To move upwards
طلوع كردن، برآمدن
At 6 a.m. we watched the sun rise
verb (rises, rising, rose /, has risen )
1 to go up; to become higher or more:
Smoke was rising from the chimney.
Prices have risen by 20 %.
2 to get up from a sitting or lying position:
She rose to her feet.
3 If the sun or moon rises, it moves up in the sky:
The sun rises in the east and sets (= goes down) in the west.
I. rise1 S2 W1 /raɪz/ BrE AmE verb (past tense rose /rəʊz $ roʊz/, past participle risen /ˈrɪzən/) [intransitive]
[Language: Old English; Origin: risan]
1. INCREASE to increase in number, amount, or value SYN go up OPP fall
Sales rose by 20% over the Christmas period.
The research budget rose from £175,000 in 1999 to £22.5 million in 2001.
Temperatures rarely rise above freezing.
rise dramatically/sharply/rapidly/steeply etc
The number of people seeking asylum in Britain has risen sharply.
The divorce rate has risen steadily since the 1950s.
rising crime/unemployment/inflation etc
The country faces economic recession and rising unemployment.
The police seem unable to cope with the rising tide of (=large increase in) car crime.
In everyday English, people usually say an amount or level goes up rather than rises:
▪ Prices have gone up a lot.
2. GO UPWARDS to go upwards OPP fall:
The floodwaters began to rise again.
She watched the bubbles rise to the surface.
the problems caused by climate change and rising sea levels
Smoke rose from the chimney.
The road rises steeply from the village.
The waves rose and fell.
3. STAND formal to stand up:
Then she picked up her bag and rose to leave.
rise from the table/your chair etc
The chairman rose from his chair and came forward to greet her.
He put down his glass and rose to his feet.
4. BECOME SUCCESSFUL to become important, powerful, successful, or rich OPP fall
He rose to the rank of major.
rise to prominence/fame/power
He had swiftly risen to prominence during the 1950s.
Mussolini rose to power in Italy in 1922.
people who rise to the top in their chosen professions
rise to do something
He rose to become chairman of the company.
She had joined the company as a secretary and risen through the ranks (=made progress from a low position to a high position) to become a senior sales director.
5. BE TALL (also rise up) to be very tall
The cliffs rose above them.
huge rocks rising from the sea
The bridge rose majestically into the air.
a) to be loud enough to be heard
The sound of traffic rose from the street below.
Her voice rose above the shouts of the children.
b) to become louder or higher:
His voice rose in frustration.
7. SUN/MOON/STAR to appear in the sky OPP set:
The sun rises in the east.
8. EMOTION if a feeling or emotion rises, you feel it more and more strongly:
She could sense her temper rising again.
There was an atmosphere of rising excitement in the school.
The doctor sounded optimistic and John’s hopes rose.
9. rise to the occasion/challenge to deal successfully with a difficult situation or problem, especially by working harder or performing better than usual:
a young athlete who can certainly rise to the occasion
The team rose to the challenge.
10. AGAINST A GOVERNMENT/ARMY (also rise up) if a large group of people rise, they try to defeat the government, army etc that is controlling them:
They rose up and overthrew the government.
The prisoners rose against the guards and escaped.
rise in revolt/rebellion
They rose in rebellion against the king.
11. BREAD/CAKES ETC if bread, cakes etc rise, they become bigger because there is air inside them
12. BED literary to get out of bed in the morning
13. ALIVE AGAIN to come alive after having died ⇨ resurrection
rise from the dead/grave
On the third day Jesus rose from the dead.
14. COURT/PARLIAMENT if a court or parliament rises, that particular meeting is formally finished
15. WIND formal if the wind rises, it becomes stronger:
The wind had risen again and it was starting to rain.
16. RIVER literary if a river rises somewhere, it begins there:
The Rhine rises in Switzerland.
17. rise and shine spoken used humorously to tell someone to wake up and get out of bed
• • •
▪ sharply/steeply (=a lot in a short time) The value of the painting has risen sharply in recent years.
▪ dramatically (=a lot and very suddenly) Unemployment rose dramatically.
▪ rapidly/quickly/fast House prices rose rapidly last year.
▪ significantly (=in a way that shows something important) Male cancer rates rose significantly during the period 1969–78.
▪ substantially (=a lot) University fees have risen substantially.
▪ steadily My salary had risen steadily each year.
▪ slightly The water temperature had risen slightly.
rise above something phrasal verb
if someone rises above a bad situation or bad influences, they do not let these things affect them because they are mentally strong or have strong moral principles:
You expect a certain amount of criticism, but you have to rise above it.
I try to rise above such prejudices.
rise to something phrasal verb
if you rise to a remark, you reply to it rather than ignoring it, especially because it has made you angry:
You shouldn’t rise to his comments.
He refused to rise to the bait (=react in the way someone wanted him to).
verb (rose [rəʊz] ; [roʊz] risen [ˈrɪzn] ; [ˈrɪzn] )
1. intransitive (+ adv./prep.) to come or go upwards; to reach a higher level or position
• Smoke was rising from the chimney.
• The river has risen (by) several metres.
2. intransitive (+ adv./prep.) (formal) to get up from a lying, sitting or kneeling position
Syn: get up
• He was accustomed to rising (= getting out of bed) early.
• They rose from the table.
• She rose to her feet.
3. intransitive when the sun, moon, etc. rises, it appears above the horizon
• The sun rises in the east.
4. intransitive (formal) (of a group of people) to end a meeting
• The House (= members of the House of Commons) rose at 10 p.m.
5. intransitive to increase in amount or number
• rising fuel bills
• The price of gas rose.
• Gas rose in price.
• Unemployment rose (by) 3%.
• Air pollution has risen above an acceptable level.
6. intransitive (+ adv./prep.) to become more successful, important, powerful, etc
• a rising young politician
• She rose to power in the 70s.
• He rose to the rank of general.
• She rose through the ranks to become managing director.
7. intransitive if a sound rises, it become louder and higher
• Her voice rose angrily.
8. intransitive if the wind rises, it begins to blow more strongly
Syn: get up
• The wind is rising— I think there's a storm coming.
9. intransitive (formal) if a feeling rises inside you, it begins and gets stronger
• He felt anger rising inside him.
• Her spirits rose (= she felt happier) at the news.
OF YOUR COLOUR
10. intransitive (formal) if your colour rises, your face becomes pink or red with embarrassment
11. intransitive if hair rises, it stands vertical instead of lying flat
• The hair on the back of my neck rose when I heard the scream.
12. intransitive ~ (up) (against sb/sth) (formal) to begin to fight against your ruler or government or against a foreign army
• The peasants rose in revolt.
• He called on the people to rise up against the invaders.
related noun uprising
13. intransitive (formal) to be or become visible above the surroundings
• Mountains rose in the distance.
14. intransitive if land rises, it slopes upwards
• The ground rose steeply all around.
OF BEGINNING OF RIVER
15. intransitive + adv./prep. a river rises where it begins to flow
• The Thames rises in the Cotswold hills.
16. intransitive when bread, cakes, etc. rise, they swell because of the action of yeast or baking powder
OF DEAD PERSON
17. intransitive ~ (from sth) to come to life again
• to rise from the dead
• (figurative) Can a new party rise from the ashes of the old one?
more at sb's gorge rises at gorge n., make sb's hackles rise at hackles, draw yourself up/rise to your full height at height
Old English rīsan ‘make an attack’, ‘wake, get out of bed’, of Germanic origin; related to Dutch rijzen and German reisen.
• rising fuel bills/divorce rates
increase • • grow • • climb • • escalate • • jump • • rocket • |especially spoken go up • |written soar • |disapproving spiral • • shoot up • |often approving leap • |especially business surge •
Opp: fall, Opp: drop, Opp: sink
rise/increase/grow/jump/go up/shoot up/soar in price, number, etc.
rise/increase/grow/go up/climb/jump/rocket/shoot up/soar (by) 10%, 200, etc.
rise/increase/grow/go up/climb/escalate/jump/rocket/shoot up/soar from 2% to 5%
Rise, increase or grow? Rise is the most frequent of these verbs. It is used most often about the number or level of sth; grow and increase can also be used about size and strength:
• Profits/Numbers have risen/grown/increased.
• Her confidence grew/increased.
¤ Her confidence rose.
• From the river the ground rises steeply towards the north.
slope • • climb •
Opp: drop away
rise/slope/climb towards sth
Describing an increase
▪ Student numbers in English language schools in this country increased ▪ from 66 000 in 2008 to just over 84 000 in 2009.
▪ The number of students increased ▪ by almost 30% compared with the previous year.
▪ Student numbers shot up ▪ / increased dramatically ▪ in 2009.
▪ The proportion of Spanish students rose sharply ▪ from 5% in 2008 to 14% in 2009.
▪ There was a significant rise ▪ in student numbers in 2009.
▪ The 2009 figure was 84 000, an increase of ▪ 28% on the previous year.
▪ The 2009 figure was 84 000, 28 per cent up ▪ on the previous year.
▪ As the chart shows, this can partly be explained by a dramatic increase ▪ in students from Spain.
Language Banks at expect, fall, illustrate, proportion
get up • stand up • rise • get to your feet • be on your feet
These words all mean to be in an upright position with your weight on your feet, or to put yourself in this position.
stand • to be in an upright position with your weight on your feet: ▪ She was too weak to stand. ◊ ▪ Stand still ▪ when I'm talking to you!
Stand is usually used with an adverb or prepositional phrase to show where or how sb stands, but sometimes another phrase or clause is used to show what sb does while they are standing: ▪ We stood talking for a few minutes. ◊ ▪ He stood and looked out to sea.
get up • to get into a standing position from a sitting, kneeling or lying position: ▪ Please don't get up!
stand up • to be in a standing position; to stand after sitting: ▪ Stand up straight! ◊ ▪ Everyone would stand up when the teacher entered the classroom.
stand, get up or stand up?
Stand usually means ‘to be in a standing position’ but can also mean ‘to get into a standing position’. Stand up can be used with either of these meanings, but its use is more restricted: it is used especially when sb tells sb or a group of people to stand. Get up is the most frequent way of saying ‘get into a standing position’, and this can be from a sitting, kneeling or lying position; if you stand up, this is nearly always after sitting, especially on a chair. If you want to tell sb politely that they do not need to move from their chair, use get up: Please don't stand up!
rise • (formal) to get into a standing position from a sitting, kneeling or lying position: ▪ Would you all rise, please, to welcome our visiting speaker.
get to your feet • to stand up after sitting, kneeling or lying: ▪ I helped her to get to her feet.
be on your feet • to be standing up: ▪ I've been on my feet all day.
• Adam rose abruptly from the table.
• Entry standards into the profession are set to rise further.
• Gas rose in price.
• He made to rise but found his legs were not strong enough to support him.
• He rose early and went for a walk.
• He rose to his full height and leaned across the table.
• House prices have risen sharply in recent months.
• Inflation rose from 2% to 5% last year.
• Lush green mountains rise up behind the airport.
• Pensions will rise in line with inflation.
• She rose shakily to her feet and looked around.
• She rose slowly from her chair to greet us.
• She rose unsteadily to her feet.
• Smoke rose from the chimney.
• Somehow he managed to rise to a sitting position.
• Tall chimneys rise into the air.
• The cost of health care is rising faster than ever.
• Unemployment has risen by 25 000 this month.
• the cliffs which rise majestically from the ocean
• Behind the house the ground rises steeply to the north.
• Interest rates are expected to rise from 4.5% to 5% in the next six months.
• The price of gas has risen by 3%.
• Would you all rise, please, to welcome our visiting speaker.
• rising fuel bills/divorce rates
Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary - 4th Edition
rise / raɪz / verb ( rose , risen ) (MOVE UP)
B1 [ I ] to move upwards:
The balloon rose gently (up) into the air.
At 6 a.m. we watched the sun rise (= appear and move upwards in the sky) .
When you put yeast in bread and bake the bread, it rises (= gets bigger) .
New buildings are rising (= being built) throughout the city.
The River Cam rises (= first comes out of the ground) in/at a place called Ashwell.
figurative Murmurs of disapproval rose from (= came from) the crowd.
[ I ] to stand, especially after sitting:
She rose from her chair to welcome us.
He rose to his feet to deliver his speech.
[ I ] formal to get out of bed:
My grandfather rises at five every morning to do his exercises.
rise / raɪz / verb ( rose , risen ) (INCREASE)
B2 [ I ] to increase:
Inflation is rising at/by 2.1 percent a month.
The wind/storm is rising (= beginning to get stronger) .
[ I ] When emotions, etc. rise, they start to increase:
Tempers are rising (= people are becoming angry) .
My spirits rise (= I feel happier) whenever I think of my friends.
She felt panic and terror rise in her whenever she thought of the future.
His voice rose (= became louder or higher) as he got angry.
rise / raɪz / verb [ I ] ( rose , risen ) (BECOME SUCCESSFUL)
C2 to become important, successful, or powerful:
After a long career with the company, she has risen to the position of chief executive.
He rose to power as the country emerged from its financial crisis.
She quickly rose through the ranks to become head of marketing.
The singer has risen from humble origins to become one of the most successful entertainers of all time.
rise / raɪz / verb [ I ] ( rose , risen ) (BECOME HIGHER)
to become higher:
The ground rises over there.
The castle is built on rising ground (= ground higher than areas around it) .
You can see the Alps rising (= showing as a higher area) in the distance/ above the clouds.
rise / raɪz / verb [ I usually + adv/prep ] ( rose , risen ) (BE OPPOSED TO)
(of a group of people) to begin to oppose or fight a bad government or ruler:
The people rose (up) against the oppressor/tyrant/dictator.
rise / raɪz / verb [ I ] ( rose , risen ) formal (STOP WORK)
If parliament or a court rises, it stops work:
Parliament/The court rose at 6 p.m.
rises, rising, rose, risen
1) VERB If something rises, it moves upwards.
[V from/to n] Wilson's ice-cold eyes watched the smoke rise from his cigarette...
The powdery dust rose in a cloud around him.
Rise up means the same as rise. V P from/to n Spray rose up from the surface of the water... V P Black dense smoke rose up.
2) VERB When you rise, you stand up. [FORMAL]
[V from n] Luther rose slowly from the chair...
He looked at Livy and Mark, who had risen to greet him.
Rise up means the same as rise. Also V P V P from n The only thing I wanted was to rise up from the table and leave this house.
3) VERB When you rise, you get out of bed. [FORMAL]
Tony had risen early and gone to the cottage to work.
4) VERB When the sun or moon rises, it appears in the sky.
He wanted to be over the line of the ridge before the sun had risen.
5) VERB You can say that something rises when it appears as a large tall shape. [LITERARY]
[V prep/adv] The building rose before him, tall and stately...
[V prep/adv] The towers rise out of a concrete podium.
Rise up means the same as rise. V P prep/adv The White Mountains rose up before me.
6) VERB If the level of something such as the water in a river rises, it becomes higher.
The waters continue to rise as more than 1,000 people are evacuated.
...the tides rise and fall.
7) VERB If land rises, it slopes upwards.
[V prep/adv] He looked up the slope of land that rose from the house...
The ground begins to rise some 20 yards away...
[V-ing] The great house stood on rising ground.
8) N-COUNT: usu sing A rise is an area of ground that slopes upwards.
The pub itself was on a rise, commanding views across the countryside...
I climbed to the top of a rise overlooking the ramparts.
9) VERB If an amount rises, it increases.
[V from/to amount] Pre-tax profits rose from ₤842,000 to ₤1.82m...
[V by amount] Tourist trips of all kinds in Britain rose by 10.5% between 1977 and 1987...
[V amount] Exports in June rose 1.5% to a record $30.91 billion...
Investment levels have fallen, while the number of business failures has risen...
[V-ing] The increase is needed to meet rising costs.
10) N-COUNT: N in n A rise in the amount of something is an increase in it.
...the prospect of another rise in interest rates...
Foreign nationals have begun leaving because of a sharp rise in violence.
11) N-COUNT A rise is an increase in your wages or your salary. [BRIT]
He will get a pay rise of nearly ₤4,000.
increase(in AM, use raise)
12) N-SING: the N of n The rise of a movement or activity is an increase in its popularity or influence.
The rise of racism in America is a serious concern.
...the rise of home ownership.
13) VERB If the wind rises, it becomes stronger.
The wind was still rising, approaching a force nine gale.
Rise up means the same as rise. V P Foxworth shivered as the wind rose up and roared through the beech trees.
14) VERB If a sound rises or if someone's voice rises, it becomes louder or higher.
`Bernard?' Her voice rose hysterically...
[V to n] His voice rose almost to a scream.
15) VERB If a sound rises from a group of people, it comes from them.
[V from n] There were low, muffled voices rising from the hallway.
Rise up means the same as rise. V P From the people, a cheer rose up.
16) VERB If an emotion rises in someone, they suddenly feel it very intensely so that it affects their behaviour.
A tide of emotion rose and clouded his judgement...
[V in n] The thought made anger rise in him and he went into a bar and had a double whisky.
17) VERB If your colour rises or if a blush rises in your cheeks, you turn red because you feel angry, embarrassed, or excited.
[V in n] Amy felt the colour rising in her cheeks at the thought. [Also V]
18) VERB When the people in a country rise, they try to defeat the government or army that is controlling them.
[V against n] The National Convention has promised armed support to any people who wish to rise against armed oppression. [Also V]
rising plural N-COUNT ...popular risings against tyrannical rulers.
Rise up means the same as rise. V P He warned that if the government moved against him the people would rise up... V P against n A woman called on the population to rise up against the government.
19) VERB If someone rises to a higher position or status, they become more important, successful, or powerful.
[V prep] She is a strong woman who has risen to the top of a deeply sexist organisation...
[V prep] From an unlikely background he has risen rapidly through the ranks of government.
Rise up means the same as rise. V P prep I started with Hoover 26 years ago in sales and rose up through the ranks.
20) N-SING: with poss The rise of someone is the process by which they become more important, successful, or powerful.
Haig's rise was fuelled by an all-consuming sense of patriotic duty...
The group celebrated the regime's rise to power in 1979.
21) PHRASE: V inflects, PHR n If something gives rise to an event or situation, it causes that event or situation to happen.
Low levels of choline in the body can give rise to high blood-pressure...
The picture gave rise to speculation that the three were still alive and being held captive.
22) to rise to the bait → see bait
to rise to the challenge → see challenge
to rise to the occasion → see occasion
- rise above
- rise up
1rise /ˈraɪz/ verb ris·es; rose /ˈroʊz/; ris·en /ˈrɪzn̩/; ris·ing /ˈraɪzɪŋ/ [no obj]
1 a : to move upward
• Smoke was rising into the air.
• Bubbles rose to the surface of water.
• The airplane rose [=(more formally) ascended] into the sky.
- often + up
• Smoke was rising up into the air.
• The airplane rose up from the runway.
- sometimes used figuratively
• His spirits rose [=he began to feel happier] when he heard the good news.
b : to become higher
• The tide rose and fell.
• The river is rising.
c : to slope or extend upward
• The land rises as you move away from the coast.
• The road rose gently/steeply.
• a tower rising above the little town
• steeply/sharply rising mountain peaks
- often + up
• The mountains rose up before us.
2 : to advance to a higher level or position : to become more popular, successful, etc.
• a politician who rose to fame/power/prominence very quickly
• Empires rise [=become powerful, important, etc.] and fall.
• The book has risen to the top of best-seller lists.
• She rose through the ranks of the company to become president. [=she began her career with the company with little power or authority and gradually gained more power and authority until she had become president]
• She has risen in my estimation. [=I think more highly of her; I respect/admire her more]
3 a : to increase in amount, number, level, etc. : to become more
• Sales have risen [=increased] in recent months.
• People are angry about rising gasoline prices.
• The population has been rising [=growing] dramatically/sharply/markedly.
• Stocks rose (by) several points in early trading today.
• The market is continuing to rise.
b : to become stronger : to increase in strength
• The wind rose in the afternoon.
• My anger rose as I thought about what she had said.
c : to become louder : to increase in volume
• The music rose and fell.
• Her voice rose to an angry shout.
4 a : to stand up
• He rose slowly (to his feet).
• She quickly rose from the chair and began to walk away.
b : to get up from sleeping in a bed
• He rose refreshed after a good night's sleep.
• Rise and shine! [=wake up and get out of bed]
5 of the sun or moon : to appear above the horizon
• The sun rises [=comes up] in the morning and sets at night.
• We watched as the moon rose in the eastern sky.
- opposite 1set 11
6 of bread, cake, etc. : to become bigger because of being filled with air bubbles made through a chemical process
• Yeast will make the dough rise.
7 : to begin to fight in order to remove a ruler or government
• The people rose in rebellion/revolt.
- often + up
• He told the people that they should rise up and overthrow the corrupt government.
8 : to live again after dying : to come back to life
• a belief that the dead will rise again [=will live again]
• Christians believe that Jesus Christ rose from the dead.
rise above [phrasal verb] rise above (something)
1 : to not allow yourself to be hurt or controlled by (something bad or harmful)
• We need to rise above our anger/frustration and find a way to get along with each other.
• She rose above the prejudice of her time to become a great civil rights leader.
• It's time to rise above petty bickering/politics.
2 : to be or become better than (something)
• The quality of the food never rises above average.
rise to the occasion/challenge : to make the special effort that is required to successfully deal with a difficult situation
• No one was sure if he could handle the pressure of making a speech, but he rose to the occasion and did an excellent job.
• When the company needed to increase its sales, its employees rose to the challenge.
your gorge rises
- see 1gorge