...the Christian Brothers community which owns the castle.
N-TITLE; N-COUNT; N-VOC

4.
Brothers is used in the names of some companies and shops.
...the film company Warner Brothers...
N-IN-NAMES

Generation Gap

  1. How old are you? How old are your parents? Is it OK?
  2. Are your friends mostly the same age as you are, older or younger? Why?
  3. Have you experienced the moment when you say "now I understand my mum/dad"? When was it? How old were you?
  4. Do you ever disagree with your friends/ parents or sisters and brothers on music, fashion or values?
  5. How long does a generation last? What forms the ideas and values of a generation?
  6. How do you compare your generation with the previous one and the next one?
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