the true facts about something, rather than what is untrue, imagined, or guessed OPP lie, falsehood, untruth
واقعیت، حقیقت، درستی
always tell the truth
هميشه راست بگو.
noun (no plural)
being true; what is true:
There is no truth in these rumours.
We need to find out the truth about what happened.
Are you telling me the truth?
truth S1 W2 /truːθ/ BrE AmE noun
[Word Family: adverb: truly, truthfully ≠ untruthfully, true; noun: truth ≠ untruth, truthfulness; adjective: true ≠ untrue, truthful ≠ untruthful]
[Language: Old English; Origin: treowth 'faithfulness']
1. TRUE FACTS the truth the true facts about something, rather than what is untrue, imagined, or guessed OPP lie, falsehood, untruth:
How do we know you’re telling us the truth?
the truth about
She hoped to find out the truth about her family.
the truth behind
We’ll never know the truth behind what happened.
2. BEING TRUE [uncountable] the state or quality of being true
There was some truth in the accusations.
grain/element of truth (=small amount of truth)
There wasn’t a grain of truth in what he said.
There was an element of truth (=a small amount of truth) in what he said.
There is no truth in the rumour.
3. IMPORTANT IDEAS [countable usually plural] formal an important fact or idea that is accepted as being true:
The experience has taught us some basic truths.
an unhappy/unpleasant/unwelcome truth (=an unpleasant or disappointing fact)
It is in his interest to hide unhappy truths about his agency’s performance.
4. in truth in fact SYN really:
Early independence leaders were in truth little better than rebels.
5. if (the) truth be known/told used when telling someone the real facts about a situation, or your real opinion:
If the truth be known, I felt a little left out at school.
6. to tell (you) the truth spoken used when giving your personal opinion or admitting something:
To tell the truth, I was frightened to death.
7. nothing could be further from the truth used to say that something is definitely not true
8. the truth will out old-fashioned used to say that even if you try to stop people from knowing something, they will find out in the end
⇨ half-truth, ↑home truth, ⇨ the moment of truth at moment(15)
• • •
▪ tell the truth It's better to tell the truth.
▪ speak the truth He always spoke the truth, whether it was popular or not.
▪ know the truth At last I knew the truth about my father’s death.
▪ find out/discover/uncover the truth She was determined to find out the truth.
▪ learn the truth When she learns the truth, she may decide to help us.
▪ get at/to the truth informal (=discover the truth) The police will eventually get to the truth of the matter.
▪ reveal the truth She’d promised never to reveal the truth.
▪ accept/admit the truth Our pride kept us from admitting the truth.
▪ be/come close to the truth The book comes a little too close to the truth for their liking.
▪ get the truth out of somebody (=make someone tell you the truth) I’ll get the truth out of her, whatever it takes!
■ adjectives/NOUN + truth
▪ the whole/full truth Investors should have been told the whole truth.
▪ the simple/plain/naked truth (=the truth, with nothing added, left out, or hidden) The simple truth is that there isn’t enough money to pay for it.
▪ the sad/painful truth (=something that is true but that you regret) She still misses him, and that’s the sad truth.
▪ the awful/terrible/dreadful etc truth She could not bring herself to tell them the awful truth.
▪ the honest truth (=used to emphasize that you are telling the truth) We never came here to steal anything, and that’s the honest truth.
▪ the gospel truth (=the complete truth) Don’t take everything she says as the gospel truth.
▪ the truth of the matter The truth of the matter is that we don’t know what really happened.
■ COMMON ERRORS
► Do not say 'say the truth'. Say tell the truth.
truth [truth truths] [truːθ] [truːθ] noun (pl. truths [truːðz] ; [truːðz] )
1. the truth singular the true facts about sth, rather than the things that have been invented or guessed
• Do you think she's telling the truth?
• We are determined to get at (= discover) the truth.
• The truth (of the matter) is we can't afford to keep all the staff on.
• I don't think you are telling me the whole truth about what happened.
• The awful truth about his disappearance finally dawned on her.
• It's the gospel truth! (= completely true)
• The sad truth is that, at 72, he is past his prime.
2. uncountable the quality or state of being based on fact
• There is no truth in the rumours.
• There is not a grain of truth in what she says.
• His version of events does contain an element of truth.
3. countable a fact that is believed by most people to be true
• universal truths
• She was forced to face up to a few unwelcome truths about her family.
see also half-truth, home truth
more at bend the truth at bend v., economical with the truth at economical, the moment of truth at moment
Idioms: if truth be told ▪ in truth ▪ nothing could be further from the truth ▪ tell the truth ▪ truth is stranger than fiction ▪ truth will out
Old English trīewth, trēowth ‘faithfulness, constancy’ (see true, -th).
• Dare anyone deny the truth of what we have said?
• Finally the moment of truth will be upon you.
• He realized the truth in Adam's words.
• He was reminded of his duty to speak the truth when questioned in court.
• He was too fragile to handle the truth.
• His evidence was a blend of smears, half truths and downright lies.
• His explanation has a ring of truth to it.
• I know you think she's mean, but nothing could be further from the truth.
• I'm sure she's telling the truth.
• If the truth be known, I was afraid to tell anyone.
• It still doesn't make sense to me— I don't think he's told us the whole truth.
• It's a good film but contains little historical truth.
• It's time we told him a few home truths about sharing a house.
• Lawyers distorted the truth about the deal.
• Science, like theology, reveals transcendent truths about a changing world.
• She takes everything she reads in the paper as gospel truth.
• She was determined to discover the truth about her boss.
• She would later find out the truth about her husband.
• So now you know the truth.
• The awful truth suddenly dawned on her.
• The journalist protested that he was only trying to get at the truth.
• The police doubt the truth of his statement.
• The sad truth is he never loved her.
• The simple truth is he's lost his job.
• The truth of the matter is we can't afford to keep all the staff on.
• There is no truth in the rumour.
• There may have been a grain of truth in what he said.
• They claim to be the arbiters of sacred truth.
• They were motivated by the pursuit of the truth.
• To tell you the truth, I'm rather dreading his return.
• Towards the end of the letter the cruel truth emerged.
• We are examining the matter to see where the truth lies.
• We hold these truths to be self-evident…
• We're going to try to get the truth out of this boy.
• What's the truth behind all the gossip?
• You've been hiding the truth from me!
• a man on a journey seeking the truth about God and humanity
• finding out the truth about her husband
• in search of the eternal truths of life
• seekers after divine truth
• the deeper truths that often go unspoken
• the hidden truth behind the events of the last four years
• the plain unvarnished truth
• the revealed truth of God
• the shocking truth about heroin addiction among the young
Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary - 4th Edition
truth / truθ / noun
B2 [ U ] the quality of being true:
There would seem to be some truth in what she says.
There is no truth in the reports of his resignation.
You cannot question the truth of his alibi.
And yet what he says contains at least a grain of (= a small amount of) truth.
the truth B1 [ S ]
the real facts about a situation, event, or person:
But was he telling the truth?
I don't suppose we'll ever know the truth about what happened that day.
To tell (you) the truth (= speaking honestly) I'm quite pleased he's not coming.
in truth formal
used to show or emphasize that something is true:
In truth we feared for her safety although we didn't let it be known.
C2 [ C ] formal a fact or principle that is thought to be true by most people:
It would seem to be a general truth that nothing is as straightforward as it at first seems.
The entire system of belief is based on a few simple truths.
Word partners for truth
tell the truth • discover / find out / learn / uncover the truth • confess / reveal the truth • conceal / hide / withhold the truth • the truth comes out / emerges • the truth dawns on sb • the awful / honest / simple / whole truth • an element / grain of truth • the ring of truth • the truth about sb/sth
© Cambridge University Press 2013
1) N-UNCOUNT The truth about something is all the facts about it, rather than things that are imagined or invented.
Is it possible to separate truth from fiction?...
I must tell you the truth about this business...
The truth of the matter is that we had no other choice...
In the town very few know the whole truth.
...judgements of truth or falsity.
2) N-UNCOUNT: oft N of/in n If you say that there is some truth in a statement or story, you mean that it is true, or at least partly true.
There is no truth in this story...
Is there any truth to the rumors?...
The criticisms have at least an element of truth and validity.
3) N-COUNT A truth is something that is believed to be true.
It is an almost universal truth that the more we are promoted in a job, the less we actually exercise the skills we initially used to perform it.
4) → See also home truth, moment of truth
5) PHRASE: PHR with cl You say in truth in order to indicate that you are giving your honest opinion about something.
In truth, we were both unhappy.
6) PHRASE: PHR with cl You say to tell you the truth or truth to tell in order to indicate that you are telling someone something in an open and honest way, without trying to hide anything.
To tell you the truth, I was afraid to see him...
Truth to tell, John did not want Veronica at his wedding.
to be honest
truth /ˈtruːɵ/ noun, pl truths /ˈtruːðz, ˈtruːɵs/
1 the truth : the real facts about something : the things that are true
• Are you telling (me) the truth?
• At some point you have to face the simple/hard/honest/plain/naked truth that we failed.
• Their explanation was simpler but came closer to the truth.
• The article explains the truth about global warming.
• A reporter soon discovered/revealed/uncovered the truth.
• Do you swear to tell the whole truth and nothing but the truth?
• I know you think I don't care, but nothing could be further from the truth. [=that is absolutely not true]
• The truth of the matter is (that) you failed the exam and it's going to be reflected in your final grade.
• To tell (you) the truth, I liked her first book better than this one. [=I am being honest when I say that I liked her first book better]
• “When was the last time you went to New York?” “To tell you the truth, I don't remember.” [=I have to admit that I don't remember]
• I told her I liked the restaurant but the truth is that the food was pretty bad. = I told her I liked the restaurant but, truth be told/known, the food was pretty bad.
2 [noncount] : the quality or state of being true
• There's no truth in anything he says. [=nothing he says is true]
• I doubt the truth of their accusations. [=I doubt that their accusations are true]
• Her story contains a grain/kernel of truth but also lots of exaggeration.
3 [count] : a statement or idea that is true or accepted as true - usually plural
• Her experience taught her some basic/fundamental/eternal/universal truths about human nature.
• mathematical truths
bend the truth
in truth : in fact : actually or really
• She said she was feeling fine, but in truth she was very ill.
moment of truth